WINDPARK ESTINNES - panoramazichten op 20 juli 2010 (windpark bijna voltooid) en op 10 oktober 2010 (voltooid).
                Na de foto's, onderaan deze pagina, wat napraten over ENERGIE.
PARC ÉOLIEN d' ESTINNES - vues panoramiques de 20 juillet 2010 (parc éolien presque achevé) et de 10 octobre 2010 (achevé).
                Après les photos, à la fin de cette page, une petite discussion concernant l'ENERGIE.
WIND FARM ESTINNES - panoramic views taken July 20, 2010 (wind farm almost completed) and October 10, 2010 (completed).
                After the pictures, at the bottom of this page, some talk about ENERGY.

Windpark Estinnes, Belgie, bestaande uit 11 Enercon E-126 windturbines (nominaal vermogen 7,58 MW).
Een overzichtsplan van het windpark toont de opnamepunten van de panorama's met nummer 3 en 18 :
foto 3 zijnde een beeld van 20 juli 2010 met voltooiing nakend,
foto 18 een beeld na voltooing genomen op 10 oktober 2010.
Eerst een foto van de ravage aan een hoeve naast het windpark, opgelopen bij de zeer zware storm enkele dagen ervoor, op 14 juli 2010.
Mijns inziens is de ruimtelijke perceptie aanvaardbaar, wat ik durf omschrijven als rustige, fraaie techniek-in-landschap, bijna bucolisch door de binding met 'wijde luchten',
die perceptie is ook verbonden met betekenis van verticaliteit binnen het aardse platte zwaartekracht-platform, betekenis die veel verder reikt dan fallussymboliek.
De rust van dit windpark hangt samen met de open maar afgebakende cirkel-cluster lay-out, maar nog meer met de stoicijns trage rotatie : zelfs bij maximum 7,58MW prestatie
zijn er maar 11,7 rotaties/minuut, of dus iets meer dan 5 seconden per rotatie!
De zichten tonen op positieve wijze de fraaie elegantie van dit windpark, als element uit een leefbare toekomst.
                Alle foto's van het windpark Estinnes zijn vanop openbaar domein genomen door mezelf.
                       Als auteursrechthebbende van die foto's, geef ik ze aldus zonder enige voorwaarde vrij in het publieke domein, wat wereldwijd van toepassing is.
                       Het is aldus iedereen toegestaan die foto's voor eender welk doel te gebruiken, zonder enige voorwaarden, de Estinnes windpark foto's op deze website zijn dus vrij voor gebruik.
Wind farm Estinnes, Belgium, consisting of 11 Enercon E-126 wind turbines (rated at 7,58 MW).
A general plan indicates the viewpoints of panorama 3, shortly before completion on July 20 2010,
and panorama 18 taken at October 10th 2010, after completion.
But first of all a picture showing an old farm at 80m distance from the number 1 viewpoint - heavily damaged during a severe storm a few days earlier on 14 july.
The aim is to feel how such windfarm interacts with the surrounding landscape.
In my opinion such landscape impact is felt as an elegant and almost bucolic scene,
emphasizing the obvious link between a high, wide open air and the purpose of gaining energy.
The environmental imprint is essentially vertical, and in so far quite meaningfull by
touching much farther reaching values than a mere phallus symbolism, rather instead values on 'touching heaven from our flat gravity-bound earth'.
The peace of this wind farm is certainly related to the wide open but clearly defined circle lay-out,
but even more important, that peace surely finds its origin in an almost stoical calm and slow rotational speed :
at 11,7 rotations a minute on the maximal 7,58 MW output, each turn still takes more than 5 seconds!
The overall impression is very suggestive in terms of the livability of our common planetary future.
                All pictures of the Estinnes wind farm are taken by myself from public domain.
                       As the copyright holder of those pictures, I do release them into the public domain, what applies worldwide.
                       By this statement it's allowed for anyone to use them for any purpose, without any conditions, so the Estinnes wind farm pictures on this website are free for use.
Een hoeve op 80m van opnamepunt pano-1, die zware schade had van de storm van 14 juli 2010.
An old farm at 80m distance from the number 1 viewpoint, heavily damaged during a severe storm a few days earlier on 14 July 2010.


