The family of Matthew Bradley.

This is a page of genealogical notes, so it can be constantly revised and discussed. It will likely contain errors. If you are interested in this work, please contact me. If you keep copies or spread information, please remember to note where it came from. I would also like to ask that any relatives who have interesting information or comments, to consider letting me know. We should not under-rate how easily that family memories can be lost. Keeping those memories alive always involves communicating and working together. (It would also be nice to have some old photos for this webpage!) I have been helped by many people, including especially Dorne Saunders, and Nancy McLaughlin.

This webpage is primarily about the family of Matthew Bradley (1834-1892), who moved from England to settle eventually in Tumbarumba in the colony of New South Wales. He was my great great great grandfather. Or, to put it another way he was the grandfather of my great grandfather Horace Percival Livingstone, through his mother, whose maiden name before she married George Meloss Livingstone (1873-1956) was Frances Louisa Bradley (1877-1929).

I have made several related webpages about other parts of my family tree, these are indexed at my main page. The following are especially relevant:

Introduction. Anthony Bradley and Agnes Dixon. The generation that started moving.

Matthew Bradley's parents were Anthony Bradley (1794-1848) and Agnes Dixon (1803-1846). They married in Kirkby Stephen's ancient main church 15 Oct 1828.

As discussed on the other webpage, Matthew Bradley's ancestors had for centuries been part of a relatively stable rural community around the dales of Kirkby Stephen, near the head of the river Eden in northwestern England. Kirkby Stephen was a market town for its region. But in the 19th century, like many families in this period, his parents moved the family into the heart of the industrial revolution, in the Manchester region, quite far to the south, where the whole world was changing. They kept contact with home, as can be seen on censuses, and at least two of their children were eventually buried in Westmorland.

The Bradley's had mainly been in the leather related trades in the town. Matthew’s father Anthony also took up a trade, but it was one from the Hutchinson's on his mother's side, brewing. Both brewing and the leather trade had been typical trades in Kirkby Stephen in the 18th century. In directories for 1830 and 1834, Anthony Bradley was a brewer or maltster in Kirkby Stephen. His brewing business stopped at some point, or perhaps simply faded into being less important. For most of his children's baptisms he was called a brewer, but by 1836, for the baptism of Isabella, he started being referred to sometimes as a farmer. In the 1841 census at Linster Street in Hulme in Chorlton district (in Manchester, but south of the Medlock river) Anthony was again for a while a journeyman brewer. At his and his wife's deaths in 1846 and 1848 he is a farmer. Matthew recorded his father's profession later as a clerk, which is a bit vague but suggest office work. It is notable that Kirkby Stephen had a tradition of education for children, partly because of the sponsorship of certain local land-owning families, including some ancestors of Agnes. This may have come in handy in industrial Manchester.

Children living with the parents in 1841 were William 12, Thomas 11, Isabella 4 and James 2. Anthony 9 and Matthew 6 were in Kirkby Stephen with their maternal grandmother Isabella (Bella) Dixon, grocer, as well, apparently, as their uncle William Dixon, a 39 year old farmer. As explained on the other webpage about the ancestry of Anthony and Agnes, Bella Dixon née Wharton was the mother of Agnes, and indeed William. In 1851 we find Bella's sister Mary Wharton looking after young Isabella.

