At the heart of symbolism

The flag of Lebanon

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Flag of Lebanon

The colours of the flag

The inner white stripe, between two outer red ones, represents the entire spectrum of the rainbow colours. Therefore, white symbolizes the inner Principle of the outer manifestation of colours in particular and everything in general.

White is the colour of initiation in many traditions. It portrays the spiritual authority holding the Knowledge of the principles, which has authority over the temporal or royal power in charge of their application. The last power is associated with the “upper arch” colour of the rainbow, red.

The (ever) green colour of the cedar tree suggests the (ever) present beyond seasons and time. It portrays the way towards the achievement of the spiritual authority (white) ruling the temporal power (red).

Green has always been the colour of the theological virtue of Hope for Christians besides white (Faith) and red (Charity). It symbolizes the deep longing for the true Knowledge, the spiritual One. Green is also the colour of Islam's standard and the Muslim's symbol of salvation made in the image of the Prophet.

The cedar of Lebanon

Having taken refuge on Lebanese mountain heights, the cedar is one of the last witnesses from time immemorial. It was described by Homer, Plato, the Bible and inspired writers and poets throughout centuries. Moreover, the world's oldest epic revolves around the Lebanese cedar: written by Gilgamesh from Mesopotamia, four-thousand-years ago.

The cedar of Lebanon linking Heaven and EarthThe Lebanese cedar is the “most beautiful for its greatness and for the spreading of its branches” (Ezekiel 31:7). Its straight trunk links an indefinite number of being's states from the most common to the most spiritual. Moreover, the cedar tree does not only symbolize the vertical expand linking Earth and Heaven, but also the whole horizontal extension of all manifestation possibilities associated with a given state of being. As such, it portrays, more than any other tree, the whole manifestation process emanating from the Principle identified to the top.

The cedar tree was used in construction due to its longevity, resistance, incorruptibility and perfume. It gave a foretaste of the immortality state to be achieved:

  • The ancient Egyptians used it in ship-building, for sarcophagus and sculpture;
  • The Jews for the wooden work of Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem;
  • The Greeks and Romans for statues and scented torches etc.

All these works could have helped the being to move from his ordinary condition towards higher states, to climb along the tree trunk, to fully live all his inner possibilities, to make his potential become true. Unfortunately, temporal interests took over wisdom and led to the devastation of Lebanese forests. To the being devoid of wisdom, answers “the voice of the Lord (who) breaks the cedars; the Lord breaks the cedars of Lebanon” (Psalm 29:5).

By a strange irony of fate, the fame and planting of the cedar of Lebanon has expanded all around the globe while its natural habitat shrivelled.