wind farm Estinnes 11 Enercon E-126 7.58 MW turbines - panorama 3 (2010-07-20, a few weeks before completion)

wind farm Estinnes 11 Enercon E-126 7.58 MW turbines - panorama 18 (2010-10-10 at 10.00 a.m., completed)

wind farm Estinnes 11 Enercon E126 turbines - panorama 20 (2010-10-10, completed)
View from the nature reserve at the western border of the wind farm, being one of many former coal mine sites in this part of Belgium.
So this Estinnes site shows us our challenging and dangerous era :
a tremendously urgent transition from CO2-rich fossil energy towards CO2-poor alternatives.
I would like to add a message on this view.

A: windfarm Estinnes view from Mons (N90 road) to E126 turbines as seen from 6km distance.

B: windfarm Estinnes view from La Louvière direction (N27 road) to E126 turbines as seen from 2,5km distance.

Links op de foto hieronder 5 turbines E126 uit dit Estinnes windpark, met op de voorgrond de (begroeide) oude spoorwegzate,
en rechts, jawel, het oude station van Estinnes, uit de tijd toen de 'charbonnage-Borinage' dit zo nodig had.
...Een toekomstdroom : fors hernomen openbaar-vervoerslijnen, met veel comfort, met hoge gebruiksfrequenties?
Zulks via elektrische lightrails gevoed met stroom uit renewable-energiewinning?
(vanuit smart-grid-methodiek met én decentrale input én hyper-connected Afrika-Europa-Noordzee supergrid, waardoor galante uitmiddeling van aanbod-fluctuaties)

Estinnes parc éolien et la CULTURE éolienne: le rock éolien d'Estinnes, la bière éolienne 'l'Aubéole d'Estinnes'.


ENERGIE verleden en toekomst - ENERGY the past and the future - l'ENERGIE le passé et la future

Zulke oude staakmolen als op de foto hierboven leverde aan de as tot 30kW vermogen, dus kan slechts
1 hedendaagse Enercon E-126 windturbine zoveel vermogen leveren als 253 van die oude molens samen !
Hoeveel van die oude windmolens tekenden de landschappen indertijd? In Nederland stonden rond 1850 zowat
9000 windmolens, in de Verenigde Staten stonden toen zelfs rond 6 miljoen windmolens (vooral om water op te pompen).
Goede historische en technische info rond oude windmolens is op deze website te vinden.
An old windmill as seen on this picture delivers about 30kW at its axis, in good wind conditions it could mill
up to 700kg of grains per hour. Indeed we thanks a lot on wind energy !
But just one contemporary Enercon E-126 wind turbine delivers as much energy as 253 of such old 30kW windmills together !
Our former landscapes were filled with lots of (different kind of) such old windmills;
Around 1850 in the Netherlands there were about 9000 windmills, while in the United States at that moment one estimates
that no less than 6 million windmills existed, often serving as water pumps but also delivering energy for many other purposes.