The baptisms and birth information we have for the children:
  1. William John Bradley. Baptised 15th March 1829 in Kirkby Stephen. Son of Anthony & Agnes Bradley, Kirkby Stephen. Anthony was a common brewer at the time of baptism.
  2. Thomas Bradley. Baptised 4th August 1830 in Kirkby Stephen. Son of Anthony & Agnes Bradley, Kirkby Stephen. Anthony was a common brewer at the time of baptism.
  3. Anthony Hutchinson Bradley. Baptised 25th March 1832 in Kirkby Stephen. Son of Anthony & Agnes Bradley, Kirkby Stephen. Anthony was a common brewer at the time of baptism.
  4. Matthew Bradley. Baptised 19th January 1834 in Kirkby Stephen. Son of Anthony & Agnes Bradley, Kirkby Stephen. Anthony was a common brewer at the time of baptism.
  5. Isabella Bradley. Baptised 14th October 1836, in Kirkby Stephen. Daughter of Anthony & Agnes Bradley, Kirkby Stephen, but at this baptism Anthony was a farmer.
  6. James Bradley. Baptised 26th June 1839, in Kirkby Stephen. I have not seen the original, so I do not know what profession Anthony is named as having. NOTE: Many genealogists include a Ewart Bradley, about the same age as James, but he could never be traced. "Ewart" can be found as the transcription of the difficult 1851 census for what is upon inspection "James", for example on findmypast.com. The civil birth registration was made East Ward of Westmorland 25/443, and tells us his birth was on the 2nd of June 1839 in Kirkby Stephen. His father is described as a brewer, with Kirkby Stephen simply being the address. Agnes' maiden name of Dixon is also confirmed.
  7. Cowper Dixon Bradley. Baptised 3rd July 1842 in Hulme (not scanned online so I have not seen it). Civil birth registration is in Chorlton (20/255), and explains he was born 13 December 1841 "at Hulme". His father is described as a brewer, living at 70 Crown Street, Hulme, and his mother's maiden name of Dixon is confirmed. The combination of Cowper or Cooper with Thomas and/or Dixon is a family tradition that apparently derives from the marriage the uncle of Agnes, Thomas Dixon, to Margaret Cooper, 10 Apr 1794 in Appleby. They had a child named Thomas Cooper Dixon baptised in Kirkby Stephen the next year.
  8. Mary Bradley. Baptised 2 June 1844 in Hulme. Anthony was a farmer. The baptism entry can be seen on page 9 of the scan on Familysearch. The civil registration must be 20/291, in the 1st qtr of 1844 in Chorlton district.
  9. Margaret Bradley. With the help of Nancy MacLaughlin we know of her: baptised 31 May 1846 in Hulme, the same year her mother died. Anthony was a farmer. The baptism entry can be seen on page 9 of the scan on Familysearch. Her civil birth registration seems to be 2nd qtr 1845 in Chorlton, 20/282. Her death registration is Chorlton 20/147, which tells us she died 11 November 1848 at Jacksons Farm, Warde Street, Hulme. This was (as the certificate says) after her parents died, and the death was reported by her brother W. J. Bradley, at the said address. The cause of death was marked as uncertain, with no medical attendance.
Death registrations of Anthony and Agnes:

Agnes Bradley, female, 43 years, wife of Anthony Bradley, Farmer
Died 11 October 1846, Farm House, Warde Street, Hulme, Chorlton, of Gastric Fever, 1 week, certified
Informant: Anthony Bradley of the same address, present at death
Registered 14 October 1846 by registrar William Sorby

Anthony Bradley, male, 54 years, Farmer
Died 9 September 1848, Jackson's Farm, Warde Street, Hulme, Chorlton, of Pleuritis Acute, 6 days, Hydrothorax Anasarea, Certified
Informant: William John Bradley of the same address, present at death
Registered 12 Sept 1848 by registrar William Sorby

Warde Street in Hulme (pronounced Hyoom) is still there, or at least a version of it is, despite the fact that the area has been through massive changes. The area where Jackson's Farm was was part of a massive redevelopment connected to a Rolls Royce plant after the second world war, which was in turn destroyed in recent decades. See for example this old map. By looking at various old maps it is clear that there was no large expanse of farming area by the late 1840s, and that the area was being built up quickly in this period.

It is interesting that the young Friedrich Engels spent time in the area and wrote about the new industrial slums in exactly this period. Hulme itself was not the worst area, but it was close to some. As quoted by Wikipedia, Engels wrote about it that, "the more thickly built-up regions chiefly bad and approaching ruin, the less populous of more modern structure, but generally sunk in filth". By the time the Bradleys were all gone, it was becoming one of the worst areas.

