This project is open to all families potentially affiliated with any Livingston(e) or Maclea family.
It is run by participants, for participants.
This is a joint genealogical effort to try to reconstruct family trees, which may contain errors. If you think you see something you want to copy, please also do me the favor of contacting the maker of this webpage (Andrew.Lancaster “at” skynet.be) to give me a chance to update you on the latest possibilities.
There are also other ways of providing assistance to this project for relatives (not male, or not having one of the key surnames) and genealogist friends of these families. Options include sponsorship, coordination and research. Please contact me for more ideas, or if you want to make contact with any of our participants families.
To go to the main page, click here.
To go straight to the table of results, click here.
To go to our web page for the other haplotypes of our project, click here.
To go to the genealogical notes on R1b results, click here.
Introduction to R1b.
R1b is a haplogroup. It is in other words a way of grouping all modern men according to male line common ancestors which we are sure they share, and which they do not share with other men.
This haplogroup is the main one for this project, and it is indeed close to the type of “DNA signature” (or haplotype) that is most common in Western Europe generally. Different types of R1b are also found in the Middle East, Central Asia and parts of Africa. Genetic genealogists have coined the term “Western Atlantic Modal Haplotype” (WAMH) to describe the particular R1b-type DNA signature that is most common on the whole European Atlantic coast.
Turning to the results themselves, at first sight, the R1b types within our group are a good (or even extreme) sampling of the diversity that one might expect in the general Scottish population. Therefore it should be noted that this whole group can best be considered in relation to other Scottish DNA projects. Many people must have taken up the names Maclea, and Livingstone at different times and for different reasons. And many of those would have been R1b. Until surprisingly recently in Scotland, particularly highland Scotland, people would often change surnames during their lifetime, simply because they had moved to a new area, or taken on new allegiances or a nickname. A particularly important clan for us to consider is the Clan Donald, as this very large clan took in families from the same region where the smaller Clan MacLea lived. They have a new web page.
A “cousin” to the WAMH is the “Scots” cluster, which is important in our project (as well as the Campbells, MacDonalds, Buchanans, MacGregors and many others). It was apparently identified first by the genealogical community, especially perhaps Ken Nordtvedt and Mark MacDonald of the Clan Donald DNA project. Some people claim that it should be associated with the ancient royalty of the Argyll Scotti, the Dal Riata or Dal Riada kings who came from Northern Ireland. John McEwan’s geographical analysis does show an association with Argyll, but not with Ireland. Our project is cooperating with others to further study this subject. See http://users.skynet.be/lancaster/Scots%20Cluster.htm.
Background reading: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetic_genealogy
Along the tops of tables you can see the names of places ("loci" or "markers") on the Y chromosome. Every man has a Y chromosome, made up of DNA, which he gets in a fairly accurate copy from his father.
The particular places on the Y chromosome which are studied by genealogists are "stutters" in the "code" of the DNA, which are relatively unstable, called "STR markers" (with names like "DYS393" or "YCAII"), or to use longer names “short tandem repeats” or “microsatellites”. This makes them suited for identifying large patrilineal families or dynasties, and therefore for surname studies. For distinguishing specific individuals compared to relatives with the same surname, or distinguishing whole ethnic or geographic groups, other DNA "markers" can be used.
The numbers within the table can be considered as the number of repeats within each of the "stutters" under consideration.
Several of the markers have multiple copies at different places within the Y chromosome. These add an extra complexity, because in a single generational step one of these copies can overwrite another. For example the two different YCAII markers might go from YCAII=19-24 to YCAII=19-19.
These multi-part markers must be interpreted carefully because the lab results are not always certain. One single result could mean that one of the copies has been deleted or that there are two with the same number of repeats. In the case of DYS464 there can even often be extra copies (more than the normal 4).
KEY. To make it easier to take this large R1b group in I have divided it into two tables and used a colour coding based which tries to make what is most unusual most obvious. Only the very fastest markers are given red titles. And all coloured cells within the table are on the following basis:
1. Pale Yellow for 1 repeat less than the typical group value (group modal) chosen for comparison (bright green row at top).
