The Sword/Sabre is an age old military tradition, that evolved from a functional weapon into an item of uniform dress ornamentation by the start of WWI. This strong tradition continues in many armys to this day as a symbol of strength and power. After Hitlers rise to power in 1933 and the reintroduction of conscription in early 1935 a wide variety of new sword and sabre designs were introduced to outfit the rapidly growing Wehrmacht. 33 1/4" long, slightly curved, nickel/silver plated blade with narrow, shallow fullers to each side. Obverse, scalloped tipped shield shaped langet has highly embossed Wehrmacht style eagle with spread wings forming part of the cross guard on a slightly textured field. Reverse langet features a plain scalloped tipped shield with a slightly textured background field. Cross guard features a downward curved tip to one side with foliage pattern, and the base of the, "P", knuckle bow to other side. Ferrule, back-strap, and knuckle bow all feature highly embossed foliage and stylized oak-leaf patterns which extended right up to the "doves" head pommel.Army/SS Officer's Sword Prinz Eugen by Eickhorn
|Prinz Eugen officers sword||Schwertgehänge||Schwertgehänge|
Army officers daggerThe Army dagger can be found in several types, with engraved blades and ivory grips, etc but we are going to describe the standard type of this dagger..
The metal fittings of the hilt and the entire scabbard are normally silver plated, however, in late wartime production, several less expensive finishes were utilized (aluminum). The pommel of the Army dagger bears a relief design of oak leaves and secures the blade to the hilt. The grip can vary in color from white to orange. The crossguard shows on the obverse the national eagle with stretched wings and wreath encircled swastika in his talons. The standard blade of this dagger is a plain blade without a motto, unless the purchaser desired to order, an engraved blade or Damascus blade. The scabbard is made of steel and has two suspension bands which are decorated with an oak leaf motif. On the scabbard bands are rings to put the hangers on. The complete length of the dagger is 40 cm. The dagger has normally a aluminum portepee which is 42 cm long. The hangers for this dagger, are a double strap, detachable fabric hanger, constructed of aluminum facing sewn to field grey velvet backs. The buckles are oval and bear oak leaf design.
This dagger was adopted in 1935 for use by Army officers. Because the army grew to enormous proportions early in the Reich, this dagger was produced in large number. This dagger was manufactured by a large number of firms in Solingen, most of whom used parts that exhibit unique characteristics that make identifying "conforming" examples a relatively easy task. Makers include Eickhorn, Alcoso, WKC, Klaas, EP&S, Herder, SMF, Tiger, Puma, and Kolping. The example pictured above was manufactured by Karl Eickhorn
Kriegsmarine officers dagger
The German Navy (Kriegsmarine) officially carried daggers as early as the 1840's and continued to wear edged weapons throughout the Third Reich Period. Naval dirks were normally produced of gilded brass fittings and scabbard, with white grip and bright blade often having nautical theme etchings. The scabbard was produced with a engraved lighting bolt pattern or had a hammered finish. The so-called 1st Model, actually a Model 1929, was equipped with a round pommel top. After 1938, Naval dirks received a pommel change which depicted a closed-winged eagle which clutched a wreathed swastika. These dirks are often found with a portepee, i.e. decorative tassel wrapped about the grip.
The Kriegsmarine was the last of the three branches of the German Armed Forces to adopt a Nazified dagger on January 28TH 1938. The Kriegsmarine dagger was a modified version of a traditional design that dates back to the creation of the Prussian Navy in 1848. The main modification of the Third Reich era dagger was a change in the Reichsmarine flame shaped pommel to one featuring the national eagle with swastika. The dagger is roughly 10" long, nickel/silver plated, drop forged steel, stiletto style blade with dual, narrow, central fullers to each side. The blade features the standard acid etched design of fouled anchors and ornate foliage pattern. The dagger has a nicely detailed, fire gilted, brass crossguard and pommel. The crossguard features an embossed fouled anchor to both obverse and reverse centerpieces and an ornate foliage pattern and rosette tips to the horizontal arms. The reverse centerpiece of the crossguard has an integral spring loaded locking button. The pommel is a likeness of the Wehrmacht style eagle with down-swept wings clutching a wreathed swastika. The dagger has a white celluloid grip mounted on a wooden sleeve with twisted, dual strand, brass wire wrap still intact. The dagger comes with woven gilted/aluminum portepee which is tied in the correct manner. Originally designed as a functional item to secure the blade sidearm to the holders wrist the portepee evolved into a purely decorative accessory. The portepee consists of a gilted/aluminum cord with interwoven gilted/aluminum slide and stem and twisted braid crown and ball on a wooden template base. The dagger also comes with its original hamered brass scabbard.Hammered scabbard version Naval dirks are quite rare, as they were only available at extra cost during the period.
|Kriegsmarine officer's dagger undress belt and hangers|
In March 1933 the Deutscher Luftsport Verband, (German Air Sports League), was established by incorporating all civilian flying clubs into the one organization. The DLV was utilized as a camouflage civilian organization to train personnel for the future Luftwaffe. As a civilian organization it was able to circumvent the restrictions imposed by the Versailles Treaty, which prohibited a German military air service. In February and April 1934 respectively the DLV introduced a dagger for Officers and a knife for all ranks. Later in 1934 members of the Fliegerschaft, the secret military branch of the DLV, adopted both sidearms for wear. Shortly after the unveiling of the Luftwaffe in March 1935 a modified version of the DLVs Officers dagger was adopted for wear by Luftwaffe Officers and EM/NCOs personnel who held a valid pilots licence. Originally the early daggers were produced utilizing nickel/silver fittings until 1936 when the early fittings were replaced with polished natural aluminum fittings. Of Note: On July 15TH 1937 a second pattern Luftwaffe dagger was introduced was introduced for wear by Officers, Senior Officer Candidates and Officials with the equivalent Officers ranks and the first pattern dagger was discontinued.
Bayonet Model S 84/98This type of bayonet (seitengewehr) was introduced around 1905. The S 84/98 bayonet was used during the Imperial, Weimar and Nazi period. It was intended for use with the Karabiner 98 rifle, hence the name K98 bayonet. The grip is made of smooth wood with a small hole at the bottom, this allowed the water to find a way out so the wood would not rot away. The pommel, blade (25 cm) and scabbard are made of steel and blued for protection against rust. The blade and scabbard have makermarks and serial numbers. The pommel often has Waffenamt marks. During the Nazi period the makermark was replaced with an S-code followed by a K (1934) or a G (1935). From 1936 onward the S-code was followed with the last two digits of the year of manufacture (eg. S/172K , S/155 37). From 1937 untill 1940 the S-code was replaced with the actual makermark (W.K.C, F.W. Höller, Coppel GmbH...). From 1940 the manufacturers mark was replaced with a new code system.The date and makersmark were combined and resulted in the following codes: 42asw (Hörster 1942), 41cof (Eickhorn 1941)...During the war, when supplies were difficult to maintain, the wooden grips often were replaced with bakelite or even plastic grips.
The bayonets were worn on the left hip and were attached to the belt with a bayonet frog (Seitengewehrtasche). The frog and belt were of the same color but were different for SS, Heer, Kriegsmarine and Luftwaffe. If the S 84/98 was worn by a member of the SS the frog would match the black belt. A member of the luftwaffe would wear a brown frog on his belt.
|Webbing DAK frog|
The frog has a bayonet knot, named portepee, faustriemen or troddel. The portepee was used by officers and senior NCO's. The faustriemen and troddel were used by NCO's and enlisted men. The knot identified the company and battalion the member served in.