At the heart of symbolism

The Italian flag

(Detailed page)


Italian flag

The colours of the flag

No doubt that the flag adoption has followed the path of the country unity realization. A unity based, of course, on the links established between people around a common symbol, but also around a common language. Under these conditions, how could we not recall Dante Alighieri and his “Divina Commedia”, which is precisely referring to the three colour symbolism ?

Is it not surprising to see Beatrice dressed in the three colours which would become the Italian national colours ? These tonalities would have had a Freemason origin, but nothing confirms this. It is true that the three colours of the “Prince of Mercy” grade of the Scottish Masonry, which is pretending to go back to the Templar, are precisely green, white and red. It is also true that these colours symbolize the three theological virtues of the Christian tradition, namely Hope, Faith and Charity, which are related to the voyage undertaken in Dante's “commedia”.

Green or Hope

Hope has nothing to do with the secret hope to realize man's desires. On the contrary, It symbolizes the deep longing for bliss, for full knowledge. A Knowledge that the ordinary human being will only gain during an initiation voyage going through three worlds: Hell, Purgatory and Heavens.

  • The ordinary being living on Earth first has to undertake a symbolic descent into the Hell underground world representing the profane world, the world of the states inferior to the properly human state. Indeed, the being has to exhaust all the possibilities linked to these states before going back to earth and getting access to the true human state.
  • Back on Earth, the ordinary being has to realize the richness of the human possibilities, a few of which only having been actualized within himself. Then, he really penetrates the world of the initiation tests, the Purgatory symbolized by the mountain, on the summit of which Dante is locating the terrestrial paradise linked to the edenic state. A state constituting the departure for an extra-terrestrial voyage prolonging the initiation.
  • The extra-terrestrial voyage symbolizes the access to the states superior to the human ones, the supra-human states proper to the total being who has conquered the Heavens. Having reached the full Knowledge, he encompasses the human states and becomes a totally unified being where humanity and spirituality are one.

Note that the Vatican flag, without explicitly appealing to Dante, symbolizes this initiation voyage.

White or Faith

It is not a matter of blind belief here, but of real Faith, of total abandonment to God, testifying an unlimited trust to Him, which is essential in order to undertake the initiation voyage. It is the Faith of the “Fede Santa”, a medieval association of Templar filiation. Its dignitaries, among whom Dante was probably one, were worthy the title of “Kadosch” (Saint in Hebrew), a title always in force in the high grades of the contemporary Masonry. As nothing is a matter of chance, Dante is definitely choosing the founder of the Templar order rules, Saint Bernard, as a guide alongside his extra-terrestrial voyage.

Red or Charity

Here, Charity represents the Divine love. It is not only a matter of loving one's neighbour - even were he God - as oneself, but to be oneself Love. It is the true Love in the sense given by the Knight Order doctrine, the foundation of which goes back to the Crusades and to the subsequent exchanges between East and West. Now, Dante belonged to an initiation Knight Order, the “Fedeli d'Amore”, an inherited Templar Order organization, which cry was: “Long live God, Saint Love”.

As a general rule, two initiating paths are offered to the passenger in quest of Heavens:

  • The path of Intelligence or full Light, a path beyond the common thinking, source of light without warmth.
  • The path of the Heart or the true Warmth, a path beyond the feeling alone, source of warmth without light.

While bringing Intelligence and Love to their summit, the “Fedeli d'Amore” favoured the path of the Heart, the path of the Knights, of the Kshatriyas of the Indian tradition, of the Sufis of the Muslim tradition.


  • René Guénon:
  • “The esoterism of Dante”, Sophia Perennis Publisher;
  • An opuscule to be read at one sitting.

This page is devoted to Anna Danesi, a very close friend who praised Dante to the sky.