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Archim. Grigorios D. Papathomas

Professor at “Saint Serge” Institute of Orthodox Theology of Paris;

Associated Professor at the “European Inter-University Programme of Doctoral formation in Ecclesiastical Law Socrates-Gratianus(Paris)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The presence of Theology in Europe:

 

A European Plan for the future

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A. The historical background of the European Initiative

B. Perspectives – Establishment of a “Forum of Orthodox Theological Schools” (EFOST)

C. Epilogue (Post scriptum)

D. Appendix (3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

6th International Congress of Higher Orthodox Theological Schools (5-10 October 2004)

on the subject : « The Orthodox Theology and the Contemporary World »

organised by the Patriarchate and the Theological Schools of Bulgaria

Theological School of Sofia

Sofia 7.10. 2004

Prof. Hdr. Archim. Grigorios D. Papathomas                    Sofia, 7 October 2004

 

 

 

The presence of Theology in Europe:

A European Plan for the future

 

 

         A new page has been opened for Theology and Theological Edification and Education, for the first time in this form, in Europe and specifically in the European Union, which, just ten years ago (1993), began to emerge as an institution in the forefront of History. Indeed, with the commencement of the Academic year 2003-2004 (October 2003) the European Commission expressed a wish and interest in inaugurating an institutional collaboration within an educational framework of Tertiary Education with all the Christian Theological Schools of Europe “of all orientations” (Catholic, Protestant and Orthodox), as expressed in the founding invitation (Brussels, November 2003) for a broader collaboration. It is, therefore, very important to consider this new perspective that is unfolding before us and give it the attention it deserves, since it involves our theological presence, the study of theology and our theological martyrdom in Europe.

 

*****

 

         First of all, the recent accession of ten (10) new Member States (1st May 2004) to the present fifteen (15) Member States of the European Community signifies a new form of historical existence of the European Union, transforming it into a “Europe of four horizons” and a “Europe of five seas”. This increase in the number of Nation-Members automatically means an increase in pluralism and diversity, as well as the definite acceptance of collective and cultural otherness. Indeed, after more than 50 years of difficult, uninterrupted and successful work in preparing the institutional infrastructure of the new geo-political entity of the European Union the road has opened for a more distinct-concrete institutional relation and broader collaboration with the spiritual powers of the 25 Member States of the European Union. Within the European Union’s initiative, which we will present below, we indeed can see a desire for collaboration with the spiritual powers that exist within its territory, a collaboration without prejudices that may arise from any negative historic past experience and without partial a priori. In an environment where particularities and diversity are both trusted and respected, the European Union, and specifically the European Commission, recently expressed its wish to inaugurate new forms of collaboration with the Theological Schools of Europe and with any University that is monitored by Ecclesiastical, Theological or other similar organisations that it called “Oriented” Universities. It is apparent that this proposed collaboration and communication has to do with the “theological become” in Europe, since, in this manner, it incorporates Theology, theological research and theological life into the powers that contributed and that will continue to contribute to the reconstruction of the European Union. This is a long-term initiative and will prove to be of significant importance for the presence of Theology in Europe.

 

         A. The historical background of the European Initiative

 

         In the autumn of 2003, the European Commission, in collaboration with the “University and Research European Centre” [Centro Europeo Università e Ricerca (C.E.U.R.)], which is seated in Milan, drafted a Plan with regard to the “Oriented Universities” of Europe. The European Commission proposed a participating and joint collaboration: (a) the European Commission would undertake the responsibility of economical cover of the Plan, while (b) the “University and Research European Centre” (C.E.U.R.) would undertake the responsibility of its implementation. The Plan involved, on a sample basis, 20 Universities and Theological Schools of Western Europe (based on the criterion that these Universities and Schools are French-speaking simply for reasons of facilitating the Plan’s implementation). The European Commission invited these Schools to participate in a one-day Meeting in Brussels and to form an Administrating Scientific Committee of Universities and Experts. Our Institute, the “Saint Serge” Orthodox Theological Institute of Paris, received the invitation, which was addressed to Dean Protopresbyter Fr Boris Bobrinskoy, on 24 November 2003. The Dean, in reply to the Institute’s participation, deemed that the Archim. Grigorios Papathomas was the most suitable person to represent the Institute due to his expertise in European affairs. The Prof. Archim. Grigorios Papathomas attended the Conference following a decision of the Institute’s Council of Professors (Minutes of the Meeting of 9 December 2003, p. 3). The Meeting was held on 26 of January 2004 in Brussels. The text of the invitation is presented below:

 

Core project presented by the Foundation “European Centre University and Research”

(CEUR) to the European Commission that has granted a financial support.

 

“ORIENTED” UNIVERSITIES IN EUROPE

 

         «Role and action of “Oriented” Universities, of any religious/philosophical orientation, to spread values as well as ethical and spiritual sources of Europe’s building up (tolerance, solidarity and pluralism) — with a special regard to cultural differences within the context of the European Union’s enlargement.

         » The first step involves a one-day Meeting between the members of the Scientific Committee and the Experts, which will be held on 26 January 2004 in Brussels.

         » The purpose of this Meeting is to organise a European Conference that will address issues that regard their relations and prepare a Questionnaire on the activity and organisation of the “Oriented” Universities of Europe and the manner by which these Universities will be recognised by Administrative Organisations. The main part of the Questionnaire will concern the spread of values founding the European building up (tolerance, solidarity and pluralism) through higher Education and specific initiatives.