Windturbine 7,58 MW Enercon E-126.
Within this one page pdf, you can find
the latest public available information, as one can find on the www (till June 2012),
concerning the choice for the Enercon E-126 7,58 MW wind turbine.
More 6+ MW turbines, such as the existing REpower 6M (6,15 MW), and many others in prototype or in research and development phase
(Clipper 7,5 MW and 10 MW, Vestas 6 MW, Samsung 7,5 MW, Siemens 6 MW, AMSC 10 MW Sea-Titan as well as 10 MW onshore version,
Sinovel China 5 MW and to be followed by more powerfull versions, Gamesa 6 MW, etc.), are mostly optimised for offshore use.
Till now only Enercon makes a full onshore choice, optimising their turbines for regions with moderate wind conditions, and in so far
affording more local availability of our future energy resources, and affording an important possibility for a citizens cooperative copartnership.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
In Schneebergerhof, Germany, situated on the border of the touristic “Campingplatz” Gerbach, in very nice and charming surroundings,
an existing small wind farm (near a huge solar power plant) has recently been extended with an E-126 7,5MW turbine, work has been finished in October 2010.
At that occasion, during an interview for the German ZDF TV channel, on 15 October 2010, founder Matthias Willenbacher of this wind farm developer JUWI Holding AG
announces this is only the first of many repowerings with the E-126 turbine. Indeed, he explains, one E-126 delivers a higher annual production than 4 or even more
older wind turbines it replaces, and moreover, the E-126 is said to be capable of maintaining its production during a 30 or even 40 year lifetime
(The latter as mentioned by Enecon representative Dipl-Ing. Bernhard Fink, talking to wind energy correspondent Eize De Vries).
Meanwhile in the Netherlands, Dick van Elk, The Dutch president of ‘De Windvogel’, a wind turbine cooperation especially for citizens turbine co-ownership,
mentions in his march 2010 magazine ‘De Windvaan’, why for him an E-126 is extremely interesting. As he explains, the power output of only one such E-126 is equal
to the 100 wind turbines Lagerwey 75 KW as being build by his organization 20 years ago !... Therefore he suggests to the government a systematic use of such powerful turbines,
offering much more electricity with much less turbines than actually already existing in the Netherlands, and as such capable to meet the European renewable requirements.

Schaalkwestie :
Wat is nu eigenlijk het schaalverschil tussen een 2 MW turbine op 108m of 138m mast (de actuele 'standaards' namelijk)
in vergelijking met de nieuwe E-126 van 7,5 MW ? Zie daartoe onderstaande figuur, die tracht via foto-combinatie het beeld te tonen
indien zulke E-126/7,5MW op identieke afstand zou staan naast een E82/2MW op de 2 hoogtestandaarden zijnde 108m mast en 138m mast.
Ik neem aan dat je het eens kan zijn met de vaststelling, dat de schaalperceptie bij de sprong van 2 MW naar 7,5 MW geen probleem is, immers :
de ruimtelijke dynamiek vanuit visuele perceptie van een 2 MW of een 7,5 MW situeert zich simpelweg in dezelfde orde van grootte!
Er is WEL een ander verschil : de nieuwe 7,5 MW E-126 heeft een ruim hogere efficiëntie, ingebouwde intelligente gridstabilisatie, spectaculair
grotere hoeveelheid groene stroom, en is ontworpen op een ruim langere levensduur van 30 à 40 jaar (i.p.v. 20 jaar) !
Inzake onshore windenergie is de 7,5 MW dan ook een welgekomen generatiesprong voorwaarts : meer groene stroom met minder turbines met langere levensduur.
Bovendien blijken de E-126 turbines bovendien te worden geapprecieerd om hun elegante uiterlijk,
ze ogen sierlijk in een landschap en draaien met prettige traagheid, de traagst draaiende ter wereld !
Scale issue: new 7,5 MW wind turbine compared to actual 2 MW wind turbines on 108m and 138m mast heights.
Where is the problem?... Yes there IS a difference : a much higher efficiency for a 7,5 MW turbine,
as well as grid stabilizing built-in hardware, transforming those new class into real state of the art power stations,
such with the same outlook but lower rotational speed as the actual 2 MW class, but supporting 3,5 time as many households.
Moreover this new generation 7,5 MW E-126 turbine has been designed for an at least 30 till 40 year lifetime,
the latter again according to Enercon statements.