So Anthony and Agnes died at a fairly young age before the next census in 1851 and critical parts of that census are damaged or missing. However findmypast.com seem to have managed to get a transcription up, and Ancestry show a scan of the damaged page which is legible in many places. It shows that the family is still in Hulme with the oldest boy William John Bradley as head of household, in an un-numbered house on the street called Abbey Grove. Most of the family is said to be born in the same place, which I read as "Scotland, Kirkby Stephen" with "Westmoreland" then written in over Kirkby Stephen. Of course Scotland is incorrect, but I guess that says something about how their accents would have sounded? This is who was there:


The generation that was divided between different continents

We still have more to learn, but here are summaries.

1. William John Bradley (1829-1863).

The 1861 census shows him still in Greater Manchester but a bit further out of the congested area at 4 Moss Lane West, Stretford, in the registration district of Barton-Upon-Irwell (which I guess was the name of a much bigger district than Barton upon Irwell itself).
William's marriage can be traced in indexes of civil marriage registrations. He married Lavinia Boulton Murgatroyd in the 2nd qtr of 1858 in Chorlton district (8c/530). This certificate says that the marriage happened 19 May 1858 after banns, William being 29, and Lavinia being 22, both previously unmarried and living in "Albertgrove". William's father was Anthony, a brewer, while Lavinia's was Benjamin, and a farmer. One of the witnesses was George Murgatroyd, and the other seems to be Joshua Anderson Sutter?

There is another baptism in Manchester cathedral in 12 Dec 1861, to Tom Bradley. He appears to have died before the next census.

We also can not find William, nor even the more unusually named Lavinia Bradley in the 1871 census. But we can find that Lavinia Boulton Bradley (with the middle name included in the index) married in Salford district Lancashire in the 2nd quarter of 1868 (8d/11). This implies that William was dead, as divorce was difficult and unusual. From the indexing we can see the groom was either William Abraham Cheetham, or Richard Walford.

There is a death for William John Bradley in Barton upon Irwell, 2nd quarter 1863 (8c/354). This corresponds to a burial 5 May 1863 All Saints, Chorlton on Medlock. William John Bradley, 34 years old, had been living at 4 Gladstone Street, Stretford. The death certiicate says he died 1 May 1863, at 4 Gladstone Street, Stretford. He was a 34 year old "agent for sale of carpet bags". He died after 3 months of Phthisis, and Lavinia B Bradley was present at the said address at the time.

Searching for Lavinia under a new surname, in the 1871 census we can find "Lavinia B. Cheetham", 35 year old wife of William A. Cheetham, in Pendleton in the Salford district. Her daughter Edith, though called a step daughter, has taken up the Cheetham name. Reginald W, 11, is still a Bradley, and there is also another step child Ernest Bradley, 7 years old. He had been William's last child baptised in Manchester Cathedral, 15 Dec 1863. Trying to follow William's family:
According to family folklore heard by Dorne, William did go to Australia, but was aboard a boat which was ship-wrecked. This could never be traced. On the other hand, I am fairly confident of the above.

2. Thomas Bradley (1830-1904).

Thomas Bradley arrived in Victoria November 1852 aboard the El Dorado aged 22 years (with Matthew). They were unassisted passengers who paid their own fair.
He and his brothers must have been together some years at Barker's Creek, but stayed on when Matthew left in 1855, and was still there in 1862 when Anthony died.
The Argus
(Melbourne), Thursday 6 February 1862 has a message:
"ANYONE giving INFORMATION of the whereabouts or fate of MATTHEW BRADLEY, from Manchester, who left Barker’s Creek, November, 1855, for the Ovens via Melbourne, will receive £10 reward. Thomas Bradley, Post Office, Barker’s Creek."
This message would have been only a few months before the death their brother Anthony Hutchinson Bradley (below), whose death was registered by Thomas.
It seems he found Matthew eventually. A Thomas Bradley, photographer, was in Tumbarumba in the 1860s.
He died in Yackandandah, Victoria, in 2 July 1904, a travelling photographer, 74 years old. His grave mentions Anthony and Agnes, but it is modern. More importantly, Dorne found that the inquiry into his intestate death heard that he had several nephews and neices living in Tumbarumba. Yackandandah is near the Ovens area.

