The Lancaster and Satterthwaite Surname DNA project.
E-M35 Results and Satterthwaites, Satterfields etc.
Welcome to one of the results webpages of our genealogical DNA project for several Northern English surnames, which are especially associated with the historic county of Lancashire :-
1. The Lancaster group of surnames including Lanchester, Lancashire, Lankshear, Lankester, etc. Click for more information.
2. The Satterthwaite group of surnames including Satterwhite, Satterfitt, Satterfield, Sutterfield, etc. Click for more information.
This page is about results for all the surnames in group 2, plus all of the others who are in Haplogroup E-M35. Click for the homepage.
This project is a volunteer-run genealogical project, open to all families potentially affiliated with any surnames potentially related to those mentioned. It is run by participants, for participants, and affiliated with ISOGG, and not any single commercial lab. (We are recognized by most major testing companies working with genealogists.) This webpage and most associated with it are kept up-to-date, more-or-less, by Andrew Lancaster. The project and its webpages are work in progress, and may contain errors. If you think you see something you want to copy, please contact the author (email@example.com) to give us a chance to update you on the latest possibilities.
The above table combines results from several of our participants, tested at Family Tree DNA or DNA Ancestry, with more results taken from the public Sorenson database which appear to be closely related.
The first thing to point out is that there is one main DNA family to discuss and then several others…
Patterdale Lancaster E-M78*. The Patterdale Lancaster family above is E-M78 like the other Lancasters in this table, and comes from a similar part of Britain, but their last common male-line ancestor may have been more than 10,000 years ago. So the two different E-M78 Lancaster lines are not one male line. This is a scientifically interesting case of an E-M78 family which does not have V13 or any other known branch-defining SNP, although these have been checked for. Therefore it can be called “E-M78*”. This is in fact quite unusual, even in places like Africa where there is far more diversity of E haplotypes.
All Satterthwaite and Satterfield type surname results are included here, even if they do not match the most common male-line we find in all those surnames.
Main Lancaster-Satterthwaite line "E-L143". Our main E-M78 family above, including Lancasters, Satterthwaites, Satterfields etc is confirmed by SNP testing as having the mutation V13, which defines a well-known branch of E-M78 which is by far most common in Europe. This branch of the human family tree of male lines is increasingly referred to as “E-V13*”. But in this case “private mutation” called L143 has also been discovered by Thomas Krahn of Family Tree DNA. It unites this group, and also some families with the surnames Church, Carpenter, Holmes, and Pepper.
E-V13 is not the most common haplogroup in England, but it has been the subject of some attention. Useful reading includes:-
Andrew Lancaster, admin of this project, has written a review article concerning the deepest roots of this lineage: Lancaster, Andrew (2009), "Y Haplogroups, Archaeological Cultures and Language Families: a Review of the Multidisciplinary Comparisons using the case of E-M35", Journal of Genetic Genealogy 5 (1)
Steven Bird of the E-M35 project has suggested that E-V13 arrived in Britain mainly during the Roman era: “Haplogroup E3b1a2 as a Possible Indicator of Settlement in Roman Britain by Soldiers of Balkan Origin”, JOGG 3 (2)
There is more discussion of the mysterious link between Satterthwaites and Lancasters, as well as the origins of the Satterfields and Satterthwaites, on two separate webpages:
http://users.skynet.be/lancaster/Lancaster and Satterthwaite.html
James Lancaster married Hannah Salmon at Kendal, 14 April 1783. He appears to be the son of Abraham Lancaster of Patterdale baptised there 29 September 1754. Abraham in turn appears to be the son of Richard Lancaster baptised 2 August 1716 in Patterdale. He had possibly married Margaret Wren 29 August 1706. (There were other Richard Lancaster marriages in Patterdale in 1683 and 1690.)
Patterdale, once part of a greater parish called Barton, was home to Lancasters descended from both of the male lines of the de Lancaster Barons of Kendal, the Howgill line, and the Sockbridge line. Follow the links to learn more.
This was the first group in our study and perhaps it is no surprise that it is ahead in coming to interesting conclusions, as families already involved tend to contact others whom they suspect connections with. For more discussion of the region involved click here.