         » The Questionnaire will be distributed within the following months and its results will be presented at the European Conference. The establishment of a Forum of “Oriented” Universities of Europe for the diffusion of the fundamental principles of European cosmogony, with the purpose of creating a dynamic network of “Oriented” Universities and collaboration, will constitute a continuation of this preparatory conference.

         » In order to support these activities and in order to strengthen this network technical on-line communication means will be created on the Web-site of the European Inter-University Foundation “University and Research European Centre” [C.E.U.R. (www.ceur.it)] that will enable visitors to exchange information and experiences relating to initiatives for the diffusion of the fundamental values of European integration.

         » Other activities were also scheduled, such as visits on behalf of the members of the Scientific Committee and of the Plan’s Directors to “Oriented” Universities of Europe and contacts with the “European Conference of Rectors” (C.R.E.) and with organisations that develop a dynamic network, such as for example the “Federation of European Catholic Universities” (F.U.C.E.).

         » Recapitulating, the purpose of this first stage is to create a network of “Oriented” Universities of all religious or philosophical orientations that will promote dialogue on the initiatives for the diffusion of the fundamental values of European integration.

         » Subsequently, the main activity involves establishing a European Conference that will focus on the Plan’s title. This Conference will be held over three days in Milan at the Catholic University in September 2004. Approximately 15 participants are expected to attend the Conference, of which 13 will arrive from various countries of the European Union and from Countries that are candidates for accession there to. The invitation will be addressed to all “Oriented” Universities of the European Union of all religious or philosophical orientations.

         » The Conference, in an environment that promotes dialogue, will offer the “Oriented” Universities the opportunity to exchange their experiences relating to initiatives that aim at the diffusion of values, ethics and spiritual sources of European reconstruction.

         » The Conference will also define the extensive guidelines with the purpose of establishing a joint action that will allow for the diffusion of these values. It will especially emphasise the issue of specialisation of the Schools’ academic personnel of each case and level, and, if possible, the initiatives that effectuate a network that aims at diffusing the fundamental values of European integration within the Schools (e.g. infrastructure of information science, network manuals, etc.).

         » The interventions that will take place during the Conference shall be called to take into consideration the proceedings of the Forum that is under establishment and to propose initiatives that will contribute to the Plan’s primary purpose. In this view, the Forum’s regular periods of proceedings, those that are established within the proceedings that are already being carried out, will be periods in which initiatives will be scheduled and incorporated within the network.

         » The Conference should lead to the preparation of a common text and the establishment of a schedule of biannual Meetings of the “Oriented” Universities of all religious or philosophical orientations with the characteristic of the principles of tolerance, solidarity and pluralism.

         » Moreover, the Minutes of the Conference will be published over the Web-site of the network and the primary result will be the establishment of a continuous Forum that shall act as the competent body for the implementation of the network and the promotion and collaboration of initiatives with the purpose of diffusing the fundamental values, ethics and spiritual sources of European reconstruction».

 

         On Monday, 26 January 2004, all the representatives of the Theological Schools-Universities, with the exception of two justified absentees, as well as the appointed Experts of the European Commission and the “University and Research European Centre” (CEUR) attended the Meeting. Together, they rightfully formed the Administrating Scientific Committee, which, from that day, in collaboration with the European Commission and the “University and Research European Centre” (CEUR), undertook the responsibility of implementing the Plan.

 

         During the Meeting and following a comprehensive discussion, the exchange of views and the submission of proposals, the following were decided:

 

1)      The establishment of an institutional collaboration with the “Oriented Universities” and Theological Schools of Europe.

2)      Recording the “Oriented Universities” that are presently established and operate within the European territory.

3)      Familiarisation with the “Oriented Universities” and Theological Schools based on a Questionnaire which would be subsequently prepared for this purpose (CEUR).

4)      Organising a European Congress in Milan between 3-5 September 2004 in order to process the Questionnaire’s results and to commence proceedings with regard to the future based on the decisions that shall be reached at the Conference of Milan.

 

Analytically, in practice these decisions respectively implied the following:

 

1) The establishment of an Administrating Scientific Committee through an explicit acquiescent procedure and an environment of reciprocity in effect inaugurated the institutional collaboration between the European Commission and the “Oriented” Universities and Theological Schools of Europe. The primary concern now is its preservation.

 

2) Preparatory work would be required in order to record all of the “Oriented Universities” of the European Union and to form a concise and comprehensive list that would document the official title, quality, administrative and social seat, rector and/or dean of the respective University or Theological School as well as the reference Church. This work is of primary concern, but in order to be carried out a Special Committee would need to be formed. During the afternoon of this Meeting, the Administrating Scientific Committee decided to form an inter-confessional Five-Member Executive Committee based on the Confessional ratios of the “Oriented Universities” and Theological Schools in Europe. Thus, it was decided that this Executive Committee would be comprised of three Professors-members of catholic origin, one of protestant origin and one of orthodox origin. Together they would undertake the responsibility of recording the “Oriented Universities” and Theological Schools of the 25 Member States of the European Union of their confession on behalf of the European Commission and under the supervision of the Administrating Scientific Committee. The procedure that was followed and the structure of the Committees that were established are presented below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

         The members of the Five-Member Executive Committee who were recommended during the evening conference were:

 

1) Giorgio Feliciani, Vice-President of the “University and Research European Centre” (CEUR) and Professor at the Catholic Institute of Milan.

