The resurrection celebration
Easter celebrates the resurrection of Christ, three days after his crucifixion. For the Christian Church, it is the “Solemnity of solemnities", even more than the celebration of Christmas.
Easter is a moveable feast determining all other moveable feasts of the Christian Church. The council of Nicée set up, in 325, the date of its celebration to the first Sunday after the full moon following the spring equinox. Consequently, Easter falls between March 22nd and April 25th 1.
Therefore, it is not astonishing that the egg, commonly considered as one of the symbols of nature's revival, is associated with the renascence of spring time and Easter. It illustrates the myth of periodical creation, re-birth, resurrection. Nevertheless, its relation with Easter celebrations should not let us forget that the egg is, in reality, a deep and ancient symbol common to all traditions in this world.
Good Friday celebrates the death of the human form of Jesus and his return in the cosmic cave. Easter Sunday feasts his Resurrection, his leaving the cave in his divine form. A resurrection which coincides with the renewal of spring time in the northern hemisphere. This renewal finds its full explanation within the Egg symbolism, germ of the development of the cosmic World and the being belonging to it. A world the being tries to get free of while following the Path taken by the Son of God. Getting out of the Cosmos, of the cave where we are imprisoned, constitutes the true “liberation” for all beings on this earth.
With his passage through the cosmic cave, from his entry or birth in the crib to his final leave or resurrection, the Christ reminds the world of the vertical Path which, rather than taking the being from Earth to Heaven, re-unifies Heaven and Earth, human and divine within himself. The vertical axis symbolizes the “Middle Path” associated with yellow, the medium colour of the rainbow spectrum and the Easter colour as well.
The cross and cave symbols unite through verticality. Plenty of examples illustrate this connection, such as the cross topping the hillock, the hill, the dome, the tabernacle, the Orb in the Christ's hands, the ciborium within the Priest's hands etc. All these representations contain a cavity or symbolic cave crowned by a cross as on the Golgotha mount.
1 back As the Orthodox Church refers to the same calculation according to the Julian calendar, the spring equinox can be delayed and Easter's date be different.