It is worth stating at the outset that…
The most obvious theory about this group is probably that they are all branches of the Gisburn Lancaster family, who were prosperous in the area from at least Tudor times. It appears that they had many “junior” branches who made their own way in the 17th and 18th century, often taking up a trade. In the 18th century, several of these seem to have been involved in the networking of the early Methodist movement of the area.
Secondly it must be stated that many would further link this family to the Lancasters of Westmorland, as for example is stated in Burke’s Peerage. See below.
The known descendents of Richard Lancaster are all currently Australian nationals - though quite widespread. This family lived many generations in the Macleay valley in Northern NSW, Australia, and all of them now descend from two brothers, John (teacher and farmer) and James (postmaster and farmer). There is a separate webpage about them. It was long felt that this family was related to the Lancasters of Gisburn, who will be discussed below. DNA has now been able to show that there is certainly some sort of link.
PEDIGREE COMPARISON POSSIBLE. Back to Richard Lancaster, is 7 generation steps for 22762, and 5 steps for 144588 within which sequence no connection to the other families in this group seems possible. Back to the common ancestor for both kits, Dr Llewellyn Bentley Lancaster of Kempsey, would be 3 generational for 22762 and 1 step for 144588.
It is interesting that this family appear to have been strongly involved in Methodism, like their genetic relatives, the Lancasters of Colne and Paythorne. This suggests that there may have been contact as late as the early 1700s.
From a "paper trail" point-of-view this family also deserves special mention in that it's Burke’s Peerage say that John Lancaster of Height, the father of the above mentioned William (d. 1762) was baptised 1712 in Askham near Sockbridge in Westmorland, far to the north, and is part of the Lancaster family which can be traced back from their to the times immediately following the Norman conquest. See our webpages on the Sockbridge Lancasters, and their ancestors the de Lancaster Barons of Kendal. The details of this theory can be questioned, but the basic theme of a possible connection to Westmorland is obvious to anyone who has studied the Lancasters of North-western England.
PEDIGREE COMPARISON POSSIBLE. William is the common ancestor for these two male lines - 6 generations back for 86728 and 8 back for 113346.
A separate webpage summarising research exists: http://users.skynet.be/lancaster/paythorne.htm. This family was very closely associated with the local Dodgson family, who they married into several times over many generations. These were the ancestors of Charles Dodgson, who is better known as Lewis Carroll, the author of Alice in Wonderland. Both families seem to have been land-owning yeomanry.
PEDIGREE REMARK. From our participant we can trace a male line back 9 generational steps to Thomas Lancaster of Paythorne whose will is dated 1642, and was proved 1645/6.
The family of Thomas Lancaster, born Bradford, Yorkshire in 1849 was identified via SMGF. Bradford is just over the county border from Colne. With the surname, the location, and DNA all matching, this is a certain relative. It seems he moved first to Detroit, Michigan in the USA.
This family is discussed more on a genealogical web page about Lancaster families in the Craven region of Yorkshire, around Gisburn: http://users.skynet.be/lancaster/Other%20Lancasters.htm . It is suggested there that they might be relatives of the Lancasters mentioned on Craig Thornber’s web page also: http://www.thornber.net/famhist/htmlfiles/lancaster.html.
PEDIGREE COMPARISON POSSIBLE. From the SMGF participant back to Thomas Lancaster, is 3 generation steps, and back to Robert Lancaster is 6 generation steps, within which sequence no connection to the other families in this group seems possible.
Kit 79272. This family descends from William’s son, Samuel Satterthwaite (25 Apr 1695 - 16 Aug 1773) who married Jane Osborn. This line came to settle in Indiana by the mid 19th century, which is where our participant was also born.
Kit N48897. This family had traced back to William Satterthwait who was born in New Jersey, and died after 1827 in Belmont County Ohio. In generations after him the family moved west and has lived in various generations in Iowa, Montana and Wyoming until we come to our participant who was born in Maryland. Our project members could compare notes and confirm that this William was born 22 September 1753, son of one Richard Satterthwaite, and great grandson of the earlier William Satterthwaite mentioned above, via his other son William Satterthwaite (16 Jul 1691 - 7 Feb 1739/40). It appears that the descendants of the latter William are the main users of the spelling Satterthwait, without the “e”.