2) Francesco Margiotta-Broglio, Professor at the University of Florence.

3) Patrick Valdrini, Rector of the Catholic Institute of Paris.

4) André Birmelé, Dean of the Protestant Theology Faculty of the University of Marc Bloch of Strasbourg, and

5) Archim. Grigorios Papathomas, Professor of the “Saint Serge” Orthodox Theological Institute of Paris.

 

         This Five-Member Executive Committee was instructed to prepare the tripartite lists in approximately one month (February 2004) and to send them to the “University and Research European Centre” (CEUR). In its turn the CEUR was called to send the questionnaire, which in the meantime had been elaborated, to all the “Oriented Universities” and Theological Schools of the 25 Member States of the European Union.

 

         At this point of the procedure the Orthodox member of the Five-Member Executive Committee submitted a clarifying question-request: Whether the Theological Schools of the three countries that have been chosen for accession in 2007, namely Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey, may be incorporated in the Orthodox Theological Schools of the 25 Member States of the European Union, based on the objective argument that such an important work should be concluded in one stage and not in two (2004 and 2007) so that the Theological Schools of these countries may be prepared for and sensitised to the joint European effort and the new forms of collaboration. The response of the majority of the members of the Administrating Executive Committee was at first negative. The majority of the members based their response on the programmatic argument that such a Plan must be prepared on present institutional facts and not on likely facts that may arise in the future. At this point a discussion followed. Given that these three countries have many Orthodox Schools (21 Theological Schools to be exact) with a burdened past marked with difficulties in relation to the political regimes of Eastern Europe and due to the fact that the Plan aspired to have a long-term effect, the Administrating Scientific Committee decided finally to accept the incorporation of these Schools into the aforementioned lists and the collaboration therewith without any distinction or special treatment.

 

         This was a very favourable decision for the future of the Orthodox Theological Schools of Europe, but it also constituted an indicative sign that the European institutions were flexible and had a vision. At this point a supplementary proposal was introduced to incorporate Switzerland into the Plan, given that Switzerland already has a relation of collaboration and exchange with European Community Universities. Thus, the process of the group of Orthodox Theological Schools presupposed now 29 (25+3+1) European countries. Finally, the tables/lists were sent to the “University and Research European Centre” (CEUR) within the stipulated time (early March 2004).

 

3) The Administrating Scientific Committee prepared a Draft Questionnaire, which Giancarlo Rovatti, Professor of Methodology of Social Research at the Catholic University of Milan, would complete within the interim period until the date the three tables (Catholic, Protestant and Orthodox) would be submitted by the Five-Member Executive Committee (early March 2004). This Questionnaire was sent to all the “Oriented Universities” and Theological Schools of the 25 Member States of the European Union and to all the Schools of the Countries that have been chosen for accession to the European Community (2007) in two languages (English and French). For a more immediate and broad apprehension of this undertaking, the Questionnaire is presented as an appendix at the end of the present lecture (Appendix 1).

 

         Moreover, when the “University and Research European Centre” (CEUR) sent the questionnaire, the Schools were give a two-month deadline to send in their replies, in other words until June 2004, so that Professor Giancarlo Rovatti, the competent Professor of this aspect of the Plan’s implementation, may be able to present the results of the research as well as comparative results during the upcoming European Conference. This entailed a very laborious task given the fact that not all Schools responded to the Questionnaire (Orthodox Theological Schools were less responsive than other Schools) or that some schools did not promptly send in their replies. Consequently, the results were processed in the summer and were presented to us at the European Conference of Milan in beginning of September 2004.

 

4) The 1st European Conference of Milan of “Oriented Universities” and Theological Schools of the 25 Member States of the European Union (3-5 September 2005) had an extensive agenda and was of particular interest with regard to the future plans and the institutional and collaborating existence of the Theological Schools in Europe (see Appendix 2). The competent persons of the European Commission and the “University and Research European Centre” (CEUR) and those of the “Oriented Universities” and the Theological Schools, as well as representatives of Churches, journalists, students, and other persons attended the Conference. The Agenda was comprised of two main parts: (a) the presentation of comparative results and of the perspectives that are opening for collaboration among Theological Schools and between Theological Schools and the European Union, and (b) the promotion and development much more of the inter-Christian and the inter-Religious dialogue. Some of the details of the proceedings of this three-day European Conference are presented in the “Final Document” that is presented at the end of the present text (Appendix 3). The Programme was as follow:

 

·        In the afternoon of Friday 3rd September, general reports were presented on “Oriented” Universities in Europe, on professors’ status as well as on the recognition of degrees. The Rector was asked to present the opening report on the subject: “Oriented Universities today in Europe”.

·        In the morning and the afternoon of Saturday 4th September two roundtables were organised to take also the results of the Questionnaire into account. The first was related to the space given by the European institution to “Oriented” Universities’ teaching and initiatives. The second was concern the contribution given by “Oriented” Universities to inter-religious dialogue as well as to initiatives spreading the values founding the European building up.

·        In the morning of Sunday 5th September closing reports and the outline of a common document of “Oriented” Universities’ on the policy and action for the spread of values founding the European building up (tolerance, solidarity and pluralism) was presented as well as on the creation of new networks.