2. Bright Yellow for 2 repeats less than group modal.
3. Pink for 1 repeat more than group modal.
4. Magenta for 2 repeats more than group modal.
5. Purple for 3 repeats more than group modal.
6. Red for 4 repeats more than group modal.
7. Bright green for more distant, and therefore outstanding, results.
Individuals marked as SMGF come from the Sorenson database at http://smgf.org and are not participants of the project as such.
Genealogical Notes on Participant Families.
Livingston 16731. This Australian Livingston has roots by paper trail back to Tranent, near Edinburgh. James Livingston married Elizabeth Lees on 20 Feb 1818, at Canongate, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland. The DNA result indicates that any connection to Dr Livingstone is unlikely to be in the male line. There are no close matches known, including other surnames. Ysearch.
Livingston 113767. The grandfather of this participant was Jasper (“Jack”) Livingston, born Summers, MT. His father in turn was James or William Livingston, from Shelby, NC, who was in turn the son of William F. Livingston and his wife Carrie. When we look at 37 markers, this is a fairly unusual DNA signature with no close matches known, including other surnames.
Maclay 106058 (same family also tested by Ancestry.com) This family has been traced back to a Joseph Maclay born in Lifford, Co. Donegal, Ireland about 1871. It is interesting that this family does not match our two Donegal McClay families below in the so-called MacWho group. No close matches known, including other surnames.
Livingston 120447. This family descends from William Livingston, a civil war confederate born 1819 in Kentucky and died 1864 in Missouri. The family believes itself to be Scots Irish, which in America is the common way of referring to families originally from Scotland, who lived in Ireland for some time before moving on to America. The DNA is of the R1b "Scots" type, most commonly associated with Scottish surnames. This family has particularly close matches with families surnamed Dawe, Matney and Mattingly.
One “Scots” Dunleavy from Ireland. I have added a short haplotype from a Dunleavy match in Ireland. It appears to be of the “Scots” type which is reasonably unusual in Ireland. Throughout this project I have added all the 12 Dunleavys from an academic study of Irish DNA: Brian McEvoy, Daniel G. Bradley “Y-chromosomes and the extent of patrilineal ancestry in Irish surnames”, Human Genetics 2006. The importance to our project should be obvious when it is considered that MacLea is said to come from the surname Mac Dunleavy (various spellings) meaning “son of Dunleavy”. This one, D05, is particular important because it is so close to our main clan Maclea families.
Lee 10348 is a classic example of the R1b “Scots” haplotype (just for example: 21629, 7703, 27994, 16930, 31327), whose name might be a contraction of one of the many forms of the name MacLea. People with this typical haplotype often have many close matches. In this case the closest include a Macdonald and a Montgomery. Ysearch.
Livingston family 118685 can be traced back to John Livingston (who was recorded with various spellings) who married Mary Bryant in 1797 in Shelby Co., Kentucky. They intermarried with a McNew family, with whom they seem to have moved at the same time to Indiana and later Illinois. It is believed they are connected to the Jessamine County, Kentucky Livingstons. Connections to both the Poropotank Livingston family, mentioned below, and the Livingstons of Botetourt Co., VA., mentioned in our R1a section, have also been suggested, although the DNA shows these to be three separate male lines, even if related perhaps in some either way. This family has particularly close matches to several people with the surnames Reed, Patterson, Geddes/Gaddas, and one person named Powers.
McClain family 30521 is one of several known cases where a McLean/McLane surname closely matches McLea families. It is also yet another good example of the so called Scots signature associated with Argyll. McLea/McLean matches are likely first because the two families share an ancient association with the Lorne area in Argyll, and especially around the Isle of Lismore, and secondly because of simple spelling changes in recent centuries, after many of these families had left their highland homeland.
Livingstone 107477. This participant is the grandson of Duncan Livingstone who married to Mary Agnes O'Connell and was having children around 1920. Both were born in the US, and Duncan was possibly born in Boston, MA USA. No very close matches are known.
Our "cadet" group seem related to each other, given their unusual H4 marker values. Furthermore they seem to be distant cousins of our Bachuil group (below). Also interesting is that this is a case which shows a Maclea (MacLay) and a Livingston being related.