3. Anthony Hutchinson Bradley (1832-1862).

Anthony Hutchinson Bradley arrived in Victoria in November 1853 aboard the Mobile, "A. H. Bradley" aged 21 years (with James aged 7). Like Thomas and Matthew, they were unassisted passengers who paid their own fair.
The Argus (Melbourne), Wednesday 27 July 1859, reports an appointment: "Flint William Stacey, Anthony Hutchinson Bradley, and William Vaux, to be the trustees of the ground set apart at Barker's Creek as a site for cricketing and general recreation purposes".
Anthony Hutchinson Bradley died aged 30 on 3rd May 1862 of dysentery, at Specimen Gully, Barkers Creek, Victoria.
He was buried at Campbells Creek/ Castlemaine, Victoria 4th May 1862.
At that time he was a miner by occupation.
Brother Thomas Bradley was the informant of Anthony's death.

4. Matthew Bradley (1834-1892).

As mentioned above, Matthew arrived in Victoria, Australia, on the El Dorado on 19 Nov 1852 at the age of 19, with his brother Thomas Bradley. As mentioned on his death certificate, he was in Victoria for about 3 years before moving up to NSW.

As we know from the newspaper message of his brother Thomas, mentioned above, he had headed out towards the Ovens diggings about 1855, and his movements were possibly based on looking for new gold fields. The Ovens diggings were in the direction of Tumbarumba. In fact, newspapers of the time show a lot of interest in the Tumbarumba as a new gold field at precisely this time, and in most other ways it was probably not very well developed. So it seems very likely that Matthew went to Tumbarumba with the gold rush in mind still. Newspapers were also mentioning the gold fields at Adelong in this same time period.

Matthew eventually settled in the newly developing town of Tumbarumba, and his own position developed within it, especially once he started having children. He soon showed an interest in making sure the town had education and communication with the outside world.

Matthew married Martha Jane Oak(e)s (of Yass) at Albury 27th June 1859. (In some of the children's baptisms other dates is given, sometimes the 29th, and sometimes July.) This may be before he had settled anywhere. We do not know where in Albury which was a big district, but on Martha's death certificate she says she was married in Yarra Yarra, NSW. This gives confusion: the Yarra Yarra river, now more commonly just the Yarra, is entirely in Victoria, and not close. There is also a place in NSW which is a parish of Goulburn, not close to Albury. However if we look at the birth registration of their first child in 1862 we see that Matthew and Martha were then living at "Yarra Yarra Station" in the district of Albury, and Matthew was storekeeper there. And so we can locate the place.

Yarra Yarra station is on Billabong Creek, near Holbrook north of Albury. We also know that in 1854, some years earlier, Martha Jane's parents had a younger brother William Oaks baptised at Mullengandra Inn, which is between Albury and Yarra Yarra station. on the same main road to Sydney, today know as the Hume highway. It must be around this area that Matthew met his future wife. He had not yet stopped moving, but he was slowing down.