                                                        Read about the necessity of an urgent transition on my other website.
The immature human species - we - is the actuator, the prime player and the cause of the ‘Antropocene’, we are devastating at a tremendous pace our living planet,
transforming it into a non-living one. Today biodiversity is ever faster collapsing, and on that damned CO2-sensitive changing climate
we have unfortunately too many reasons to be very, very concerned !
It seems that within the next years (or at best decades) we will be reaching the point where it's no longer up to us, but to nature, taking over suddenly
what will be the frightening course, when fenomenal runaway positive feedbacks being the non-lineair picture science has uncovered, will be soaring - read James Hansen et al.
Biodiversity collapse as well as climate change towards an horrific inhospitable and unrecognizable planet means that we as a species are committing suicide,
a suicide that you and me are preparing today - unintentionally - for the fatally atrocious screaming, suffering, starving and dying victims being our children and grandchildren.
That’s the information science provides us in 2010. The time we have to prevent this full scale nightmare to happen, runs out extremely fast (actually the pre-nightmare has already begun).
Inform you, read for instance this 12 page pdf about just one specific October 2010 study, and about the scientific truth as top climatologist James Hansen has explained us.
Be aware that a 2+ degree world is doomed to evolve very fast into a 3+ degree world, being doomed to roll into a 4+ degree world, and so on,
till a new equilibrium above an horrifying +6 à +9 degree world is reached, impossible to survive for mankind and almost every living species.
And be aware that the political often still used 450ppm-CO2 limit will be desastrous, that we have to descent quickly under 350 ppm CO2-eq., read James Hansen.
Be also aware of our actual CO2-pumping behaviour by deforestation, ocean acidification and disturbance of that huge CO2 sink capacity,
our meat-culture also with a huge disturbance of CO2 sink capacity AND an enormous CH4 source being a dangerous forcing, and last but not least our energy gaining,
see therefore this CO2-emissions exerption from the July 2010 International Energy Outlook (2010 surpassing 30 billion metric tons CO2 from
fossil fuel burning, and... worldwide in 2009 at least 312 billion dollar subsidies for fossil energy - compared with 57 billion for renewable energy).
A very deep practical and mental TRANSITION towards a totally new designed macro-economic world (read Tim Jackson: "Prosperity without growth"),
is the only chance we possibly have to counter this overwhelming super threat. If we could succeed to meet the planetary requirements
very, very soon, we may still have a chance to save ourselves (our children – grandchildren) and the living planet as such.
There is a phenomenal bonus : as we succeed, our species will suddenly be transformed into a mature coplayer within the
whole planetary living system, becoming a new homo sapiens sapiens, for the first time worth carrying the meaning of that name.
                                                                Could such good news be in our reach?
                                                                 See more info on my other website.
So, that's why I'm expressing my deep concerns,
begging for much faster and much more intensified and increasingly build CO2-poor renewable energy supplies.

           Click on the small graph to open it as a separate window with readable resolution.
           Does the meaning shocks you as much as it did to me?
The fastest and most affordable wedges today (among many others) for such increase are deep cuts in our energy use, and a steep increase in wind energy.
Especially the onshore part can be realised fast at affordbable costs (half the offshore cost) and is best suited for cooperative exploitation in direct favour of regional citizens/co-owners.
Another aspect is that windfarms surely will be a wedge "used" as soon as the unavoidable reality dooms, when leaders want to act in terms of
an enormous "American-WorldWar-II-after-PearlHarbor---style" effort. There are reasons to fear such approach will effectively be seen... when it's too late.
Albeit there remains a chance for such approach as really saving action.
And that's why strong bottom - up directions in transition-behavior (large and small scale) can make the difference - read Peter Tom Jones and Vicky Demeyere, "Terra Reversa".