 

         What is quite interesting is that the participants expressed a wish and proposal to form three representative collective Associations with the purpose of maintaining the confessional identity (acceptance of otherness) and achieving an interfaith collaboration (communion). Catholic “Oriented Universities” have already proceeded in forming a “Federation of European Catholic Universities” (F.U.C.E.) — within the “International Federation of Catholic Universities” (F.I.U.C.) — and have acquired experience in inter-catholic inter-university collaboration. The Protestant and Orthodox Theological Schools must now in turn form a collective Association (Federation or Forum) that will strengthen the relations between the Theological Schools, first on an inter-family basis and subsequently on an inter-Christian basis. Finally, we should note that Protestant Theological Schools have some inter-family difficulties to form such a plan, and there is still a long road ahead. The current situation, however, is more expedient for Orthodox Theological Schools and the time has come for these Schools to establish not a Federation but a Forum, being that it is a more flexible collective institutional Body, which shall respond to the new demands of the new ages but also to a fourfold mission: inter-European, inter-Orthodox, inter-Christian and inter-Religious.

 

 

         B. Perspectives–Establishment of a “Forum of Orthodox Theological Schools”

 

         Based on the aforementioned, it becomes apparent that new perspectives are forming for Theology, Theological studies, theological collaboration and inter-Christian/inter-Religious dialogue in Europe, provided the Theological Schools promptly discern the concurrence and express a desire for collaboration and respond to this common call and to this common effort.

 

         Thus, in response to the perspective of the common visions of the European Conference of Milan, of the visions of enhancing Theological studies, of collaboration and dialogue, we propose, among other things, the establishment of a “European Forum of Orthodox Theological Schools”. This Forum will undertake the task of promptly studying and elaborating the proposals for a European foundation and collaboration, and based on the principles of European Edification of Bologna (19-6-1999) it will seek an inter-Orthodox theological collaboration and communication and inter-Christian theological collaboration and will contribute to the development of an inter-Religious dialogue in Europe. Based on a preliminary work that we have already carried out and on the dossiers that were distributed per Theological School, we would like to submit the following proposal for the establishment, structure, operation and perspectives of the aforementioned European Orthodox Theological Forum.

 

 

 

 

 

         As it appears in the diagram, apart from the proposal for the Forum’s establishment, a proposal has also been submitted with regard to the structure of the Administrative Body (Board of directors) and the criteria that will govern its establishment, without of course any commitment for the future. The criteria are of a participating and representative nature. The four-year structure and term will depend of course on the volition of the General Assembly of the Forum of European Orthodox Theological Schools that will be held within the framework of the International Congresses of Orthodox Theological Schools, which, as it has been decided, will be held every two years. For the time being and for the next four years (2004-2008) we propose that the Board of Directors have the following structure:

 

·        One representative from countries where the majority of the citizens are orthodox, since they have a substantial number of Theological Schools. In other words a representative from Bulgaria, Greece and Romania (a total of 3 representatives). Each one of these three members will represent the Theological Schools of his country.

·        The orthodox member of the Five-Member Executive Committee who shall constitute the link between the Forum and the European Commission, as the fourth member.

·        The representative of the Orthodox Theological Centre of Brussels as the fifth member, since, for the Forum’s more efficient and effective operation, we propose that its seat be established in Brussels, at this Theological Centre. The fifth (5) member must be at all times the General Secretary of the Board of Directors of the Forum.

 

         Finally, we propose that this first historic Board of Directors undertake the following immediate and medium-term objectives:

 

   The Forum’s organisation.

   The preparation of the Forum’s Statutes that will be submitted for approval before the Belgium Authorities.

   The creation of the Forum’s Web-site.

   The interconnection of the Theological Schools, to the extent that this is possible.

   The preparation of the Forum’s General Assembly for 2008.

   A preliminary elaboration of a unified and common Programme of Studies for all European Orthodox Theological Schools, so that students and professors may be exchanged within the framework of mobility of the Universities of Europe, according to the principles of Bologna.

 

         All of this provides indicative information as to how we can act together for our common theological future. I would like to conclude with an ascertainment: we presently have two established positions in the theological world: the position from initiatives and the position from reaction. The first position is the characteristic of diachronic Orthodox Theology, while the second is the position of confessional, national(istic) and fundamentalist theology, the position that selects reaction from reaction toward others. The Orthodox Church developed the inter-religious (see St John of Damascus [8th century][1], St Gregory of Palamas and others [8th-14th centuries][2], with the Muslims) and inter-Christian dialogue [see proposal of the Ecumenical Patriarchate with the circulars of 1902 and 1904, as well as its determinant proposal for the future of dialogue with regard to the establishment of a “Society of Churches” (1920)). It is up to us, and on a theological level, to take hold of the baton and continue on the theological path that, of course, has a beginning middle and end!… The European initiative on Theology surely has to do with, knowingly or unknowingly, this path…

 

                                                                                     I thank you

 

 

         C. Epilogue (Post-scriptum)

 

         The views and proposals that were presented above and that were submitted before the plenary of the congressional body during the 6th International Congress of Orthodox Theological Schools, which was held in Sofia, Bulgaria (5-10 October 2004) and during the electoral and constitutive Assembly of 7 October were accepted. Specifically, the proposed Forum was established under the official title “European Forum of Orthodox Schools of Theology” and the official abbreviation “E.F.O.S.T.”, the Board of Directors was elected and the general principles of its actuality and future activities we defined. All of the above appear in the “Final Voting” of the 6th International Congress of Orthodox Theological Schools (see the present Volume Minutes of the Congress of Sofia) and in a Press Release that was issued for this purpose, as required:

 

Sixth Congress of Higher Orthodox Theological Schools

Sofia, Bulgaria (5-10 October 2004)

 

 

COMMUNIQUÉ

(in English)

 

 

Following upon the initiative of the European Commission of [26] January 2004 con­cer­ning the “Oriented Universities” in Europe, and in connection with the Sixth Congress of Or­thodox Theological Schools, held in Sofia (5-10 October 2004), the Orthodox Schools of Theology in the EU Member States gathered and decided to establish a “European Forum of Orthodox Schools of Theology” (E.F.O.S.T.-EU). This Forum, including all participating Schools and acting in consensus with the non-EU Theological Schools, decided on 7 October 2004 to adopt the following principal goals:

 

a) to intensify cooperation among all European Orthodox Schools of Theology at all levels of their activity;

b) to promote contacts and exchanges with other “Oriented Universities” in the EU;

c) to participate more actively in inter-Christian and inter-Religious dialogue in the light of the EU expansion and of a pluralistic civil society;

d) to launch an ongoing cooperation with the European Commission and with Eu­ro­pean Institutions on educational matters within their competence.

 

This Forum will be a university educational association with its seat in Brussels. A Presidium was elected for a four-year term (2004-2008), consisting of the following persons:

 

1. President: Prof. Hdr. Archimandrite Grigorios Papathomas, “Saint Sergius” Institute of Orthodox Theology of Paris (France) and European Inter-University Pro­gramme of doctoral formation Socrates-Gratianus.

2. Vice-President: Dean Prof. Dr. Emile Traitchev, Faculty of Theology, “Saint Kliment” U­ni­versity of Sofia (Bulgaria).

3. Secretary General: Director Prof. Christophe D’Aloisio, Center of Orthodox Theology of Brussels (Belgium).

4. Treasurer: Ass. Prof. Dr. Radu Preda, Faculty of Orthodox Theology of Cluj-Napoca (Ro­mania).

5. Member: Dean Prof. Dr. Christos Oikonomou, Faculty of Theology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece).

 

The Assembly, which has constituted the E.F.O.S.T., assigns to the Presidium the fol­lowing tasks:

• to inform appropriate persons and institutions of the establishment of the Forum;

• to draft Statutes to be submitted to the Belgian Authorities for legalisation;

• to make every possible effort towards establishing contact among the European Schools of The­ology (meetings, joint declarations, etc.) with a view to gathering them in the Ple­nary Assembly in 2008;

• to achieve the principal goals of the E.F.O.S.T. in a timely and efficient manner.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                     Appendix

 

 

 

 

Appendix 1 : “Tendancy Universities Project : Question form”

Appendix 2 : International Conference “Oriented” Universities for Europe

                                                                  (Milan, 3rd-5th September, 2004)

Appendix 3 : Final Document of the Milan Conference

 

 

Appendix 1

 

 

TENDENCY UNIVERSITIES PROJECT

Question form

 

 

 

NA      Name of the University (please detail)

......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

 

EF       Name of the person/s (and/or corporation/s) who established the University (please detail)

......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

 

                                                                                                                             code            | paragraph

                                                                                                            |

NQ            Number of the question form                                                                       ........... | (1-3)

                                                                                                                                                |

V1       Date of foundation of the University                                                           ........... | (4-7)

|

V2       Main orientation of the University                                                                  |

V2.1    Which is the main orientation of the University?                                        |

-            Religious/denominational                                                                        1     |  (8)

-            Philosofical                                                                                              2     |

-            Other                                                                                                        3     |

V2.2    Which is the religious/philosophical mould of the University?                |

-            Catholic                                                                                                   1     |  (9)

-            Orthodox                                                                                                 2     |

-            Other christian denomination (*)..........................................                         |

...............................................................................................       3     |

-            Judaic                                                                                                      4     |

-            Islamic                                                                                                      5     |

-            Philosophic/non denominational                                                                6     |

-            Philantropic                                                                                              7     |

-            Other (please detail) .............................................................                                   |

...............................................................................................       8     |

                                                                                                                                                |

V3       Who the University refers to?                                                                                |

-            Denominational authority (please detail) .............................                           |

...............................................................................................       1     |

-            Religious institution (please detail) .......................................                             |

..............................................................................................            .                2     |

-            Denominational association/organization (please detail) ........                |

..............................................................................................            .                3     |

-            Non denominational philosophic association/fellowship                                    |

(please detail) .........................................................................                4     |

-            Other (please detail) ...............................................................                     |

...............................................................................................       5     |

                                                                                                                                                |

V4       Which European universities' networks the University partecipate in?       |

-            European Chancellor meeting                                                    1     |  (11)

-            Federation of the European Catholic Universities                                  2     |

-            Other (detail) ........................................................................                                    |

...............................................................................................       3     |

                                                                                                                                                |

V5       Which is the University's legal status?                                                               |

-            Non-profit corporation                                                                      1     |  (12)

-            Ecclesiastic institution                                                                              2     |

-            Charity trust                                                                                              3     |

-            Non-profit agency                                                                                4     |