Matthew must have arrived at this station during a period when it had gone through some odd times. In the 1850s, Mr Feeney, the station manager there, who had originally got the job from an absentee landlord who was a Catholic missionary in Hobart, was for right or wrong the source of much conflict with a procession of owners. About the time of Matthew and Martha, it was taken over for a while by a future politician named George Day. Like Matthew, George had moved up from the Victorian goldfields. He'd made some money as a storekeeper there, and gotten increasingly into cattle grazing. Perhaps he was an inspiration to Matthew, who would follow a similar path on a smaller scale. Another thing which might have been life changing was the massive cull which happened on the property in 1861, after the property had been taken over by the McLaurin brothers (whose family then held the place for generations). In August 1861 they found they had an outbreak of  pleuro-pneumonia epizootica. This was reported not only all over the Australian colonies but even in New Zealand. The Melbourne Argus took an article from the Ovens Advertiser, Nov. 9: "The Yarra Yarra station, belonging to Mr. M'Laurin, is now being routed, contracts having been accepted for the slaughtering of 3,000 head. The contractors, we believe, have commenced their work by digging large pits, into which the slaughtered cattle are to be thrown and burned up at the rate 100 per day. This is, no doubt, a good way of clearing out a bad stock – realising £4,500." It is perhaps no coincidence that Matthew's first profession in Tumbarumba was as a butcher, and he apparently harboured plans to open a slaughter house throughout his life, as we will be explained below.

Martha was approximately 17 years old when she married. Martha and Matthew had approximately 15 children, the 15 named below, and apparently three infant boys born before 1867 who did not live long, and whose births and deaths were not registered. The following is just a selection from newspapers, and not claiming to be complete. Certainly concerning land deals there are many newspaper notices, and unravelling those would be a challenge in itself.
Matthew, a grazier & auctioneer, died of a cerebral haemorrhage, 20th October 1892. In newspapers, I find very little about his being an auctioneer, although I did find him in a directory. The one advert I found in a paper so far is The Manaro Mercury, and Cooma and Bombala Advertiser. In various editions of December 1885, it concerns a sale of a "SUMMER RUN within 50 miles of Cooma. Fine Open Downs, well-grassed and watered; carry 40,000 sheep all the season." People were to apply to "M. BRADLEY, Auctioneer, Tumbarumba".

Martha, mother & housewife, died 3rd June 1901 of sudden heart failure.
Both were buried on the family property "Clover Bank" at Tumbarumba.
Dorne informs me that the property is now the Tumbarumba Golf Course and Martha and Matthew's graves are behind the clubhouse, which is now where the original homestead was. Probably several of their children were also buried there.

5. Isabella Bradley (1836- ?).

In the 1851 census Isabella is not with her brothers, nor her little sisters, but back in Kirkby Stephen, a scholar and a 16 year old niece of 70 year old Mary Wharton, an unmarried Gentlewoman. They were both born in Kirkby Stephen. In the Wharton section of my Bradley ancestry page I explain how this would be a sister of Bella Dixon née Wharton, the mother of Agnes, and therefore actually a great aunt. She had also been looking after Matthew and Anthony in 1841.
I can not trace Isabella yet after 1851, and that probably means she either died or married before 1861. Isabella Bradley is a reasonably common name, but for example there are death registrations for Isabella Bradley in the Kendal Ward of Westmorland in the second qtr of 856 (10b/368), and in the last quarter of 1860 (10b/400). There is also a marriage registration in Chorlton in 3rd qtr 1855 (8c/547).

6. James Bradley (1839- ?).

James was the last of the children to be baptised in Westmorland. He arrived in Victoria at the age of 13 years, with older brother Anthony Hutchinson Bradley in November 1853 aboard the Mobile.
Dorne thinks he may also have become a photographer.

