The family of Matthew Bradley.
This is a page of genealogical notes, so it can be constantly revised and discussed. It will likely contain errors. If you are interested in this work, please contact me. If
you keep copies or spread information, please remember to note where it
came from. I would also like to ask that any relatives who have
interesting information or comments, to consider letting me know. We
should not under-rate how easily that family memories can be lost.
Keeping those memories alive always involves communicating and
working together. (It would also be nice to have some old photos for
this webpage!) I have been helped by many people, including especially
Dorne Saunders, and Nancy McLaughlin.
This webpage is primarily about the
family of Matthew Bradley (1834-1892), who moved from England to settle
eventually in Tumbarumba in the colony of New South Wales. He was my great
great great grandfather. Or, to put it another way he was
the grandfather of my great grandfather Horace Percival Livingstone,
through his mother, whose maiden name before she married George Meloss Livingstone (1873-1956) was Frances Louisa Bradley (1877-1929).
I have made several related webpages about other parts of my family tree, these are indexed at my main page. The following are especially relevant:
- A webpage about the ancestry of Matthew, who was from Kirkby Stephen in England.
- A webpage about the origins of Matthew's wife Martha Jane Oaks, whose father was a convict.
- A webpage about my Livingstone ancestors, who
representatives in Tumbarumba are also my link to the Bradleys. Adam
Standish Livingstone (1844-1920) (the father of George Melross Livingstone) and
Matthew Bradley were contemporaries and pioneers, who were important
men in their community. As will be shown below, they sometimes appear in the same
records, for example concerning citizens who were helping push for a
rail link from Wagga Wagga.
Introduction. Anthony Bradley and Agnes Dixon. The generation that started moving.Matthew
Bradley's parents were Anthony Bradley (1794-1848) and Agnes Dixon
(1803-1846). They married in Kirkby Stephen's ancient main church 15 Oct 1828.
As discussed on the other webpage,
Matthew Bradley's ancestors had for centuries been part of a relatively
stable rural community around the dales of Kirkby Stephen, near the head
of the river Eden in northwestern England. Kirkby Stephen was a market town
for its region. But in the 19th century, like
many families in this period, his parents moved the family into the
heart of the industrial revolution, in the Manchester region, quite far
to the south, where the whole world was changing. They kept
contact with home, as can be seen on censuses, and at least two of their children were eventually buried in Westmorland.
mainly been in the leather related trades in the town. Matthew’s father
Anthony also took up a trade, but it was one from the Hutchinson's on
his mother's side, brewing. Both brewing and the leather trade had been
typical trades in Kirkby Stephen in the 18th century. In directories
for 1830 and 1834, Anthony Bradley was a brewer or maltster in Kirkby
His brewing business stopped at some point, or perhaps simply
faded into being less important. For most of his children's baptisms he
was called a brewer, but by 1836, for the baptism of Isabella, he
started being referred to sometimes as a farmer. In the 1841 census at
Linster Street in Hulme
in Chorlton district (in Manchester, but south of the Medlock river)
Anthony was again for a while a journeyman brewer. At his and
his wife's deaths in 1846 and 1848 he is a farmer. Matthew recorded his
father's profession later as a clerk, which is a bit vague but suggest
office work. It is notable that Kirkby
Stephen had a tradition of education for children, partly because
of the sponsorship of certain local land-owning families,
some ancestors of Agnes. This may have come in handy in industrial
Children living with the parents in 1841 were William 12,
Thomas 11, Isabella 4 and James 2. Anthony 9 and Matthew 6 were in
Kirkby Stephen with their maternal grandmother Isabella (Bella) Dixon,
grocer, as well, apparently, as their uncle William Dixon, a 39 year
old farmer. As explained on the other webpage about the ancestry of Anthony and Agnes,
Bella Dixon née Wharton was the mother of Agnes, and indeed
William. In 1851 we find Bella's sister Mary Wharton looking after
The baptisms and birth information we have for the children:
Death registrations of Anthony and Agnes:
John Bradley. Baptised 15th March 1829 in Kirkby Stephen. Son of
Anthony & Agnes Bradley, Kirkby Stephen. Anthony was a common
brewer at the time of baptism.
- Thomas Bradley. Baptised 4th
August 1830 in Kirkby Stephen. Son of Anthony & Agnes Bradley,
Kirkby Stephen. Anthony was a common brewer at the time of baptism.
Hutchinson Bradley. Baptised 25th March 1832 in Kirkby Stephen. Son of
Anthony & Agnes Bradley, Kirkby Stephen. Anthony was a common
brewer at the time of baptism.
- Matthew Bradley. Baptised
19th January 1834 in Kirkby Stephen. Son of Anthony
& Agnes Bradley, Kirkby Stephen. Anthony was a common
brewer at the time of baptism.
- Isabella Bradley. Baptised
14th October 1836, in Kirkby Stephen. Daughter of Anthony
& Agnes Bradley, Kirkby Stephen, but at this baptism
Anthony was a farmer.
Baptised 26th June 1839, in Kirkby Stephen. I have not seen
the original, so I do not know what profession Anthony is named as
having. NOTE: Many genealogists
include a Ewart Bradley, about the same age as James, but he could
never be traced. "Ewart" can be found as the transcription of the
difficult 1851 census for what is upon inspection "James", for example
on findmypast.com. The civil birth registration was made East Ward
of Westmorland 25/443, and tells us his birth was on the 2nd of June
1839 in Kirkby Stephen. His father is described as a brewer, with
Kirkby Stephen simply being the address. Agnes' maiden name of Dixon is
- Cowper Dixon Bradley.
Baptised 3rd July
1842 in Hulme (not scanned online so I have not seen it). Civil birth
registration is in Chorlton (20/255), and explains he was born 13
December 1841 "at Hulme". His father is described as a brewer, living
at 70 Crown Street, Hulme, and his mother's maiden name of Dixon is
confirmed. The combination of Cowper or Cooper with Thomas
and/or Dixon is a family tradition that apparently derives from
the marriage the uncle of Agnes, Thomas Dixon, to Margaret Cooper, 10
Apr 1794 in Appleby. They had a child named Thomas Cooper Dixon
baptised in Kirkby Stephen the next year.
- Mary Bradley. Baptised 2 June 1844 in Hulme. Anthony was a farmer. The baptism entry can be seen on page 9 of the scan on Familysearch. The civil registration must be 20/291, in the 1st qtr of 1844 in Chorlton district.