-            Other (detail) .......................................................................                         |

..............................................................................................                    5     |

                                                                                                                                                |

V6       Which is the main source of funding of the University?                            |

(please detail the percentage of the total amount of fundings)                                 |

V6.1    -            State funding                                                                                              ........... |  (13)

V6.2    -            Regional funding                                                                               ........... |  (14)

V6.3    -            Student fees                                                                                        ........... |  (15)

V6.4    -            Gifts                                                                                                   ........... |  (16)

V6.5    -            Property income                                                                                ........... |  (17)

V6.6    -            Funding by denominations                                                                        ........... |  (18)

V6.7    -            Funding by philosophic organizations                                      ........... |  (19)

V6.8    -            Funds by who established the University                                          ........... |  (20)

V6.9    -            Other (please detail) ...........................................................                                     |

............................................................................................                ........... |  (21)

TOTAL                                                                                                  100,0  |

                                                                                                                                    |

                                                                                                                                    |

Recruiting procedures and professors' legal status

                                                                                                                                                |

V7       Which are the University's recruiting procedures and regolations?               |

-            Exactly alike those that the law provides for public universities         1     |  (22)

-            Alike those that the law provides for public universities, with                 |

some differences                                                                                    2     |

-            Far different                                                                                                   3     |

                                                                                                                                    |

V8       How does the University recruit its professors?                                                    |

(please detail the percentage of the total)                                                                      |

V8.1    -            By public competition                                                                ........... |  (23)

V8.2    -            By competion within the persons already teaching                                              |

in the University                                                                             ........... |  (24)

V8.3    -            By private agreement                                                                  ........... |  (25)

V8.4    -            By selection by ways of public announcements/calls            ........... |  (26)

V8.5    -            By appointment (*) (if yes, please answer to question V.9)                ........... |  (27)

V8.6    -            Other (please detail) .........................................................                           |

............................................................................................                ........... |  (28)

TOTAL                                                                                                  100,0  |

                                                                                                                                    |

V9       (*) How is the University's procedure to appoint professors?                            |

-            By preventive authorization to be granted by the competent                   |

Church Authority                                                                                     1     |  (29)

-            By preventive authorization to be granted by:  who established                  |

the University ot the denomination or the philosophic                             |

association                                                                                                 2     |

-            Other (please detail) ...........................................................                                     |

............................................................................................                      3     |

                                                                                                                                                |

V10     Which are the University's regulations and professors' legal status                 |

-            Exactly alike those that the laws provides for public universities        1     |  (30)

-            Alike those that the law provides for public universities, with                 |

some differences                                                                                    2     |

-            Far different                                                                                                   3     |

                                                                                                                                                |

V11     Which is the legal status of teaching persons employed by the University?            |

(please detail the percentage of the total)                                                                      |

V11.1  -            Permanent position                                                                            ........... |  (31)

V11.2  -            Employment contract for an undefinite period of time            ........... |  (32)

V11.3  -            Fixed Term employment contract                                                          ........... |  (33)

V11.4  -            Other (please detail) ............................................................                                    |

............................................................................................                ........... |  (34)

-            TOTAL                                                                                              100,0  |

                                                                                                                                    |

V12     How are academic authorities selected?                                                                     |

V12.1  -            They are elected by all the University's teaching staff                   1     |  (35)

V12.2  -            They are elected by a certain category of the University's                             |

teaching staff                                                                                             1     |  (36)

V12.3  -            They are appointed by who established the University                       1     |  (37)

V12.4  -            They are appointed by the Church authority                                                  1     |  (38)

V12.5  -            Other (please detail) ............................................................                                    |

............................................................................................                     1     |  (39)

                                                                                                                                                |

V13     Which is the legal value of the qualification granted by the University            |

-            Exactly alike that of qualifications granted by public universities           1     |  (40)

-            It is recognized pursuant to an agreement with the State                  2     |

-            It is recognized pursuant to an with an other university                         3     |

-            The qualification of the University has not any legal value                        4     |

-            Other (please detail) ................................................................                    |

..................................................................................................                5     |

                                                                                                                                                |

V14     What kind of qualification may the University grant?                                    |

V14.1  -            Bachelor                                                                                                1     |  (41)

V14.2  -            Degree                                                                                                     1     |  (42)

V14.3  -            First level master                                                                                 1     |  (43)

V14.4  -            Secon level master                                                                                 1     |  (44)

V14.5  -            PhD                                                                                                         1     |  (45)

V14.6  -            Other (please detail) ................................................................                    |

..................................................................................................            1     |  (46)

                                                                                                                                                |

V15     Which is the degree of autonomy of the University in comparison with             |

that of other public universities ruled out by the law?                                        |

V15.1            Freedom of determining the University's regulations                                         |

-            More                                                                                                       3     |  (47)

-            Same                                                                                                        2     |

-            Less                                                                                                          1     |

V15.2  Self-government                                                                                                   |

-            More                                                                                                       3     |  (48)

-            Same                                                                                                        2     |

-            Less                                                                                                          1     |

V15.3            Financial self-government                                                                                       |

-            More                                                                                                       3     |  (49)

-            Same                                                                                                        2     |

-            Less                                                                                                          1     |

                                                                                                                                                |

V16     How much time is dedicated to European integration and EU institutions in |

the University's courses and study plans (answer only with regard to             |

faculties of law, politics, theology, economics and history)                                   |