28652, the Maclean participant discovered that his family had changed name in Scotland from MacLay. They come from Dunfermline in Fife (eastern “lowland” Scotland) where they were involved in mining. Is it a coincidence that his close match is from the island which was the McLean center of power (Mull in Western, highland Scotland)?
21629, according to an old letter, may be a representative of the Achnacree branch of the Maclea clan, which married into the family of Dr Livingstone. At first sight this result does not look close to the rest of the group but the main differences between them are apparently the result of one single RecLOH (“gene conversion”) mutation, which can be seen in the multi-part markers. See http://www.jogg.info/henson.htm and also the introductory notes above.
MacLeay family 47189 trace their paternal line takes me to the Ullapool and Lochbroom area in the northwest of Scotland at the start of the 19th Century. This is one of our several families exhibiting an R1b type especially associated with Argyll clans, variously called the “Scots”, “Dal Riata”, or “Scots” haplotype. Amongst his closest matches are a Macdonald and a Hall. This family could be distantly related to either 21629, 28652, or 30521…
164403 Livingstone is a convincing "missing link" showing how the rest of this group could be one family. This is a Livingstone without the RecLOH of 21629, and in this case our participants have a pedigree back to MacLeas in Ross-shire.
181810 is a Dutch family, but it has been traced back to an apparent Scottish soldier whose name was in one case spelled as Makelij, which in Dutch would be pronounced something like Mak-a-lay.
The DNA signature for this group is yet another example of the R1b variant sometimes called the “Scots” type, which some genealogists associate with the ancient “Scotti” kings of Dal Riata. Given the complications of a possible gene conversion, different surnames and also belonging to a common Scottish haplotype, these two families have tested several extra markers to try to determine whether they might be as closely related as they seem. Those extra markers have tended to be more different than expected. Ysearch for 21629, which is the more unusual. Ysearch for 28652.
The “Lismore” or “Bachuil” group of Livingstones. The chiefly line of the Clan MacLea.
107563 is therefore confirmed by DNA as a reasonably close relative. They descend from a family who lived on the Isle of Mull.
130593 is another relative confirmed only by DNA so far. They descend from Peter Livingston, born about 1792, married Flory McColl, at Appin, 21 Aug 1817, died Port Appin 1853.
See the clan website. This family is thought to descend from very old clan leadership, going back to the Dark Ages. The name MacLea, used by their ancestors, seems to descend from an older form “Mac Dunsleibhe” (son of Dunlevy). They still hold the ancient staff (“Bachuil”) of the Irish Missionary St Moluag. This DNA signature has been used to try to reconstruct the signature of the leaders of the Scotti from Northern Ireland in the Dark Ages (the so called Dal Riata or Riada) and it definitely shows similarities to some other clans from the Highlands. The problem is however that this “Scots” DNA family is enormous – possibly 20% of all Scottish male lines – and much older than a Dal Riada explanation could account for. Compared to most families in this cluster however, they have rather unusual values for YCAIIb (19-22 instead of 19-24) and C4 (25 instead of 24), and looking at such details is probably going to eventually be a more fruitful approach. One theory of the ancestry of Dr Livingstone, perhaps the leading one, was that he was also a member of this family. The project appears to have disproven that. See 99507 below. SMGF search. Ysearch.
Livingstone N25124 is a member we do not know much about, and with only 12 markers it is difficult to draw many conclusions.
The SMGF Livingstone family from Rutherglen is the one with DYS385=11-13. Note that Rutherglen is close to Blantyre, where Dr Livingstone was born. His markers are not spectacularly close to anyone in the project at first sight, but it should be mentioned that YCAIIb=22 is typical of the Lismore group and comparatively unsusual amongst “Scots” type R1b men. SMGF search.
The “Southern Irish” type Dunleavys. Next are the other three R1b Dunleavy haplotypes from Brian McEvoy and Daniel G. Bradley “Y-chromosomes and the extent of patrilineal ancestry in Irish surnames”, Human Genetics 2006. They appear not to be of the “Scots” haplotype, but rather from a type associated with Ireland, and seemingly more Southern than Northern Ireland. See http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/GENEALOGY-DNA/2006-02/1140841784 and http://www.northwestanalysis.net/R1bModals.xls. On www.smgf.org their closest matches have the surname Shores.