7. Cowper Dixon Bradley (1842-1867).

He may be the first one born and baptised in Manchester. He is sometimes reported to have been baptised/born in Kirkby Stephen. I am not totally sure he was not because I have no access to that register for that date, but have doubts. The unusual name Cowper seems to be a lead to something, but I am not sure what.
In the census of 1861 he is a 19 year old Lodger in Hulme, born in Westmorland. His occupation is "salesman in a shop".
Cowper Dixon Bradley, tobacconist, died aged 25 years, 9th August 1867 at Lord Street, Southport, Lancashire. A Benjamin Hawke (first letter appears to be an "H") was present at his death and the informant of his death, and was a resident of Lord Street, Southport.
It is very nice to find that his family apparently knew of this, and arranged to have him buried in Westmorland. His memorial can be found at http://www.northofthesands.org.uk/. It is not in Kirkby, but Appleby St Lawrence, where he had family: "In affectionate remembrance of Cowper Dixon Bradley who died at Southport, Lancashire 9th August 1867 aged 25 years, also of Mary his sister, the wife of Isaac Teasdale Carlisle who fell asleep in Jesus 28th November 1871 aged 27 years."

8. Mary Bradley (1844-1871).

In 1861 Mary was a 16 year old scholar, born Manchester, with her 90 year old grandmother Isabella Dixon in Appleby.
She stayed in Westmorland, and married, but died quite young. See Cowper’s memorial above which mentions her: “the wife of Isaac Teasdale Carlisle who fell asleep in Jesus 28th November 1871 aged 27 years”.
Isaac Teasdale of Carlisle (son of Isaac Teasdale) married Mary Bradley (daughter of Anthony Bradley) 20 Dec 1870, in Saint Michael's Church, Appleby, Westmoreland. So she died less than a year after her marriage. Her married life did however happen to coincide with the 1871 census, which shows Isaac and Mary living in the civil parish of Botchergate, ecclesiastical parish of Christchurch, registration district of Carlisle, sub-district St Cuthbert, in the County of Cumberland. (Cumberland and Westmorland are today both part of Cumbria.) Mary is shown as having been born in Hulme, and 27 years old. They had a Scottish live-in house servant.

9. Margaret Bradley (1846-1848?).

She was born in the same year that Agnes died, and must have herself died soon after, unless she is still to be found with other relatives somewhere. Until 2014 when Nancy McLaughlin pointed her out, we were not aware of her at all. Probably her death registration is 4th qtr 1848 in Chorlton 20/147.


The family of Matthew Bradley

This is the third generation in our story, but we narrow down to one family, from whom many Australians descend. Most of Matthew's siblings apparently had no families of their own, but what little we know of the same generation back in England is explained above rather than here.

Tracing the children is difficult to do perfectly. There were at least 15 who lived long enough to be recorded, and apparently 3 more who did not. The first children had their births registered (in the Albury district of those times) without names: 4139/1862 male, 4407/1863 female, 4918/1867 male. And even after that, names given at registration never seemed to stick. In some cases, it is just a simple case of the middle and first names swapping, or the middle name changing, but in other cases there were bigger changes. To get past this we are helped by the mass baptism which the first 7 children had in 22 June 1873, in what was apparently a big trip to the Church of England church in Adelong, and also by the listing of names of living children on the death certiticates of Matthew (1892) and Martha (1901). I will use what I understand to be the final adult names, spelled the way they would spell them (I think).