Bradley. With the help of Nancy MacLaughlin we know of her: baptised 31
May 1846 in Hulme, the same year her mother died. Anthony was a farmer. The baptism entry can be seen on page 9 of the scan on Familysearch.
Her civil birth registration seems to be 2nd qtr 1845 in Chorlton,
20/282. Her death registration is Chorlton 20/147, which
tells us she died 11 November 1848 at Jacksons Farm, Warde Street,
Hulme. This was (as the certificate says) after her parents died, and
the death was reported by her brother W. J. Bradley, at the said
address. The cause of death was marked as uncertain, with no medical
Agnes Bradley, female, 43 years, wife of Anthony Bradley, Farmer
Died 11 October 1846, Farm House, Warde Street, Hulme, Chorlton, of Gastric Fever, 1 week, certified
Informant: Anthony Bradley of the same address, present at death
Registered 14 October 1846 by registrar William Sorby
Anthony Bradley, male, 54 years, Farmer
9 September 1848, Jackson's Farm, Warde Street, Hulme, Chorlton, of
Pleuritis Acute, 6 days, Hydrothorax Anasarea, Certified
Informant: William John Bradley of the same address, present at death
Registered 12 Sept 1848 by registrar William Sorby
Street in Hulme (pronounced Hyoom) is still there, or at least a
version of it is, despite the fact that the area has been through
massive changes. The area where Jackson's Farm was was part of a
massive redevelopment connected to a Rolls Royce plant after the second
world war, which was in turn destroyed in recent decades. See for
old map. By looking at various old maps it is clear that there was no
large expanse of farming area by the late 1840s, and that the area was being built up
quickly in this period.
It is interesting that the young Friedrich Engels
spent time in the area and wrote about the new industrial slums in
exactly this period. Hulme itself was not the worst area, but it was
close to some. As quoted by Wikipedia, Engels wrote about it that, "the
more thickly built-up regions chiefly bad and approaching ruin, the
less populous of more modern structure, but generally sunk in filth".
By the time the Bradleys were all gone, it was becoming one of the
and Agnes died at a fairly young age before the next
census in 1851 and critical parts of that census are damaged or
findmypast.com seem to have managed to get a transcription up, and
Ancestry show a scan of the damaged page which is legible in many
places. It shows that the family is still in Hulme with the oldest boy
William John Bradley as head of household, in an un-numbered house on
the street called
Abbey Grove. Most of the family is said to be born in the
same place, which I read as "Scotland, Kirkby Stephen" with
"Westmoreland" then written in over Kirkby Stephen. Of course Scotland
is incorrect, but I guess that says something about how their accents
would have sounded? This is who was there:
- William Bradley, 22, is the head of the family, and an agent for stocks and fancy goods
- Thomas Bradley, 20, is his brother, and a clerk in a cotton manufacturer.
- Anthony Bradley, 19, another brother, is a "worker and traveller"
- Matthew Bradley, 17, another brother, is a clerk in stocks and fancy goods, so perhaps working with William?
- James Bradley, (not Ewart), is an 11 year old brother marked as a scholar, who is said
to be born in the same place in Westmorland as his older brothers.
Bradley, 9, is another scholar brother, but this time born locally in
- Mary Bradley, 7, is a sister scholar, again born locally.
33? 55?, is a house keeper and aunt, born in Kirkby Stephen
like the older boys. Note: findmypast think her name is Ellen, and
ancestry.com have Biddy! Both suggest an age of 33. Nancy McLaughlin
suggests she is Mary and 55, which would match a baptism in Kirkby
Stephen 3 Sep 1795 for Mary, dau of Wm Bradley & Margaret
Hutchinson. This would make her a sister of Anthony Bradley and an
aunt of his children.
The generation that was divided between different continentsWe still have more to learn, but here are summaries.
1. William John Bradley (1829-1863).The
1861 census shows him still in Greater Manchester but a bit further out of the congested area at 4 Moss Lane West,
Stretford, in the registration district of Barton-Upon-Irwell (which I
guess was the name of a much bigger district than Barton upon Irwell itself).
William's marriage can be traced in indexes of civil marriage registrations. He married Lavinia Boulton Murgatroyd in
the 2nd qtr of 1858 in Chorlton district (8c/530). This certificate
says that the marriage happened 19 May 1858 after banns, William being
29, and Lavinia being 22, both previously unmarried and living in
"Albertgrove". William's father was Anthony, a brewer, while Lavinia's
was Benjamin, and a farmer. One of the witnesses was George Murgatroyd,
and the other seems to be Joshua Anderson Sutter?
- William John Bradley, head of the family, 32 years old, Clothing Agent born Kirkby Stephen, Westmorland.
Boulton Bradley, his wife, 25 years old and described as being occupied as
a Clothing Agent Wife. She was born in Yorkshire.
Agnes Bradley, their daughter, was 2, and born locally
in Stretford, Lancashire. Familysearch tells us she was baptised
in Manchester cathedral 22 Feb 1859.
William Bradley, their son, was 1, and also born locally
in Stretford, Lancashire. Baptism Manchester cathedral 24 May 1860.
- Mary Ann GRAHAM, was living with them as a house servant, 17 years old and born in Lincolnshire
There is another baptism in Manchester cathedral in 12 Dec 1861, to Tom Bradley. He appears to have died before the next census.
also can not find William, nor even the more unusually named Lavinia
Bradley in the 1871 census. But we can find that Lavinia
Boulton Bradley (with the middle name included in the index)
married in Salford district Lancashire in the 2nd quarter of 1868
(8d/11). This implies that William was dead, as divorce was difficult
and unusual. From the indexing we can see the groom was either William
Abraham Cheetham, or Richard Walford.
is a death for
William John Bradley in Barton upon Irwell, 2nd quarter 1863 (8c/354).
This corresponds to a burial 5 May 1863 All Saints, Chorlton on
Medlock. William John Bradley, 34 years old, had been living at 4
Gladstone Street, Stretford. The death certiicate says he died 1 May
1863, at 4 Gladstone Street, Stretford. He was a 34 year old "agent for
sale of carpet bags". He died after 3 months of Phthisis, and Lavinia B
Bradley was present at the said address at the time.
Searching for Lavinia under a new surname, in the 1871 census we can find "Lavinia B.
