The land of the dragon
The design of the present flag was adopted in the 1960s when Bhutan became a member of the United Nations. In the national language, Bhutan's denomination is “Druk Yul”, which means “Land of the Dragon”. Moreover, “Druk” also means thunder and its noise in the Himalayas evokes the roaring of dragons announcing rain, real blessing of the sky. The dragon represents the Buddhist state as well as the king sharing the power with a national government.
The dragon is white whereas the background is divided diagonally halved with the upper hoist saffron (orangey-yellow) and the lower fly flame coloured (orangey-red). As a mix of yellow and red, orange plays a balancing role between both colours representing the higher and lower worlds.
That is also the role of the dragon undulating like a serpent alongside the diagonal separating both worlds. With its head in the upper world and its four legs each holding a pearl in the lower one, the dragon belongs to both worlds. Placed over the diagonal, it is also beyond both worlds as the Principle 1, the Unity source of the manifested elements symbolized by the four pearls. As such, it is the guardian of the most precious treasure, the balance between Unity and its diverse manifested aspects. It is the guarantor of the harmony between the higher and lower worlds.
1 back The manifestation could not exist outside the Principle at its source. As the Whole, the Principle contains everything, including its manifestation.