Two last notes:
1.-- Quousque tandem abutere, Flandria, patientiam nostram,... when I read this about the Walloon region.
Will Flemisch people still be discussing the lifeboat colours they deserve, before considering to leave the sinking Titanic during its last seconds ?
Or : will they still be discussing their nice outlooks or 'horizon contaminations' to be avoided, regardless the kind of crisis involved ?
I hope I see this wrong (and, forgive me this sarcasm due to my urgency feeling and my deep existential concerns).

hypothetical windfarm Flanders with 7+ MW turbines : yes-or-no.
2.-- And... whoops ! As there would be a tendency in wind industry business towards the direct drive system
(such as Enercon uses, and Siemens, AMSC and others have in development),
there is great dependency of rare earths such as Neodymium (for Neodymium-Iron-Boron permanent magnets).
Of course that dependency plays as well for gear box turbines but it concerns smaller quantities per turbine.
And than... you have to read about this recent Chinese protectionistic measure,
quoting export rates heavily downwards since their own wind energy business is booming extremely fast -
and China indeed controls till 97% of the Neodymium containing minerals worldwide.
Mankind learns too slowly?... while we all have so much in common: the same ultimate planetary challenge! (as European commissioner
for climate Connie Hedegaard emphasized in her sept.2010 speech for our difficult 'SUV-driving addicted' US friends).
Possibly one has to shift towards the American high-temperature superconductivity materials solution?
But it isn't clear for me whether this approach makes any difference at all at the needed amount of Neodymium.
An ad hoc study named 'global resource depletion' (André Diederen, publ. Oct.2010, ed. Eburon) is an ad hoc implementation of
the EROI problem (Energy-Return-On-Energy-Investment) as Thomas Homer-Dixon has so well explained us.
This study is as a splendid echo of the now starting Neodymium story, moreover
the study shows the phenomenal creativity being asked by deep transitions.
'Global Resource depletion, managed austerity and the elements of hope', a 103 page booklet, is a very important source of knowledge
in order to understand our (near) future! Please read it!

the very real asked creativity is a mental one, being a vision paradigm-shift,
as a smooth catalysator for the now unthinkable becoming then evident solutions...
Therefore it's of utmost importance we understand the meaning of the just-once ever availability
of a high EROI - high exergy fossil fuel era, from now on descending towards a low EROI - low exergy society.
The next graph ought to be as soon as possible imprinted in our collective consciousness,
yes, that old 1958 Martin King Hubbert graph, please be aware of the meaning, so that this meaning
at last can start to become a very evident premise... helping us to accept an EVIDENT transistion !

I fear a misconception is still rampant, thinking that, as a solution for the after-peak-oil challenge as well as
the CO2 lowering climate paradigm, mankind should focus on the substitution of the former oil based energy supply
by a kind of ‘variant but equal’ world, the same as today but now driven by a not-oil-based energy supply.
The low EROI and exergy consequences will inevitably force mankind to reinvent and manage a new, low energy world,
and definitely not a ‘substitute’ high energy world.
Because it’s impossible.
And thanks god it’s impossible !! Because it’s only in totally different circumstances
our living planet can find the conditions needed to survive the now still swelling but then waning anthropocene.
- - - - - - -
For a thorough understanding, with the insights from thirty different specialists,
of the enormity and interwoven nature of the worldwide 'anthropocene problems',
please read the recent American 600 pages 'Post Carbon Reader' as really valuable guide.
Dutch speaking people can find a very good guidance in 'Terra Incognita' (problems),
and more important 'Terra Reversa' (solution directions),
the latter being a transition managing track just as the American 'Post Carbon Reader'.

           I.____ Op 'n apart webstekje ESTINNES-VIEWS WITH A MESSAGE, voor wie graag filosofeert.
                        For those who like to muse and philosophize, some Pictures with a MESSAGE.
           II.____ Op een ander apart webstekje een BOEKEN selectie rond democratie, transitie, klimaat en leven die me inspireerden.
                        Some recent, inspiring BOOKS concerning democracy, climate change, transition, the living planet.
           III.____ Op nog een andere webstek gedachten rond klimaat + paniek, transitie, hoop, windenergie i.f.v. energie-transitie.
                        Some thoughts about climate change, panic, hope, transition, energy transition and wind energy.

© tony aerts 2010