Cheetham", 35 year old wife of William A. Cheetham, in Pendleton in
the Salford district. Her daughter Edith, though called a step daughter, has taken
up the Cheetham name. Reginald W, 11, is still a Bradley, and there is
also another step child Ernest Bradley, 7 years old. He had been
William's last child baptised in Manchester Cathedral, 15 Dec 1863.
Trying to follow William's family:
to family folklore heard by Dorne, William did go to Australia, but was
aboard a boat which was ship-wrecked. This could never be traced. On
the other hand, I am fairly confident of the above.
1881, Edith Agnes Bradley, 22 years old, seems to be the domestic
servant born in Manchester, who is living with the Evans family in
It also seems likely she is Edith Agnes Bradley who married in Salford
in the 2nd quarter of 1885 (8d/168). Her surname after that was
probably Hurst, Higgins, or Brough.
- In 1874, Reginald William
age last birthday 14, appears in Manchester Prison, charged
with stealing 2 pounds. He is described as having large burn marks on
each jaw, burn marks on each forearm, a mole inside his left thigh and
a mole near his left elbow. He was an office boy in Manchester before
the crime. His mother, who he lives with, is clearly named as Lavinia
Cheetham of Hampton St Salford. I can not find him in 1881, but I think
that he is likely to be the 29 year old Reginald William Bradley whose
death was registered in the 3rd qtr of 1889, in Congleton Cheshire
1881 "Earnest Bradley (Cheetham)" is still with his mother in Salford.
He was a "carver and gilder" born in Stretford. In 1891 "Ernest
Bradley", carver and gilder, is married to Margaretta and with a family
of his own, 1 John Street, Reddish, in Cheshire. It appears Ernest has
a descendent who has put his tree on familysearch, giving more details about his family.
is a widow in the 1891 and 1901 censuses, still living at Hampton
street. She had more children. A Lavinia Cheetham died in the last
quarter of 1906, 70 years old, in Stretford district (8c/440).
2. Thomas Bradley (1830-1904).Thomas Bradley arrived in Victoria November 1852 aboard the El Dorado aged 22 years (with Matthew). They were unassisted passengers who paid their own fair.
and his brothers must have been together some years at Barker's Creek,
but stayed on when Matthew left in 1855, and was still there in 1862
when Anthony died.
The Argus (Melbourne), Thursday 6 February 1862 has a message:
message would have been only a few months before the death their
brother Anthony Hutchinson Bradley (below), whose death was registered by
giving INFORMATION of the whereabouts or fate of MATTHEW BRADLEY, from
Manchester, who left Barker’s Creek, November, 1855, for the Ovens
Melbourne, will receive £10 reward. Thomas Bradley, Post Office,
It seems he found Matthew eventually. A Thomas Bradley, photographer,
was in Tumbarumba in the 1860s.
He died in Yackandandah, Victoria, in 2 July 1904,
a travelling photographer, 74 years old. His grave mentions Anthony and
Agnes, but it is modern. More importantly, Dorne found that the inquiry into his intestate death heard that he had
several nephews and neices living in Tumbarumba. Yackandandah is near the Ovens area.
3. Anthony Hutchinson Bradley (1832-1862).Anthony Hutchinson Bradley arrived in Victoria in November 1853 aboard the Mobile,
"A. H. Bradley" aged 21 years (with James aged 7). Like Thomas and
Matthew, they were unassisted passengers who paid their own fair.
(Melbourne), Wednesday 27 July 1859, reports an appointment:
"Flint William Stacey, Anthony Hutchinson Bradley, and William Vaux, to
be the trustees of the ground set apart at Barker's Creek as a
site for cricketing and general recreation purposes".
Anthony Hutchinson Bradley died aged 30 on 3rd May 1862 of dysentery, at Specimen Gully, Barkers Creek, Victoria.
He was buried at Campbells Creek/ Castlemaine, Victoria 4th May 1862.
At that time he was a miner by occupation.
Brother Thomas Bradley was the informant of Anthony's death.
4. Matthew Bradley (1834-1892). As mentioned above, Matthew arrived in Victoria, Australia, on the El Dorado
on 19 Nov 1852 at the
age of 19, with his brother Thomas Bradley. As mentioned on his death
certificate, he was in Victoria for
about 3 years before moving up to NSW.
As we know from the newspaper
message of his brother Thomas, mentioned above, he had headed out
towards the Ovens diggings about 1855, and his movements were possibly based on
looking for new gold fields. The Ovens diggings were in the
direction of Tumbarumba. In
fact, newspapers of the time show a lot of interest in the Tumbarumba
as a new gold field at precisely this time, and in most other ways it
was probably not very well developed. So it seems very likely that
Matthew went to Tumbarumba with the gold rush in mind still. Newspapers
were also mentioning the gold fields at Adelong in this same time
eventually settled in the newly developing town of Tumbarumba, and his own position developed within it,
especially once he started having children. He soon
showed an interest in making sure the town had education and
communication with the outside world.
Jane Oak(e)s (of Yass) at Albury 27th June 1859. (In some of the
children's baptisms other dates is given, sometimes the 29th, and
sometimes July.) This may be before he had settled anywhere. We do not
in Albury which was a big district, but on
Martha's death certificate she says she was married in Yarra Yarra,
NSW. This gives confusion: the Yarra Yarra river, now more commonly
just the Yarra, is
entirely in Victoria, and not close. There is also a place in NSW which
is a parish of Goulburn, not close to Albury. However if we look at the
birth registration of their first child in 1862 we see that Matthew and Martha
were then living at "Yarra Yarra Station" in the district of Albury, and Matthew was storekeeper there.
And so we can locate the place.
Yarra station is on Billabong Creek, near Holbrook north of Albury. We
also know that in 1854, some years earlier, Martha Jane's parents had a
younger brother William Oaks baptised at Mullengandra Inn, which is
between Albury and Yarra Yarra station. on the same main road to
Sydney, today know as the Hume highway. It must be around this area
that Matthew met his future wife. He had not yet stopped moving, but he
was slowing down.
Matthew must have arrived at this station
during a period when it had gone through some odd times. In the 1850s,
Mr Feeney, the station manager there, who had originally got the job
from an absentee landlord who was a Catholic missionary in Hobart, was
for right or wrong the source of much conflict with a procession of
owners. About the time of Matthew and Martha, it was taken over for a
while by a future politician named George Day.