The “Liebenstein” Livingstons.
31327, 7882, 26905. Only 26905 has not seemingly traced his line back to a group of German immigrants who went by the name of Liebenstein. They did not all know of their connection to Germany. They seem to come from Dühren, near Heidelberg and Heilbronn, and before that possibly Zürich in Switzerland. Ultimately, there is a story that they had Scottish ancestry, which is possible, given the military and religious links the Calvinist Scots had with this region in the early modern period (after the earlier importance of Geneva, where Scots such as John Knox studied, Zürich became very important also). Perhaps they descend from so-called “Marian exiles”. It is certain that Heinrich Bullinger preached in the same village of Albisrieden (See http://kirchgemeinde-albisrieden.ch/geschichte.htm) . With 37 markers now tested, their DNA certainly looks more Scottish than anything else (like several of our groups it has the so-called Colla signature) and searching for matches on public databases shows Livingstons with known Scottish ancestry. So while not finally proven, the case is pretty good! SMGF search for 31327.
Livingston 16930 The furthest securely traced paternal ancestor for this Livingston family is George Livingston, of Washington City, PA, b abt. 1795. The DNA signature is of the peculiarly Scottish R1b variant sometimes called the “Scots” type, which some genealogists associate with the ancient “Scotti” kings of Dal Riata in what is now Argyll. His closest match found on Ysearch, has the surname Thrasher.
Livingston 97325. His furthest traced paternal ancestor is Barnabas Livingston b. Burke County, Georgia, 1794.
Our Livingston-Brown-Boggs family
The Livingston(e)s from Dalgety in Fife. We originally discovered this family on SMGF, while 87600 joined our project directly, knowing himself to be a member of the same family. An “Ancestral File” is available on www.familysearch.com.
We have also gathered paper trail evidence which proved that one branch of this biological family now uses the surname Brown, explaining the close connection with the Brown family who is also included in our project now. This family used the middle name Livingston for many generations, and always understood that there was some sort of link.
Boggs families (27872, 27994, 44138, 16304, 6095.7, 55973 and 61367). Many Boggs families in the USA maintain that they descend from a Scottish Livingston family that changed name to Boggs while living in Northern Ireland. As a whole this Boggs group is likely to descend from one immigrant family, but the paper trail connections have not been made yet. The DNA is guiding this process. 6095.70 for example, is a confirmed descendant of James Boggs, d. 1737, Delaware, USA. Also known as James "the Immigrant" Boggs or "White Clay Creek" James, through his son, Robert Boggs 1712-1804.
The SMGF Boggs traced his paternal line back to William Boggs b 1841, who died in Watson, Effingham, Illinois in 1903. By checking a larger number of markers, we eventually put beyond doubt that this family was related to our main group of Boggs families. On SMGF they form a group with individuals with the following surnames: Endicott, Hall, Savage, Lindsay.
Overall, this DNA family seems to have reasonably close connections to a small group of Scottish surnames apart from Livingston, Brown and Boggs. Especially interesting are Munroe, Mitchell, Price and McCorkle (with various spelling variations).
Contact a member of this Boggs family.
Members of this family are advised to maintain joint membership with the Boggs project also.
Livingston 92987 has a family tree connecting him to the well-known Livingstons of Clermont in New York, via John Livingston, the son of Robert Livingston the “third lord” of Clermont, who was in turn grandson of Robert Livingston the “first lord”. The DNA signature may be a distant variant of the so-called Scots type, but it does not have many close matches.
Livingston 97445. This family is said to descend from the Livingstons of Clermont via two sons of "Robert of Clermont", 3rd lord of the manor, Robert "Cambridge" Livingston (line carrying the Livingston paternal DNA), and John "of Oak Hill" Livingston (through two of his grand-daughters).
The great-grandfather of the participant was Col. Charles Edward Livingston of Red Hook, New York, who served with the Union N.Y. 76th Infantry Volunteers during the American Civil War. He was the son of Robert Francis Livingston, a Surveyor and Civil Engineer, who, in turn, was the son of Robert Swift Livingston. Robert Swift Livingston was the son of Robert "Cambridge" Livingston and Alice Swift.