PEDIGREE COMPARISON POSSIBLE. Both participants are 9 generational steps away from their common ancestor William, who emigrated from Britain.
The family is discussed on a webpage at http://www.arkansas-roots.com/
PEDIGREE REMARK. There are 5 generational steps back from our testing participant to Michael.
I1 haplogroup with Satterthwaite surname…
William Satterthwaite was born in Lancaster 1791, married Elizabeth Metcalf in June 1817 in Clitheroe, and died in Clitheroe, January 1864. Looking through baptisms for Lancaster, as indexed in the IGI, there seems to be only one match, William Satterthwaite was baptised 8 January 1792 at Saint Mary, Lancaster. He seems to have taken his surname from his single mother, Ellen Satterthwaite? This could be the explanation as to why he does not match the other Satterthwaites along the male line.
R1A haplogroup with Satterwhite surname…
This is an R1a haplotype, and not in the same male line shared by some Satterfield and Satterthwaite families.
While these surnames are definitely variants of each other originally, in America the Satterfield spelling is amongst the most common, while it is unsuual in other countries. Indeed, apparently, in modern times all these surnames are far more common in the USA than anywhere else. Several spelling variations arrived in the USA, but smaller variations continued to develop there. For several results in this category the information comes from that given by volunteers to the Sorenson foundation. However we can seemingly improve upon it in some cases.
2.3.1. The Satterfields of the USA
A large percentage of all American Satterfields apparently descend from a cluster of families who lived in Maryland in the early 18th century (1700s), (see forum posts by Roy Satterfield and Terry Brush) and then appear to have moved especially into the Carolinas as first. Particular concentrations occurred in particular regions of these two states, such as around Pendleton in SC, and around Orange Co in NC. From there they spread over the entire United States, particularly the southern states, heading west. The exact connections into the more easy-to-trace pedigrees starting in the 19th century are a matter of on-going discussion. The possible connections between different lines which have been Y DNA tested can be summarised as follows, grey being the main E-L143 line, and bright yellow signifying unsure connections…
As can be seen in graphical form there is clearly an underlying main male line, which is also the one which is close match to Satterthwaites and Satterwhites. Included in this are representatives of many lines…
Kit 125912. A descendant of James D. Satterfield, of Pendleton, South Carolina.
Kits 125916 and 163664 descend back to Robert Satterfield whose wife’s name was Catherine. They apparently came from Pendleton Co. and possibly died in Union Co. GA. For a time they also appear to have lived in Newberry Co. SC.
4 different results go back in different ways to Thomas Wilson Saterfield of Pendleton, who moved later in life to Georgia.
NOTE. On the internet, Thomas Wilson Satterfield is sometimes said to be the son of William and Rachel of South Carolina, who are sometimes said to have moved to Pendleton from Chowan County in North Carolina. However, research by Roy Satterfield show that while Thomas Wilson Satterfield may have been related to William, as someone named Thomas W. Satterfield signed some estate proceedings of the Pendleton William, Thomas was older than would expected to be this William’s son, and does not fit into the family he is known to have had. Furthermore, William and Rachel did not move to Pendleton District from Chowan County, North Carolina. Because of Census and Land records, Roy and others believe that the Satterfields in Pendleton District came there from the Orange County, North Carolina area.
SMGF1 and Ancestry1 results. The Satterfields of Georgia, descended from Edward Hamilton Satterfield of Chatooga Georgia, possible son of Thomas Wilson Satterfield. Their more recent common ancestor is Ammon Y Satterfield.
Kits 114007 and 113691 descend from Thomas Wilson Satterfield’s son Thedford H Satterfield. Both lived in South Carolina.
With the Sutterfield spelling, we have descendents of what appear to be two brothers or close relatives, both of whom appear first in the area of Laurens Co. SC.
Kit N51927. The Sutterfields of Washington, MO, can apparently be traced back to Edward M. Sutterfield, (d. Feb 12, 1851), who married Elizabeth Walton, (d. abt. 1838).