Like Matthew, George had moved up from the Victorian goldfields. He'd
made some money as a storekeeper there, and gotten increasingly into
cattle grazing. Perhaps he was an inspiration to Matthew, who would
follow a similar path on a smaller scale. Another thing which might
have been life changing was the massive cull which happened on the
property in 1861, after the property had been taken over by the
McLaurin brothers (whose family then held the place for generations).
In August 1861 they found they had an outbreak of
pleuro-pneumonia epizootica. This was reported not only all over the
Australian colonies but even in New Zealand. The Melbourne Argus took an article from the Ovens Advertiser,
Nov. 9: "The Yarra Yarra station, belonging to Mr. M'Laurin, is now
being routed, contracts having been accepted for the slaughtering of
3,000 head. The contractors, we believe, have commenced their work by
digging large pits, into which the slaughtered cattle are to be thrown
and burned up at the rate 100 per day. This is, no doubt, a good way of
clearing out a bad stock – realising £4,500." It is perhaps no
coincidence that Matthew's first profession in Tumbarumba was as a
butcher, and he apparently harboured plans to open a slaughter house
throughout his life, as we will be explained below.
approximately 17 years old when she married. Martha
and Matthew had approximately 15 children, the 15 named below, and
apparently three infant boys born before 1867 who did not live long,
and whose births and deaths were not registered.
The following is just a selection from newspapers, and
not claiming to be complete. Certainly concerning land deals there are
many newspaper notices, and unravelling those would be a challenge in
a grazier & auctioneer, died of a cerebral haemorrhage, 20th
October 1892. In newspapers, I find very little about his being an
auctioneer, although I did find him in a directory. The one advert I
found in a paper so far is The Manaro Mercury, and Cooma and Bombala Advertiser.
In various editions of December 1885, it concerns a sale of a "SUMMER
RUN within 50 miles of Cooma. Fine Open Downs, well-grassed and
watered; carry 40,000 sheep all the season." People were to apply to
"M. BRADLEY, Auctioneer, Tumbarumba".
- The Tumut & Adelong Times Thursday 29 December 1864,
in its General Intelligence section, under "Mail
Contracts" announced in the Government Gazette, mentions a three
year contract to Mathew Bradley to do Tarcutta and Adelong, three times
a week on horseback. Tarcutta, like Mullengandra and Holbrooke, is on
the road between Sydney and Albury, but it is one step further away
from Albury. Adelong
is due east from Tarcutta, but further into the hills, and off the main
road. By horse Matthew may have crossed the hills
rather than taking one of today's main routes. In doing this he was
coming closer to Tumbarumba, which lies south of his mail run. Tracking
back in time looking at mail contracts in the area
I find that The Goulburn Herald Saturday
5 January 1856 reports "accepted tenders for the conveyance of the Post
Mails during 1856" and includes "conveyance of the mail, by a two-horse
mail cart, from and to Yass, Gundagai, Tarcutta, and Albury, twice
a week, £1600, and £10 per week for all seats required by Government,
is to be under the management of Messrs. Conley and Bradley." Not sure
if this is Matthew, as the surname is common, but anyway postal
work may have also given an idea to try tendering for other government
- The Gundagai Times Saturday 7 March 1868,
M. Bradley was amongst a group of people making accepted tenders for
forage on account of the public service, his being of course for
Tumbarumba, the contract to last from 1 April 1868 until 31 March 1869.
He would be supplying oats, bran, hay and straw, but he made no tender
- The Gundagai Times Saturday 5 March 1870
reports a court case about a stolen horse at Tumbarumba, wherein the
first witness, "Thomas P. Davis, poundkeeper, Tumbarumba", deposed
that he "knew a farmer named Bradley, living near Tumbarumba ; he had a
colt keeping for Mr Langford two or three years ago; it was a
chesnut yearling about twelve months old, with a white face and four
white legs". "Mathew Bradley; butcher and farmer at Tumbarumba,
deposed that he had a chestnut colt with white head and face and white
legs in his yard about three years ago."
- October 1870,
the newspapers report that Messrs. Michael Langford, J.P., Robert
Drought Mathews, Joseph Wyburn, and Matthew Bradley have been appointed
members of the school board for the local board for the Tumbarumba
- I notice that The Gundagai Times Saturday 18 February 1871
has an advert for the Tumbarumba Jockey Club Races, where Mr M. Bradley
is listed as a Steward, the Starter, and the Treasurer. More such
adverts exist. He clearly had an interest in horses.
- June 1871 The Sydney Morning Herald reports that the Bench of Magistrates have appointed Mr Matthew Bradley, Keeper of the Public Pound at Tumbarumba.
- The Gundagai Times Saturday 22 July 1871:
"At a public meeting held at Mr Murphy's Union Hotel, on the evening of
Monday, 10th inst., for the purpuse of devising some plan to raise the
deficiency in the local sum for the new Public School here, it was
decided that a fancy bazaar be held in the spacious ball-room of the
late Exchange hotel, on Monday, 7th of August next, and the following
gentlemon were elected a committee to carry out the necessary
arrangements: — Messrs M. Bradley, H.. Hayward, W. Travis, T. Daley, A.
M'Glyn, J. P. Swanston, and J. Wyburn, who, on behalf of the committee,
will most thankfully receive all donations."
- The Tumbarumba correspondent of The Gundagai Times Saturday 25 November 1871,
writes that the variable weather is making the grass very green and the
cattle very fat: "I have even heard complaints lately against our local
butcher (Mr. Bradley) for supplying his customers with too fat beef."
- 18 March 1872, Mr. Mat. Bradley had a winning horse at the Tumbarumba Annual Races, by the name of Vandyke (by Arataxerxes).
- The Tumbarumba correspondent of The Gundagai Times Saturday 18 October 1873,
writes about the problems of having no courts, nor even Justices of the
Peace in town, so that "our police have to ride from 30 to 50 miles in
search of a J.P., whenever one is required. This certainly is a most
unsatisfactory State of affairs, which could be remedied by placing
J.P. at the end of Mr Waller's name, and also conferring a similar
honor upon Messrs. Ramsay, Travis, and Bradley, all of whom would be
ornaments to our local Bench." I do not think this ever happened though.
- November 1872,
we know from the birth registration of the baby who would become known
as George Matthew Bradley, that Matthew was a butcher at that time, and
already living at "Clover Bank". The registration also reports that
there had been 3 dead male children before George.