Belfast. Our Livingstone who appears next was tested by dna.ancestry.com. Thomas McBride Livingstone, our participant’s grandfather, married Letitia Patton Crawford in Belfast 1905, and later died on the island of Walney in Lancashire about 1970. Thomas was a Pattern Maker at the time of his wedding, so may have worked in the ship building industry in Belfast. On same date, his father was named as James E. Livingstone, book-keeper. Thomas served in World War I and it's believed moved to England after completing his service.
The “Greene County, Georgia” group.
28664, 35052 , 46328, 55554 and 60881 seem definitely related both according to paper trails and DNA. They seem to descend from 2 brothers who lived in Greene, Georgia. However their parents have not been identified, though they appear to have come from Ireland, probably Northern Ireland. Some genealogists have claimed that this family descends from a Callendar Livingston family who lived in Burren in County Down, but no evidence has been found to substantiate this yet. The DNA results seem to indicate that there might be a connection with the family of Doctor Livingstone, the following group. Perhaps the Greene County Livingstons are really “highlanders” of the Clan MacLea? SMGF search for 28664.
Contact a member of this Livingston family.
Livingstone families 59765 and 99507, are both Canadian, and both of highland, Gaelic speaking heritage. The ancestry of 59765 goes back to Islay, near MacLea territory. Family 99507 on the other hand descends from John Livingstone, the brother of Doctor Livingstone the famous missionary.
Livingston tested by Ancestry.com. John Levistone (aka the Scotsman) of Billerica Massachusetts is the earliest known paternal ancestor of this participating family. He died 1735 Billerica. He is first mentioned in the History of Billerica by Hazen as working for Thomas Carrier cutting brush. The main difference with 99507, the family of Dr Livingstone, is on the multi-part marker DYS464. Because of the ways in which such markers can mutate, they may possibly be far closer than they seem.
Livingstone 62857 does not closely match any other participating families in our project yet. It is predicted that this male line probably has the ancient mutation known as S28 or U152, which some people associate with Europe more than Britain, although it is certainly found in British male lines.
Livingston 12063 and 29085. Two known relatives, thought to be related to Philip Livingston, signer of the Declaration of Independence. Ysearch.
McKinley 42636 is a joint participant in both our project and the MacKinley clan project, which we believe will often overlap with ours. So far he has no obviously related matches that I can find. Ysearch.
SMGF McKinlay. This individual found on smgf.org traces his furthest paternal ancestor to James Kinlay or McKinlay born 29 Feb 1752 Tranent, East Lothian, Scotland, married 5 Feb 1775 to Jean Grieve, died 16 Jul 1810. They have a perfect match with a MacKay family who traces his furthest paternal ancestry to County Down in Northern Ireland. Normally MacKay is said to derive from MacAoidh (Aodh’s son) or MacDhai (David’s son), but perhaps in this case it does not? The oldest spellings of MacLea include versions such as MacOnlea.
16114, 32365, N16163 and 17767. See separate webpage about this cluster. In John McEwan’s study, these are all within a very Irish-Scottish looking part of R1b cluster 26. Within this cluster are families with surnames McCain/McKean, McCauley/McColly, McDonald, Henry/Henrie, McCarter/MacArthur, Gay and Poore, which may lead to interesting clan historical and/or genealogical conclusions one day. Many of the markers of this group look deceptively average. But notice how the multi-part markers called 459, 464a&b, 464c&d, YCAII and CDY are all the same as each other. Of these 459 and YCAII are slow changing markers, and this particular signature is shared by a small cluster of Northern Irish and Western Scottish families. The McKane families all seem to belong to a Northern Irish family associated with the Route or Dal Riata area and the surnames Henry and MacArthur are also thought to come from the same general region, which was where the Argyll Scotti are said to have come from. (See http://www.mckane.waterloo.on.ca/route/main.htm and http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~mccaindna/resultsm/results1.htm.)