Kit 151902. Our participant can be traced back Peter Moore Sutterfield/Satterfield of Searcy Co. Arkansas. He married Mary Rogers on Jul 26, 1801, Laurens Co., S.C. Their first four children were born in South Carolina, and then they moved Tennessee.
These share the same DNA signature, and are in the same male line, and come from the same general region…
SMGF3 (Saterfiel) and SMGF2 (Saterfield) are 2 results traceable back to James A. Saterfield of Enterprise Mississippi, whose son James H Saterfield was born 1858. The web page of Gary Duane Satterfield gives evidence that this line may go back to North Carolina.
NOTE. The DNA results we have, which are limited in this case, show that the SMGF5 line of Fred W. Satterfield (below, from Chapel Hill MO) and one of the lines descending from James Wesley Satterfield share a distinct result on one marker (DYS458). Perhaps this is just a coincidence. It is difficult to determine anything from one marker, and the pattern is ambiguous.
Kits 125915, 161708, and 181340. Our participants can be traced back to revolutionary soldier William Satterfield and his wife Eunicy or Unicy. Although he was in the Maryland Regimient, and may have been born there, war pension documents from the 19th century say that he married about 1781-3 in Anson Co. NC. They also spent time in Greenville Co SC. The legal heirs at his death in 1813 were said to be Levi Satterfield, Matthew Satterfield, Hosea Satterfield & George G Satterfield. 161708 does not match the main line so further research needs to determine if we can work out why.
SMGF4. The Satterfields of Lunenburg, Virginia. The SMGF pedigree goes back to James Henry Satterfield who was born b. 16 Feb 1855 Lunenburg, Virginia to James William Satterfield and Ann Elizabeth Coleman. The project believes we can go back one more generation to John “David” Satterfield b. about 1771 VA, and married to Elizabeth Wilkinson.
SMGF5. The Satterfields of Chapel Hill, MO. The SMGF pedigree goes back to Fred W. Satterfield was born 8 Mar 1865 Chapel Hill, Missouri. The project believes this line can be traced back to the area of Orange Co. NC, at least as far as one James Satterfield born about 1789 in Person County.
Other male lines amongst the American Satterfields…
The reason that we refer to the above lines as the “main line” sometimes is because these other lines show no particular pattern. For the most part they do not match each other, and in several cases they do not match other lines in the same pedigree. So it appears these will be lines founded by events such as adoptions.
Satterfield Kits 130288, 120489, 153087
There is one generational step between 130288 and 120489. The great grandfather, three generational steps back, of both 130288 and 153087, and their most recent common ancestor, was Jesse Columbus Satterfield, born about 1846 in Ozark Co. Missouri, and previously thought to be James Columbus. It appears possible that his father was also named Jesse, who may have come from Warren Co. Kentucky. The DNA signature is very unusual, and therefore matches with some Wilson and Anderson families may very well be quite significant.
Several proposed descendants of Jeremiah Satterfield of Pendleton, who married Elizabeth Brashears about 1797.
It was strongly believed that the following kits would be members of the same family as lived in the Carolinas, descending from Jeremiah Satterfield. Jeremiah seems to have even in lived in Pendleton, around 1800, before moving to Kentucky, and then Tennessee. Surprisingly, not only do none of these lines match their proposed relatives from the Pendleton area, but we have in fact found 2 different R1b lines, and not in the same male line shared by some Satterfield and Satterthwaite families, and not matching either each other or any other Satterfield lines tested so far. There can be many very straightforward reasons for this, including informal adoption, which happened frequently in colonial times. Might Jeremiah have adopted his children?
Satterfield Kit 100925. Our participant has 4 generational steps back to Peter Satterfield, said to be a son of Jeremiah. This is an R1b haplotype. No very close matches have been found outside the project either yet.
Satterfield Kit 152047. Our participant has 3 generational steps back to Basil Satterfield, said to be a son of Jeremiah. This is an R1b haplotype. The closest matches are to families with the surname Rogers.