- June 1873, Matthew had 7 children baptised at once in Adelong, 4 boys and 3 girls. (Discussed in more detail below.)
- In 1878,
apparently one of the more widely reported things he ever did, Matthew
Bradley purchased a horse. "Mr S. M. Swift has sold to Mr Matthew
Bradley, of Tumbarumba, at a high figure his much admired horse Pegasus
who took honors at the late show. The Tumut district will not lose the
services of this valuable horse as Mr Bradley has made arrangements we
believe for taking mares from those parts to Tumbarumba." (Gundagai Times Friday 29 March 1878).
- In April 1878, several papers including The Gundagai Times report how "Mr. W. B. Gibbs, of Carabost, has sold one hundred (100) store bullocks to Mr.Bradley, of Tumbarumba."
- Tuesday 9 November 1880, the Gundagai Times
reports: "On Saturday 150 head of cattle, the preperty of Matthew
Bradley, of Tumbarumba, travelling from near Queanbeyan to Albury,
crossed tho Gundagai bridge."
- Australian Town and Country Journal Saturday 16 July 1881 reports a sales of 53 head of fattened stock to Mr Bradley of Tumbarumba.
- From the Tumut correspondent of The Gundagai Times Friday 26 August 1881:
"Mr. E. G. Brown reports the sale of 20 fat bullocks from Mrs. A. M.
Shelley's Tumut Plain paddocks to Mr. M. Bradley, of Tumbarumba."
- Friday 25 November 1881, the Gundagai Times reports from Tumut that "Messrs. Kiley and Sons have sold 20 head of fat cattle to Mr. Matthew Bradley, of Tumbarumba".
- The Government Gazzette announcements in the papers of Wednesday 18 January 1882 reports appointments for the Tumbarumba General burial ground — Messrs. William Travis, Matthew Bradley, and Henry Diessell.
- 15 September 1884, the death of Matthew's daughter Jane Isabella Bradley, at their home.
- December 1884, Mr Bradley of Tumbarumba put 100 horses into auction at Albury Market.
- The Tumbarumba correspondent of the Wagga Wagga Advertiser, Tuesday 7 July 1885:
"An influential and enthusiastic meeting was held here on Monday last
for the purpose of forming a Railway League." It was another ancestor
of mine, A.S. Livingstone who moved "That a Railway League be
formed, to be called 'The Tumbarumba-Wagga League.' He further said
that "the Wagga line was the only one that would suit this district,
and painted out that at certain seasons of the year the Adelong ronte
would be stopped with the snow, and also that but few people would be
benefited by that line. He further said that it would take £60 an acre
to clear some of the Bago land, whereas the proposed Wagga line
embraced some of the finest land in the colony, and at the same time
would be of great use to hundreds of selectors along the line." This
resolution was carried. Mr. Thomas Bullock proposed that "Messrs
Hinder, Ramsay, Wilson, S. Daly, R. Murphy, C. Woodhouse, Thomas Mate,
J. Byrne, A. Lukins, R. Levis, A. Daly, J. St. Smith, M. B. Gray, M.
Bradley, Thomas Bullock, and A. S. Livingstone be appointed a
committee, with power to add to their number." This was also passed.
- February 1888, Matthew Bradley was a judge at the Tumut cattle show.
- July 1888,
Matthew Bradley had an application before the Local Land Board in the
Tumbarumba court house, for a special lease on 200 acres of crown land
in county Selwyn parish Tumbarumba for slaughtering. He also had an
application for extension of time to complete fencing on two
conditional leases, 1308 acres and 590 acres, both in county
Selwyn,parish Burra. John Wm Anthony Bradley had a similar application
in for 570 acres also in Burra.
- The Government Gazette of 17 August 1888, as published the next day in the Sydney Morning Herald,
announced "Messrs. Matthew Bradley, John Byrnes, Thomas Mate, William
Willans, and George Wilde Evans to be trustees of the land at
Tumbarumba dedicated for the use of the Tumbarumba Pastoral and Agricultural Association."
- October 1888:
"Special Lease for slaughtering purposes, by Matthew Bradley, being
No.87-2, of 200 acres, oounty Selwyn, parish Tumbarumba. Recommonded to
be granted for two years, at an annual rental of £20." (But see below.)
- Australian Town and Country Journal Saturday 8 November 1890.
"An Exciting Court Case was heard on Tuesday last, and one in
which a deal of interest was taken - R. D. Mathews (merchant)
versus Mathew Bradley (poundkeeper). The plaintiff, at the request and
in company with the trustees for the common and other townsmen, wont to
inspect the pound and its surroundings. The treatment which the
plaintiff met with was such that the matter was placed in the police
court, and resulted in the defendant being fined £1, or seven days'
gaol, for threatening language. Same defendant bound over to keep the
peace for six months. The Land Board have been here for nearly a
fortnight, during which time a considerable amount of business has been
gone through. The court closed on Thursday alternoon. One case worthy
of special notice is that of M. Bradley's application for the lease of
300 acres of ground on Pound Creek under a slaughtering licence, which
the court would not grant, applicant not being a permanent slaughterer."
- In the run-up to an election, the Tumbarumba correspondent of the Wagga Wagga Advertiser Saturday
27 June 1891, reports in glowing terms the "grand reception" which "has
never before been accorded to any of the candidates" by Messrs.
Lyne and Hayes, who addressed the electors in Byrnes' Hall,
apparently mainly on an anti-freetrade theme, "Mr Bradley being in the
chair". This may well be Matthew. I know also from records from my
Livingstone side that Lynn was popular, and that politics could be
rowdy. Indeed Lynn stayed with A.S. Livingstone sometimes when visiting
- From the Tumbarumba correspondent of the Wagga Wagga Advertiser Thursday 20 August 1891:
"Herbert Benyon was charged at the police court here with striking Mr.
M. Bradley with a whip on the evening of Mr. Harper's visit to this
town at the last election. [...] After a deal of evidence had been
taken the bench fined the defendant £2 and costs, or in default two months in goal."
- From the Tumbarumba correspondent of the Wagga Wagga Advertiser Saturday 10 September 1892:
"Monday, 29th August, was quite a field day at the local Police Court,
no less than six magistrates being on the Bench, and all this display
over three or four paltry cases against tho poundkeeper, Mr M. Bradley,
resulting from he (the poundkeeper) having impouuded some cattle
depasturing on the common that had strayed into the Glenroy Estate, of which Mr. Bradley is the manager."