Three surname groups within this greater family cluster are of particular interest to our project…
· The McLea and MacLea are known relatives despite the slightly different surname spelling. The ancestry is traced back to Glasgow, but is thought to go back to Bute, whence there are some indications that the line might go back to the MacLeas of Lindsay. (This is discussed more extensively on the clan website.)
· They have an extremely close match with our McLin participant. MacLin could either come from the same part of Northern Ireland (where it would mean “son of Flynn”) or it could be a variant of MacLean, from the same region where the MacLea clan was based in Argyll. We know that the surnames MacLea and MacLean were sometimes.
· McCauley/McColly could easily be a derivative of some of the early predecessors of the name Maclea (or these MacLeas might descend from MacCauleys who were not MacLeas?) and so we have a McCauley in the project (17767) who is a member of another project also.
SMGF search for 16114. Ysearch for 16114. Contact a member of the DNA family.
Livingston 32911. This is an Australian Livingston family which feels itself related to Dr Livingstone. Now that 37 markers are tested it is clear that he is not a close relative of the 12063 and 29085 group. Unfortunately for genealogical purposes, his DNA signature, while not far from several other groups in the project, is also very typical for any Western European R1b family. So it is presently hard to draw any conclusions about very distant relations. Should a relative join the project however, we would see it clearly. Ysearch.
Livingston 45347 The earliest recorded event in this Livingston family history appears to be a marriage in Dubuque Co. Iowa on 1 Aug 1842 when Ira Livingston married Mary Ann West. Our participant is interested to find any possible relations. SMGF search for 45347. Ysearch for 45347.
A second Boggs related line.
Boggs 31842 descends from James L. Boggs (1752 NC-1835 KY) of Blaine Kentucky and is also a member of the Boggs DNA project at http://www.worldfamilies.net/surnames/b/boggs/index.html which is also affiliated with Family Tree DNA, so interested participants can in fact join both projects if they see an advantage in this.
SMGF Bogue. Frank Boggs found that this family also has a close match on SMGF, but spelt Bogue (traced back to Indiana in the early 19th century). Frank believes Indiana Bogues families moved from NC, and all this leads Frank to suggest that we have identified the Bogue DNA haplotype, which will therefore go back (according to NC Bogue genealogists) to Berwick, Scotland in the 15th century. Other older spellings of the name of this family are said to have included Boig and Bog. This Boggs group differs significantly from the other Boggs group (consistently on markers 391, 389-2, 448, 449, 456 etc) although a very old connection is possible.
McElyea 139781. McElyea is sometimes suggested to be a MacLea variant. This kit result matches other McElyeas, but no MacLeas or similar.
Livingston 136349. This family is from Arkansas, and because there was an adoption it is difficult to trace. They have been tentatively traced back to Arthur Livingston, Kansas, around 1900. Although the basic DNA signature is very common, there are not yet any close Livingston matches.
A Highland line (we are at least sure about the ones with 67 markers, we advise the others to upgrade in order to confirm membership in this family)…
Livingston 74255 is an Australian family which has been traced back to Balluchulish and Glencoe in the mid-1800s. James Ban Livingston had worked at the slate quarry in Ballachulish and lived in Laroch in Glencoe. He emigrated on the Marco Polo in 1852. It seems he also had a brother named John Ban Livingston in Ballachulish.
Livingstone 118947. 67 markers and definitely in this group. This family is from Queensland Australia, and believes itself related to Dr Livingstone. Hugh McDiarmid Livingstone emigrated in 1879 from Scotland to Australia on board “SS Lock Garry”. He died 18 May 1937 in Kingaroy Qld Australia. He married Mary Anne Jane Sanderson 25 July 1883, daughter of John Sanderson and Janet. It is said that he was born in Swordly Chorrack in the parish then known as “Ardnamurchan and Strontian or Sunart”. His parents’ names were Hugh/Ewen Livingstone and Catherine McDiarmid whose marriage appears in the parish registers for 01/10/1842.
Livingston 148408. The grandfather of this participants was Charles Hannah Livingston, born about 7 June 1865, Gibson, NC, died 28 December 1937, Malone, FL.