Two different lines with pedigree connection to Hezekiah "Ki" Satterfield, born 1811 in South Carolina
On a paper trail basis it is considered likely that Hezekiah could have been a some of Jeremiah, mentioned above, but here we found two more completely different lines:
Satterfield kit 125917. Our participant can trace his male line back 3 generational steps to his Great-Grandfather, Hezekiah "Ki" Satterfield, born 1811 in South Carolina. His son Augustus "Gus" Satterfield was born in Georgia, and the family now lives in Tennessee. We have not yet found any close matches to this male line.
Satterfield Kit 151849. Our participant also has 3 generational steps back to Hezekiah Satterfield, and 2 generations back to Gus Satterfield who should be their common ancestor. This is an R1b haplotype, but different from 125917. The closest matches are to families with the surnames Roberts, Allen and Runyon/Runyan/Runion.
SMGF6 Satterfield with R1b haplotype.
This appears to be another quite different male line, although also R1b. In this case the online pedigree at www.smgf.org tells us that the tested man was a grandson of William H. Satterfield who married Roxie Hardcastle and lived in Illinois. William came from Dahlonega Georgia and was the son of one John Satterfield. He in turn is linked to the South Carolina Satterfields by some genealogists, as the son of James D Satterfield, although this one tested descendant was not a main line match. The SMGF participant has 2 generations back to William and Roxie, and 5 generation steps back to James D. Satterfield and Sarah Corbin.
Satterfield Kit 125914 with R1b haplotype.
Our participant can trace his male line back 5 generational steps to his great great great grandfather, John Satterfield of Tennessee. The family stayed for several generations in the area, but our participant was born in Michigan. This family has a close DNA match with families of the surname Mace.
This Kit tested by DNA.Ancestry is our only DNA result known so far from the Setterfields of Kent. In modern times they have standardized their name to use “e” as the second letter, but in centuries past they also used spellings like Sutterfield.
This is an R1b haplotype, and not in the same male line shared by some Satterfield and Satterthwaite families.
This family should be the same as the one on this webpage: http://web.ukonline.co.uk/the.nook/charts/s/sette411.htm. The descendants of Alfred Cornelius Setterfield, baptised 20 August 1837 in Margate are traced back further there to a family who lived in Wingate in the mid 1600s.
While the Setterfields had always been assumed to be related to the Satterfields and Satterthwaites, and they may well still be, this surprise is not an enormous surprise because the two families had obviously been apart for a very long time. So the surname may have been passed on via a daughter, or in the world of the trades around London, even to an apprentice.
This particular Church family has confirmed that they do not share the same paternal line with their Church relatives who do in turn match other Church families, so the surname has been passed along without the DNA, either by adoption after second marriage, etc. Therefore their extremely close match leads to the obvious hypothesis that they descend along the male line from a man who had one of the surname of this project. For this reason they have joined our team in this project. This adoption of the name Church onto the son of a man who had another surname may have happened in Arkansas in the early 20th century.
The most likely surname out of the group to be that of our participant’s male-line ancestors appears to be Satterthwait.
This particular family is represented by a Carpenter participant who was adopted. His biological father is believed to have had the surname Potts, but somewhere back in his paternal line it seems clear that he is a member of our project’s “DNA family #1”. Mr Potts was a soldier from LeGore, Maryland who, at the time of his marriage in 1942 was stationed somewhere near the parish of Vernon, Louisiana.
The most likely surname out of the group to be that of our participant’s male-line ancestors currently appears to be Satterfield, but this may change as more results come in.
This American family descend from Walter Pepper b.1853 who immigrated from the West Riding of Yorkshire, near Leeds. Walter’s great grandfather John Pepper lived in Ardsley in the parish of Darfield, which is where he appears to have married Elizabeth Garret 27 July 1788, and then had three sons, John, Thomas and William. There were earlier Peppers in this parish but John’s baptism has not yet been located.
This Canadian family comes from Lancashire. Our participant’s father’s birth certificate in Liverpool lists the paternal grandfather as James Holmes. The mother was Alice Thompson, who later married to become Alice McEvoy. James is thought to have come from Lancaster, and further back to family is though to be from Furness in Lancashire.