- Friday 5 May 1893 The Sydney Morning Herald
reports an Albury land case which went before the Supreme Court,
involving Matthew Bradley (although he had now passed away). A couple
by the name of O'Keeffe were claiming that a transfer of land they made
to one John McAuliff was invalid because the wife had signed it
invalidly. Matthew was on McAuliff's side.
- The Tumbarumba correspondent for the Wagga Wagga Advertiser Saturday 11 January 1896
remarks on efforts to find new trustees for the general cemetary at
Tumbarumba, given that both the old ones were now deceased, one of whom
was Matthew Bradley.
- August 1901,
we read that concerning the estate of the late Mathew Bradley of
Tumbarumba, Grazier, administration will be granted to George Mathew
Bradley, one of the sons.
- Wagga Wagga Advertiser Thursday 20 August 1903
contains an advert placed announcing that the administrator of the
estate of the late Mathew Bradley, has instructed that there be an
auction to be held in Tumbarumba of "The well-known PONY STALLION, TRUE
BLUE, and9 Head USEFUL PONIES".
- Albury Banner and Wodonga Express Friday 20 November 1903
reports "Cloverbank, the homestead of the late Mathew Bradley, was
submitted to public auction on Monday last, the purchaser beiog Mr
Thos. Bradley at tbe ridiculously low fee of £50. There was not any opposition bidding." Strangely, the Tumut Advocate says it was John Bradley who secured it for this low price.
- Adelong and Tumut Express Friday 5 February 1904:
"MINING The recent wash-up at the Union Jack did not prove as good as
previous washings. A slight stir was created in mining circles last
week when Bradley and party reported having struck good prospects for
gold in their claim on Pound Creek (near the old Cloverbank homestead,
Tumbarumba)." (Not sure who Bradley and party would be. Could it be a coincidence?)
Martha, mother & housewife, died 3rd June 1901 of sudden heart failure.
Both were buried on the family property "Clover Bank" at Tumbarumba.
Dorne informs me that the
property is now the Tumbarumba Golf Course and Martha and Matthew's
graves are behind the clubhouse, which is now where the original
homestead was. Probably several of their children were also buried there.
5. Isabella Bradley (1836- ?). In
the 1851 census Isabella is not with her brothers, nor her little
sisters, but back in Kirkby Stephen, a scholar and a 16 year old niece
of 70 year old Mary
Wharton, an unmarried Gentlewoman. They were both born in Kirkby
Stephen. In the
Wharton section of my Bradley ancestry page
I explain how this would be a sister of Bella Dixon née Wharton,
the mother of Agnes, and therefore actually a great aunt. She had also
been looking after Matthew and Anthony in 1841.
can not trace Isabella yet after 1851, and that probably means she
either died or married before 1861. Isabella Bradley is a reasonably
common name, but for example there are death registrations for Isabella
Bradley in the Kendal Ward of Westmorland in the second qtr of 856
(10b/368), and in the last quarter of 1860 (10b/400). There is also a
marriage registration in Chorlton in 3rd qtr 1855 (8c/547).
6. James Bradley (1839- ?).James
was the last of the children to be baptised in Westmorland. He arrived in Victoria at the age of 13 years, with older
brother Anthony Hutchinson Bradley in November 1853 aboard the Mobile.
Dorne thinks he may also have become a photographer.
7. Cowper Dixon Bradley (1842-1867). He may be the first one born and baptised in Manchester. He
is sometimes reported to have been baptised/born in Kirkby Stephen. I
am not totally sure he was not because I have no access to that
register for that date, but have doubts. The unusual name Cowper seems to be a lead to something, but I am not sure what.
In the census of 1861 he is a 19 year old Lodger in Hulme, born in Westmorland. His occupation is "salesman in a shop".
Dixon Bradley, tobacconist, died aged 25 years, 9th August 1867 at Lord
Street, Southport, Lancashire. A Benjamin Hawke (first letter appears to
be an "H") was present at his death and the informant of his death, and was a resident of Lord Street, Southport.
is very nice to find that his family apparently knew of this, and
arranged to have him buried in Westmorland. His memorial can be found
It is not in Kirkby, but Appleby St Lawrence, where he had family: "In affectionate remembrance of Cowper Dixon
Bradley who died at Southport, Lancashire 9th August 1867 aged 25
years, also of Mary his sister, the wife of Isaac Teasdale Carlisle who
fell asleep in Jesus 28th November 1871 aged 27 years."
8. Mary Bradley (1844-1871). In 1861 Mary was a 16 year old scholar, born Manchester, with her 90 year old grandmother Isabella Dixon in Appleby.
She stayed in Westmorland, and married, but died quite young. See
Cowper’s memorial above which mentions her: “the wife of Isaac Teasdale
Carlisle who fell asleep in Jesus 28th November 1871 aged 27 years”.
Teasdale of Carlisle (son of Isaac Teasdale) married Mary
Bradley (daughter of Anthony Bradley) 20 Dec 1870, in Saint
Michael's Church, Appleby, Westmoreland. So she died less than a year
after her marriage. Her married life did however happen to coincide
with the 1871 census, which shows Isaac and Mary living in the civil
parish of Botchergate, ecclesiastical parish of Christchurch,
registration district of Carlisle, sub-district St Cuthbert, in the
County of Cumberland. (Cumberland and Westmorland are today both part
of Cumbria.) Mary is shown as having been born in Hulme, and 27 years
old. They had a Scottish live-in house servant.
9. Margaret Bradley (1846-1848?). She
was born in the same year that Agnes died, and must have herself died
soon after, unless she is still to be found with other relatives
somewhere. Until 2014 when Nancy McLaughlin pointed her out, we were
not aware of her at all. Probably her death registration is 4th qtr 1848 in Chorlton 20/147.
The family of Matthew BradleyThis
is the third generation in our story, but we narrow down to one family,
from whom many Australians descend. Most of Matthew's siblings
apparently had no families of their own, but what little we know of the
same generation back in England is explained above rather than here.
the children is difficult to do perfectly. There were at least 15 who
lived long enough to be recorded, and apparently 3 more who did not.