(in case, you may select more of the following answers)                                             |

V16.1- -            Specific courses                                                                                      1     | (50)

V16.2  -            Study plans to qualify                                                                              2     | (51)

V16.3  -            Masters/specializing courses                                                                             3     | (52)

V16.4  -            PhD courses                                                                                                     4     | (53)

V16.5  -            Departments/research institutes                                                               5     | (54)

V16.6  -            Recurring meetings                                                                                  6     | (55)

                                                                                                                                                |

V17     Which are the main initiatives aimed at spreading the basic values of the             |

European culture (like pluralism, tollerance, justice, solidarity, no-                        |

discriminiation) (in case, you may select more of the following answers)            |

(in addiction, attach a document detailing some examples please)                         |

V17.1- -            Dedicated chairs instituted by who established the University            1     | (56)

V17.2  -            Dedicated chairs (e.g. Jean Monnet Project, etc)                                  1     | (57)

V17.3  -            Meetings                                                                                                 1     | (58)

V17.4  -            Recurring meetings (e.g. students' Day, etc                                                   1     | (59)

V17.5  -            Research                                                                                                 1     | (60)

V17.6  -            Books collection                                                                                     1     | (61)

V17.7- -            Scientific journals/reviews/articles                                                            1     | (62)

V17.8  -            Other (please detail) .....................................................................               |

  ..................................................................................................................           1     | (63)

                                                                                                                                                |

V18     Is the University promoting initiatives aimed at training and/or adjourning |

teachers from any level of school about European integration, in order  |

to spread the basic values of the European culture and, if yes, which             |

initiatives? (in addiction, attach a document detailing some examples please )            |

V18.1- -            Courses/schools/specializing masters                                                      1     | (64)

V18.2  -            Meetings                                                                                                 1     | (65)

V18.3  -            Decentralized training courses                                                                 1     | (66)

V18.4  -            Other (please detail) .....................................................................               |

  ..................................................................................................................           1     | (67)

                                                                                                                                                |

V19     Does the University specifically contribute to interdenominational dialogue? |

(in case, you may select more of the following answers)                                              |

(in addiction, attach a document detailing some examples please)                         |

V19.1- -            Specializing courses/masters/PhD courses                                          1     | (68)

V19.2  -            Meetings                                                                                                 1     | (69)

V19.3  -            Departments/Research centers                                                               1     | (70)

V19.4  -            Scientific articles/journals                                                                           1     | (71)

V19.5  -            Other (please detail) .....................................................................               |

  ..................................................................................................................           1     | (72)

                                                                                                                                                |

V20     What, in your opinion, the tendency universities should do, acting together, |

in order to spread the basic values of the European culture?                                  |

(in case, you may select more of the following answers)                                              |

V20.1- -            Forum                                                                                                                  1     | (73)

V20.2  -            Union                                                                                                      1     | (74)

V20.3  -            Release common documents                                                                        1     | (75)

V20.4  -            Scientific journals/periodic reviews                                                             1     | (76)

V20.5  -            Other (please detail) .....................................................................               |

  ..................................................................................................................           1     | (77)

                                                                                                                                                |

V21     Are you interested in networking with other tendency universities in order  |

to exchange information and experience?                                                    |

-            Much interested                                                                                      3     | (78)

-            Quite interested                                                                                      2     |

-            Less interested                                                                                      1     |

 

 

 

Please, attach University's brochures and, if any, information about dedicated initiatives aimed at:

1)            spreading basic values of the European culture;

2)            contributing to interdenominational dialogue.

 

 

THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR YOUR KIND COOPERATION

 

Appendix 2

 

 

 

International Conference

“Oriented” Universities for Europe

 

(Milan, 3rd-5th September, 2004)

 

 

 

Official languages: Italian, French and English

 

 

3rd September, 2004

 

 

15.00 Greetings:

Luigi Caimi, President of the Foundation C.E.U.R.;

Harald Hartung, Directorate-General Education and Culture of the European Commission;

 

15.30 Opening:

Giorgio Feliciani, Catholic University;

 

15.45 Lorenzo Ornaghi, Rector of the Catholic University, Oriented universities today in Europe;

 

16.30 François Delperèe, University of Louvain, Legal status of Oriented Universities in Europe;

 

17.45 Mario Napoli, Catholic University, The status of professors of Oriented Universities;

 

18.30 Council of Europe Official, The recognition of degrees in Europe, with a special regard to Oriented Universities.


 

 

4th September, 2004

 

 

9.30 Roundtable on the space given to integration and European institution in teaching as well as in curricula studiorum and main initiatives to spread the values founding the European society.

 

Co-ordinator Patrick Valdrini, Catholic Institute, Paris

 

Remarks:

 

Giuseppe Dalla Torre, Rector of the Free University, Roma;

Gyorgy Fodor, Rector of the Pazmany Peter Catholic University, Budapest;

Manuel Braga da Cruz, Rector of the Catholic University, Lisbon;

Javier Escriva-Ivars, Spanish University, Navarra.

 

 

15.00 Roundtable on the specific contribution of “Oriented Universities” to inter-religious dialogue and suggestions for a common action for the spread of the values founding the European society.