Parker 69018. This line traces back to Peter Parker b. approx. 1827. After not appearing in the 1830 or 1840 census, he appears as an 18 year old, along with a 16 year old Mary, in the 1850 US census in the household of George Parker of Richmond Co NC. However the family already had a Mary, and Peter and Mary were not listed in George's will or court proceeding. Before the 1860 census Peter Parker and Anna Laura Parker, George's daughter, were married and they later moved to Chesterfield Co. SC. However, some older stories in the family appear to link Anna Laura to the surname Livingston, and so genealogists of this family believe this close DNA match may have high significance.
Livingston 148932. 67 markers and definitely in this group. John Livingston born about 1811 (place unknown) is the furthest known man in this male line. He was married to Ann Chapman on 1st March, 1832 in Stornoway on the Island of Lewis, Scotland. He is shown to be resident there and a stone mason. He next appears on the 1841 census living in Barony, Glasgow and is a Constable of Police, with three children, Mary, Thomas, and Ann. The family continue to live there and appear on the 1851 and 1861 census with two more children, Alexander and John, John being born in Dunfermline, Fife. The father John Livingston signed the death certificate of his wife Anne Chapman in 1873. He is described as a Journeyman Mason.
Livingstone 120317. 67 markers and definitely in this group.
Livingstone 38812 with 67 markers and definitely in this group, has a paper trail linking him to Highland Fort William, and a family tradition of being Gaelic speaking and kinship with Dr Livingstone. They emigrated in the late 18th century to Nova Scotia. Family lore suggests that three brothers settled at Livingstone's Cove, Antigonish County, Nova Scotia. The elder brother Malcom stayed there and one brother John moved to Cape Breton Island. The third brother unnamed moved to Prince Edward Island. The three families apparently never reconnected again after that.
Livingstone 120317. 67 markers and definitely in this group. John Livingstone, a Roman Catholic, arrived on PEI in July 1806 aboard the Brig Humphries, via Tobormory. John was the only Livingstone on the boat. He was listed as being 20 years old. Perhaps because Lord Selkirk treated Roman Catholics the same way as in Scotland John found his way to Cape Breton, which was not part of Nova Scotia; at that time. It is not known where in Scotland he came from but he named his land grant Staffa, and this family had a tradition of being indirectly related to Dr Livingstone. John lived and died and was buried on Low Point, Cape Breton. He died August 24, 1859. His will is dated February 1853 and mentions his sons John, Laughlin, Alexander and Donald (AKA Daniel or D.D.) and daughters Ann and Catherine as well as Donald McIntryre; who married daughter Johanna. His wife called herself Christy but, was either Christine or Christina. John Seniors son, John, died May 1, 1900. His obituary was published in the newspaper named the Casket: in it was mentioned that his father, John married a Miss McPhee. It also mentioned that John Jr. was born June 7, 1807.
Livingstone 83972 is now an American family. They have traced themselves back to Neil Livingston and Margaret Woodhouse, who lived in the Port of Monteith in Perthshire and had children there in the late 18th century. The family is discussed on this webpage: http://www.rootsweb.com/~onlanark/families/bremner.htm#livingstone.
Livingstone 15662 represents an Livingstone family now known to be resident in Australia and Wales. They have a family tradition that their ancestor was a cousin and close friend of Dr. Livingstone. Members of his family held a walking stick and Bible given to them by Dr. Livingstone, but these are said to have stayed in Scotland during the war, and their whereabouts are now unknown. Ysearch for 15662.
Livingstone 153356. 67 markers and definitely in this group. This family descends from Miles Livingston b.1775 a boatbuilder and cooper and his second wife Janette Livingston both natives of Morvern Parish in Western Argyllshire,in highland Scotland. Miles and Janette left Bowmore,Kilarrow Parish, Isle of Islay in June of 1812 for Lord Selkirk's Settlement at Red River in the Hudson Bay Territory, British North America. In 1815 they settled in Etobicoke Township, York County, Upper Canada(Ontario) and finally in 1819 in Esquesing Township, Halton County, Upper Canada near Acton. Their children and descendants lived in Ontario and Michigan.