The first children had their births registered (in the Albury district
of those times) without names: 4139/1862 male, 4407/1863 female,
4918/1867 male. And even after that, names given at registration never
seemed to stick. In some cases, it is just a simple case of the middle
and first names swapping, or the middle name changing, but in other
cases there were bigger changes. To get past this we are helped by the
mass baptism which the first 7 children had in 22 June 1873, in what was apparently a big trip
to the Church of England church in Adelong, and also by the listing of names of living children on the
death certiticates of Matthew (1892) and Martha (1901). I will use what
I understand to be the final adult names, spelled the way they would
spell them (I think).
Even where I have not seen the evidence, I
have added in the birth dates that are most widely reported. But I note
when I am relying on the reports of other genealogists (as genealogists
should, I think). The nine children who survived their parents, are
- John William Anthony Bradley,
was amongst those baptised in 1873, but was registered without name 4
August 1862 (4139/1862). This registration says he was born 12 July
1862 at "Yarra Yarra Station, district of Albury". (Yarra
Yarra is also given as Matthew's residence when describing him as
informant.) His father Matthew is described as a 28 year old
storekeeper, born "Kirkby Stephen, Westmoreland England" whose marriage
date is given as 28 June 1859 in Albury. The mother is Martha Jane
Oakes, 21 years old, born Yass. Mrs McPhee was present at birth. No
"previous issue" is reported. In his parents' death registrations he is
"John W A" and was 30 years old in 1892 and 38 years old in 1901.
- Mary Agnes Bradley,
also in the baptism batch, had also been registered originally with no
name (4407/1863). She was born 13 November 1863 in "Tumberumba NSW", and this was registered 15 December in Albury.
Matthew is described as a 30 year old grazier, born "Kirby Stephen" in
England, and married "June 1859" in Albury. Her mother's maiden name is
given as Martha Jane Oaks, and she was 22 and born Yass. Concerning
siblings only "1 male living" is mentioned, which would of course by
John. Hester Baker was present at the birth. In her parents' death
registrations she is clearly
listed as "Mary Agnes" and "Mary A" and was 29 in 1892 and 36 in
- Jane Isabella Bradley,
mentioned by this name in the baptism, but had died before her parents'
deaths. A newspaper mentions her dieing at her parent's house in 1884,
at the age of 19.
The newspaper specifically calls her the second daughter of Matthew
Bradley. It appears that her actual birth registration must have been
as Susan Bradley
(4741/1865 in Albury). This registration informs us she was born 21
April 1865 in "Tumberumba", registered 14 September. Matthew is
described as a 32 year old grazier, born Kirkby Stephen, England, and
married "July 1859". The mother's maiden name is Martha Jane Oaks, 22
years old and born Yass. Concerning other children, the reigstration
just says "2", which cover John and Mary but possibly ignores deceased
children. Apart from Matthew, Mrs Thomas was also present at the birth.
The death registration index online (6084/1884) calls her Jane J Bradley,
and calls Matthew, "Mathhew" but these are only indexing errors. The
death registration gives the normal name spellings for Jane and her
father, and uses the Oakes spelling for her mother's maiden name. She
died 15 September 1884, a 19 year old spinster, at "Tumberumba NSW".
Her father is described as a grazier of Tumerumba and was the informant
of the death. The cause of death was given as 1 month of "peretonitis".
Her medical attendant John T Burgoyne saw her on the day of her death.
She was buried 17 September 1884 at Tumberumba, but no minister or
religion is recorded for the burial. (Possibly she was buried at the
family graveyard, which I have heard they had from Dorne?) This death
was registered 7 October at The Hume in Albury.
- Thomas Cowper Bradley,
another whose name is clear from the big baptism, was apparently the last to have
a birth registration with no name. He was born 24 December 1866 (Christmas Eve)
at Pound Creek, "Tumberumba". This was registered 7 February in Albury
(4918/1867). Matthew the father is described as a 34 year old grazier,
born Kirkby Stephen, England, married simple 1859. The mother Martha
Jane's maiden name is this time spelled as "Oaks" and she was 25, born
Yass. Mrs Blake was present at birth. The count of other children is 1
male, 2 female living, which matches the above, but now also "3 males
deceased" are mentioned, and I think we can doubt that these 3 were all
between Jane and Thomas. In his parents' death
registrations Thomas is 25 in 1892 and 34 in 1901. His middle name was
throughout his life sometimes mis-spelt, as was the name of the uncle
in England, so it is possible to find Thomas Cooper Bradley or Thomas Couper Bradley.
- Alice Susan Bradley, one of the children named
in her parents' death registrations as 22 in 1892 and 31 in 1901. So it
seems tolerably clear that she was actually registered at birth as Alice Elizabeth Bradley (5376/1870) but baptised at the big baptism as Susan Alice Bradley. The
birth registration reports she was born 3 December 1869 at Clover Bank
Tumbarumba. The father Matthew is called a 36 year old grazier,
born Kirkby Stephen, England. Her mother Martha Janes Oakes was 27 and
born Yass NSW. The marriage is this time described as having happened
26 January 1859, in Albury. The count of other children is 2 males and
2 females living, 3 males dead, matching the situation when Thomas was
born. Mrs Blake was present at birth.
- James Edmund Bradley,
was born 4 May
1871 at Pound Creek, Tumbarumba. He switched middle names between registration , where he
was James Matthew Bradley, and baptism in 1873. The
registration was 1 July 1871 in Albury, 5775/1871, but it seems someone
had first written 29 July; this was corrected on 29 June already.The
baptism spells his middle name Edmund, but I understand it was later generally spelled James Edmond Bradley.
Matthew is described as a 37 year old butcher, born in Kirkby Stephen,
England. The mother is described as Martha Jane Oakes, born Yass, and
28 years old. Their marriage is said to have been 29 June 1859 in
Albury. Mrs Blake was present at the birth. The count of other children
is 2 males and 3 females living, 2 males dead, the last number of
course being impossible. He died 29 September 1912 in Tumberumba,
registered 30 September 12936/1912, registered in Tumbarumba Shire,
with both his parents still mentioned on the registration although he
was 41, and they were both deceased. (Martha Jane's maiden name was
given this time as Oakes.) A A Bradley, his brother was the informant
of the death, also a resident of Tumbarumba. It mentions that James had
married at age 25 to Emma Elizabeth Christian, and their children were
Gladys 13, Alvia 11, Warren 6, Errol 4, Leith 2, and they had 2 male
children who had died. The cause of death of Lobar preumonia and
exhaustion, 10 days. The medical attendent was Henry S Maw, who had
last seen him the day before he died. He was buried on the same day he
died it seems, at the Church of England cemetery, Tumbarumba, presided
over by Arthur Phillops as a Church of England burial.