 

Co-ordinator Hervé Hasquin, President of Belgium French-Speaking Community, Free University of Brussels

 

Remarks:

 

Adrian Loretan, University of Luzern;

Vincent Hanssens, University of Louvain;

Archim. Grigorios Papathomas, Institute of Orthodox Theology “Saint Serge”, Paris;

Gianni Long, President of the Italian Federation of the Evangelical Churches.

 

 

17-18.30 Discussion


 

 

5th September, 2004

 

 

9,30 Closing Session

 

Flavio Pazer, University of Roma, The training of teachers;

 

Francesco Margiotta Broglio, University of Florence, Presentation of the draft of the common document of the Oriented Universities;

 

Sandro Gozi, European Commission, The perspectives of the European Union;

 

Pietro Lorenzetti, Foundation C.E.U.R., Presentation of the project of a permanent Forum of Oriented Universities.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Working group for the preparation of the common document:

 

• Francesco Margiotta Broglio (co-ordinator), University of Florence,

• Rik Torfs, University of Leuven,

• Archim. Grigorios Papathomas, Institute of Orthodox Theology “Saint Serge” of Paris,

• Patrick Valdrini, Institut Catholique of Paris,

• Gianni Long, President of the Italian Federation of the Evangelical Churches,

• Michele Madonna (secretary), Catholic University of Milan.

 

 

Appendix 3

 

International Conference “Oriented Universities for Europe”

Milan on September 3rd-5th, 2004

 

 

 

 

 

FINAL DOCUMENT

 

 

 

 

The Participants to International Conference “Oriented Universities for Europe”, wich joined it in Milan on September 5th, 2004,

 

 

Remembering the spirit

 

Of related articles from European Union Costitutional Treaty;

Of the European Convention for Human Rights and the foundamental freedon;

Of the Bologna Declaration (June 19th, 1999);

Of the Eichstatt Declaration issued by FUCE (May 2004);

O the Declaration n°11 attached to Final Act of the Amsterdam Treaty, stating that the European Union esplicitly respects and does not prejudicate statutes which local Churches, religious communities or societies and philosofical or non confessional organizations adopted in force of national law systems;

 

 

Considered that

 

— Under particular circumstances a difference of juridical treatment may be justified, when a charateristic linked to the religion or cultural beliefs builds a professional and resolute need (European Council Directive 2000/78/EC of Council, issued on november 27th, 2000);

 

— Into this perspective, Member States could maintain or plan some specifical rules concerning to main professional needs required to start up professional business linked to religious or personal beliefs;

 

— A comparative analysis of the juridical status concerning Oriented Universities may highlight that actual rules used across Europe may reveal more interesting than other regulations used elsewhere and that some juridical forms may be used as reference useful to be adopted or implemented;

 

 

Remember that

 

— Oriented Universities are a traditional point intended to cultural training and instruction directly bounded into the european educational past (and we want to pont out that in Europe there are 149 Oriented Universities, 30 of them joined this Conference);

 

— Oriented Universities are a genuine and important momentum for academical freedon granted by Treaties;

 

— They assemble an important number of teachers and students, and in the same time do not represente neither reminiscences of the past nor an eccentricity in an academical landscape driven by main european and global guidelines;

 

— They mey play an essential role which may be valorized and renewed in a multicultural and pluralist society thanks to the characterizing balance between an open identity and spirit on a less homogeneous society but based on common values founding the european building;

 

— In order to pursue this goal, relations with other kind of Universities have been certainly reinforced;

 

— Oriented Universities system may help to religious, philosofical or cultural minorities integration into the European landscape based on the main Union values.

 

 

Ask to European Union

 

To preserve and grant cultural heritage represented by Oriented Universities as intended to promote scientifical and technical progress, and to respect cultural and linguistical differences;

 

 

Invite Oriented Universities

 

— To promote, according to European Costitutional Treaty, article II-51, the dialogue between European Union, Churches and philosofical organizations, both using links between religions and beliefs through philosofical, theological, historical and compared religious rights teaching, and through a stabile net linking interested Universities, developing both, Forums and actual networks as, for example, FUCE;

 

— To reinforce specifical teachings on subjects concerning European Union, and generalist teachings about common historical heritage and common European values;

 

— To continue to reinforce the heritage of european university in front of full throttle excess of a training exclusively based on unpersonal relations and on teaching technologies (e-learning);

 

— To contribute to creation or reinforcement of a true european universitary community lasting over national, linguistic, religious and philosofical boundaries in order to obtain a qualitative education able to start up cooperation between member countries respecting their responsabilities about subjects teached and educational system organization, also intendet to respect their cultural, religious and linguistic diversities;

 

— To develop a european teaching landscape also throughout member countries languages learning and diffusion, and common universitary teaching of ‘european’ subjects;

 

— To enable students and teachers move across Europe, empowering Socrates programs and Jean Monnet professorships;

 

— To be very present in about pedagogical and scientifical activities of the Universities, meetings beliefs which constitute european building according to main pluralism issues.

 

 

 

 



[1]     See Jean DamascÈne, Écrits sur l’Islam (Présentation, Commentaires et Traduction par Raymond Le Coz), Paris, éd. du Cerf (coll. Sources Chrétiennes, n° 383), 1992, 272 p.

[2]     See Adel-Théod. Khoury, Les Théologiens Byzantins et l’Islam. Textes et Auteurs (VIIIe - XIIIe siècles), Louvain-Paris, éd. Nauwelaerts-Béatrice/ Nauwelaerts, 21969, 334 p.