The two crosses and the Centre
St. George and St. Andrew crosses are symbols connected to the quaternary or number four. More precisely, the cross may be related to number five composing the four directions and their crossing point. This central point contains potentially the four (and even many more) directions, which may be manifested in any cross. From this point of view, it can be considered as a pole, from which all beams are radiating or around which all spokes are turning (compare with the swastika, a symbol spread all over Asia, America and Europe: for instance, within the Celtic tradition).
When superposing both St. George and St. Andrew crosses, we obtain a symbol recalling the eight spokes of the Celtic rowel. This picture may also be found in Eastern countries, particularly, in the Middle East, in India (where the wheel is called “chakra”) as well as in Tibet.
The difference between the Celtic rowel and United Kingdom's flag consists in a circular instead of rectangular edge, a distinction which will be explained later.
The Celtic rowel is mainly a symbol of the World in movement around the motionless Centre. The World considered here has nothing to do with a place in concrete terms. It covers the totality of the manifested states of being, visible and invisible. This can be easily understood:
- Firstly, are we not using expressions such as “wheel of fortune”, “wheel of history”, “what turns the wheel ?” And all these expressions refer to other situations, to other states of being.
- Secondly, these states are a manifestation of a non-manifested source.
The etymology of rowel (“rota”) evokes immediately the idea of rotation depicting the continuous change of all manifested things around a Centre, which does not participate in the movement. It symbolizes the immutable Principle conducting from the inner all things of the outer, peripheral or manifested world. Moreover, the Centre is influencing the outer world in a balanced way. Being the Middle between two opposite points of the circumference, it is the place where the opposites are unified and antagonisms reabsorbed.