- George Matthew Bradley,
ended up being baptised with a "Matthew" in his name instead of his
older brother James, who took his "Edmund" instead, because George was
born as Edmund George Bradley (5854/1873), and then baptised as Mathew George Bradley.
Thanks to Dorne Saunders I have seen the birth registration and it
agrees with the normal reports of his birth on 28 November 1872. The
place is given as "Glove Bank Tumerbumba" Matthew is described as a 38
year old butcher, born Westmorland England. Martha Jane's maiden name
is spelled Oakes, and is 29, born Yass. They are said to have married
June 1859 in Albury New South Wales, and to have 3 male and 3 female
children living, and also to have had 3 dead male children. Witness to
the birth was William Lander. George
Matthew Bradley is mentioned in his parents' death certificates as 20
in 1892 and 29 in 1901. George was the youngest at the big baptism, so
after him we no longer have that help.
- Reginald Dixon Bradley,
I know from no birth or baptism record, but he appears in his parents'
death registrations as 18 in 1892 and 27 in 1901. So he was born about
1874. The family genealogists say he was born 14 June 1874.
- Rose Rebecca Bradley
was born 5 September 1875 (registered 15 December in Albury,
10686/1875), at "Clover Bank, Tumberumba, NSW". Mrs McLachlan was
present. Her father Matthew is described as a 42 year old grazier
and butcher, born in Westmorland, England. The mother Martha Jane Oakes
was 34, and born Yass. This is one of the births where their marriage
is said to have been on the 29th of June 1859. The count of other
children is 5 male and 3 females living. Rose died in "Tumberumba" 16
November 1875, the same year as she was born (4522/1875, registered 4
December in Albury), described as 10 weeks and 3 days old. Her parents
were described as Matthew Bradley grazier and butcher, and Martha Jane
Oakes. Matthew, residing at Clover Bank, was the informant. The cause
of death was 7 days of dysentery. Medical attendant E Hawkins had seen
her the day before, on the 15th. She was buried on the 17th in
"Tumberumba". No minister or religion are recorded.
- Frances Louisa Bradley, my great great grandmother, was born 15 August 1877, and this registered as Louisa Fanny Bradley
on 20 September in Albury (7001/1877). On her parents' death
registrations her names had already reversed and she was 15 in 1892
and 23 in 1901. The birthplace is simply given as "Tumberumba NSW"
(with that spelling). Her father Matthew is described as a 43 year old
grazier born in Westmorland, and the correct marriage date is reported
(27 June 1859 in Albury.) The mother is Martha Jane Oakes, 36 years old
and born Yass. The count of other children is 5 male and 3 females
living, 3 males and 1 female dead. Mrs McLachlan was present at the
standardised idea that Francis is the boy's spelling seems not to have
been stuck to yet in her lifetime, and she is often referred to also as
Francis Louisa Bradley. Her nickname was Topsy.
- Arthur Henry Bradley
was born in 30 June 1879, the younger of two twins, and this was
registered at Albury 2 August (8161/1879). The birth registration says
he was born at "Clover Bank Tumberumba" (sic). His father Matthew is
described as a 45 year old grazier from Westmorland who had married 29
June 1859 in Albury. The mother "Martha Jane Oakes", was 36 and born in
Yass. They had 5 male and 4 female living children, and 4 male and 1
female who had died. Present at the birth were Mrs Booth and Mrs
McLachlan. Arthur lived only a bit longer than Ernest, dieing 11
October 1880 (registered 18 October, 5054/1880) at the age of 15 months
and 13 days. The parents were given as Matthew Bradley grazier, and
Martha Jane Oakes. The informant was the acting undertaker, John
Pinhorn. The cause of death was 3 days of Croup. Medical attendant Geo
Windrum last saw him on the day he died. He was buried on the 13th in
"Tumberumba", but no minister or religion are recorded.
- Ernest Edward Bradley
was born 29 June 1879 (registered 2 August, 8160/1879) and died 17
October 1879 (3900/1879, registered 25 October at Albury) at the age of
"3 months and 1/2", both events taking place in "Tumberumba". He was
the elder born of twins, along with Arthur. The other information on
the birth registration is the same as for his twin brother. The cause
of death was 5 days of dysentry, and no specific medical attendant is
named. The informant was again the acting undertaker, John Pinhorn. The
burial was 19 October in "Tumberumba", with no minister or religion
- Augustus Arthur Bradley,
was born 1
and registered under the same name he apparently kept all his life
(9477/1881, registered 29 December at "the Hume", Albury). The place of
birth is given as Pound Creek, in "Tumberumba" (sic.), and Matthew the
father is described again as a grazier born in Westmorland, this time
47 years old, who had married in June 1859 in Albury to Martha Jane
Oakes. Martha is now 38, and still describes as born in Yass. The count
of other children is now 5 male and 5 female living, and 5 male and 1
female dead, little Arthur having passed away by now. Present at the
birth was Mrs Booth. In his parents' death
certificates he is 11 in 1892 and 19 in 1901.
- Percy Bradley
was born 9 May 1883 (10686/1883). Thanks to Dorne Saunders I have seen
the birth registration. The birth was at "Clover Bank" and registration
was at The Hume at Albury, 6th July 1883. The father Matthew was a 49
year old grazier at the time, born Westmorland England. He certifies as
Matthew Bradley Father Borodale.
Mrs Todd was also present at the birth. Martha Janes maiden named is
spelled as Oaks, and she was now 40, born Yass. The registration also
there were 6 male and 4 female living siblings, but there had been
5 dead male children before Percy, which matches what
was reported at George's birth, plus the twins. It also reports one
female dead, which must be Rose. We do not have any information about
the death of Percy Bradley, but he is not mentioned in the death
certificates of his parents.
- Frances Bradley
died 3 January 1884 (6031/1884) as an 8 year old infant boy, in
Tumberumba. The parents are given as Matthew Bradley, grazier,
and Martha JaneOakes. He does not appear to have a birth certificate,
and is not mentioned by name in the death certificates of
the parents. The informant of the death was Thomas Bradley,
brother, of "Tumberumba", and it was registered 21 January at The Hume
at Albury. The cause of death was 4 days of gastric fever. The medical
attendant A H Florence had last seen him the day before. He was buried
the day of his death, and again no minister or religion is recorded.