Livingstone 15073 . 67 markers and definitely in this group. has yet another Dr Livingstone family story, and traces his ancestor's origins to Prince Edward Island (Canada), ultimately originating in Morvern, Scotland. His DNA signature is similar to many of the other R1b participants on average, but none when it comes to exact one-by one comparisons!
Livingstone 127272. 67 markers and definitely in this group.
Livingston 44930. 67 markers and definitely in this group.
Levingston 10635 is an extremely unusual haplotype with no close matches on public databases so far found. His closest known match is a Miller from Canada. His ancestry appears to come from Ireland. Ysearch. SMGF search.
The “MacWho? group”.
These 5 results, 19583, 94244, 20565, 14518 and our Maclay tested by Ancestry.com, are not known relatives, but they share very unusual markers, especially at 385a and 458. It was only recently confirmed that this group really is R1b. There is a website investigating this strange haplotype, apparently only found in Scotland, and the nickname “MacWho” has come into use to refer to their unknown common ancestor. Other surnames with matches include Porter and Fergus(on). Within our project, this is one of the only groups linking Maclea type names with Livingstone type names.
The Livingstone family is now Australian (see separate website), and has a tradition of kinship with Dr Livingstone. Tracing their history is complicated by the seeming variations in surname pronunciation and spelling: they entered Australia with the name Living, which they changed to Livingstone. In Kinnettles and Glamis where they seem to have come from, Livingstones often appear in registers with the name Livage or Livitch.
The Livingstons however (no “e”), now also in Australia, also came from the area around Dundee and clearly also used these alternative “Livage” spellings, but have no tradition of a connection to Dr Livingstone.
The McClays are in North America, but both have Northern Irish roots in Donegal. They hope to one day find a paper trail connecting their two obviously related families.
The Maclay family has been traced back to Clackmannanshire in the 1700s.
Strangely enough, because of the unusual mutation that kicked off this group long ago, they might be closer than it seems to our participants 32911, 15073, 15662, or 16930.
SMGF search for 19538.
The “Poropotank group” of Livingstons. The value for DYS390, 26, is extremely unusual. 25 is much more common, though still not very common. The individuals have evidence linking them to either John (I) Livingston of Poropotank, or John Orrell Livingston. The link between these two had been suspected and is now proven. The genealogists of this family suspected a connection to the “lowland” Livingstons of Callendar, either from the New York branch of this family (some of whom owned Clermont, and another of whom signed the Declaration of Independence), or directly from the Scottish Dunipace branch. While we do not have a positive match with any of the families claiming to descend from the New York Livingstons, it must be said that old aristocratic families often quite legitimately pass on surnames with inheritance, and not strictly according to male lines. DNA can only follow pure male lines. With such an old family, it is therefore difficult to be sure what to expect.
It is potentially genealogically useful for this family, looking for possible distant matches to its unusual DNA signature, that this family has tested positive for the ancient SNP mutation U106, also known as S21 or M405 (having been discovered several times by different labs). Male line relatives will also have this mutation.
SMGF matches. Ysearch for matches. Contact a member of this Livingston family.
The “Northwest Irish” type Dunleavys. Next are two more groups of Dunleavys from Ireland – probably related to each other, but no one else in our study. These ones have a more peculiarly North West Irish DNA signature that has been associated with the Ui Neill dynasty, “Niall of the Nine Hostages” and the region of Donegal. Most of the data comes from the above-mentioned Trinity College study, but we now have one Dunlavy and one Dunleavy who are members of the project.
Livingston 109136 and 27752 are definitely related, based on the close DNA result. We do not yet have genealogical information concerning 27752, but 109316 is a test result from the Livingstons of Kinderhook, who are often associated with the Livingstons of Clermont, who lived nearby at a similar time. They descend from James Livingston of Kinderhook in New York, who in 1728 married Catherine Kuhn, who was a “Palatine” (early protestant German immigrant). The family is mentioned on webpages. See for example http://www.clanmclea.co.uk/forum/show-message.asp?ID=3618
As can be seen by the match with our Dunlavy, this family has the DNA signature associated with NW Ireland. This would not be unusual for a Scottish or English family, but the ancient ancestry is most probably Irish. This dynasty are now known to share the SNP mutation M222. See for example http://www.m222.net/R1b1c7