Even where I have not seen the evidence, I have added in the birth dates that are most widely reported. But I note when I am relying on the reports of other genealogists (as genealogists should, I think). The nine children who survived their parents, are under-lined.
  1. John William Anthony Bradley, was amongst those baptised in 1873, but was registered without name 4 August 1862 (4139/1862). This registration says he was born 12 July 1862 at "Yarra Yarra Station, district of Albury". (Yarra Yarra is also given as Matthew's residence when describing him as informant.) His father Matthew is described as a 28 year old storekeeper, born "Kirkby Stephen, Westmoreland England" whose marriage date is given as 28 June 1859 in Albury. The mother is Martha Jane Oakes, 21 years old, born Yass. Mrs McPhee was present at birth. No "previous issue" is reported. In his parents' death registrations he is listed as "John W A" and was 30 years old in 1892 and 38 years old in 1901. 
  2. Mary Agnes Bradley, also in the baptism batch, had also been registered originally with no name (4407/1863). She was born 13 November 1863 in "Tumberumba NSW", and this was registered 15 December in Albury. Matthew is described as a 30 year old grazier, born "Kirby Stephen" in England, and married "June 1859" in Albury. Her mother's maiden name is given as Martha Jane Oaks, and she was 22 and born Yass. Concerning siblings only "1 male living" is mentioned, which would of course by John. Hester Baker was present at the birth. In her parents' death registrations she is clearly listed as "Mary Agnes" and "Mary A" and was 29 in 1892 and 36 in 1901. 
  3. Jane Isabella Bradley, mentioned by this name in the baptism, but had died before her parents' deaths. A newspaper mentions her dieing at her parent's house in 1884, at the age of 19. The newspaper specifically calls her the second daughter of Matthew Bradley. It appears that her actual birth registration must have been as Susan Bradley (4741/1865 in Albury). This registration informs us she was born 21 April 1865 in "Tumberumba", registered 14 September. Matthew is described as a 32 year old grazier, born Kirkby Stephen, England, and married "July 1859". The mother's maiden name is Martha Jane Oaks, 22 years old and born Yass. Concerning other children, the reigstration just says "2", which cover John and Mary but possibly ignores deceased children. Apart from Matthew, Mrs Thomas was also present at the birth. The death registration index online (6084/1884) calls her Jane J Bradley, and calls Matthew, "Mathhew" but these are only indexing errors. The death registration gives the normal name spellings for Jane and her father, and uses the Oakes spelling for her mother's maiden name. She died 15 September 1884, a 19 year old spinster, at "Tumberumba NSW". Her father is described as a grazier of Tumerumba and was the informant of the death. The cause of death was given as 1 month of "peretonitis". Her medical attendant John T Burgoyne saw her on the day of her death. She was buried 17 September 1884 at Tumberumba, but no minister or religion is recorded for the burial. (Possibly she was buried at the family graveyard, which I have heard they had from Dorne?) This death was registered 7 October at The Hume in Albury.
  4. Thomas Cowper Bradley, another whose name is clear from the big baptism, was apparently the last to have a birth registration with no name. He was born 24 December 1866 (Christmas Eve) at Pound Creek, "Tumberumba". This was registered 7 February in Albury (4918/1867). Matthew the father is described as a 34 year old grazier, born Kirkby Stephen, England, married simple 1859. The mother Martha Jane's maiden name is this time spelled as "Oaks" and she was 25, born Yass. Mrs Blake was present at birth. The count of other children is 1 male, 2 female living, which matches the above, but now also "3 males deceased" are mentioned, and I think we can doubt that these 3 were all between Jane and Thomas. In his parents' death registrations Thomas is 25 in 1892 and 34 in 1901. His middle name was throughout his life sometimes mis-spelt, as was the name of the uncle in England, so it is possible to find Thomas Cooper Bradley or Thomas Couper Bradley
  5. Alice Susan Bradley, one of the children named in her parents' death registrations as 22 in 1892 and 31 in 1901. So it seems tolerably clear that she was actually registered at birth as Alice Elizabeth Bradley (5376/1870) but baptised at the big baptism as Susan Alice Bradley. The birth registration reports she was born 3 December 1869 at Clover Bank Tumbarumba. The father Matthew is called a 36 year old grazier, born Kirkby Stephen, England. Her mother Martha Janes Oakes was 27 and born Yass NSW. The marriage is this time described as having happened 26 January 1859, in Albury. The count of other children is 2 males and 2 females living, 3 males dead, matching the situation when Thomas was born. Mrs Blake was present at birth.
  6. James Edmund Bradley, was born 4 May 1871 at Pound Creek, Tumbarumba. He switched middle names between registration , where he was James Matthew Bradley, and baptism in 1873. The registration was 1 July 1871 in Albury, 5775/1871, but it seems someone had first written 29 July; this was corrected on 29 June already.The baptism spells his middle name Edmund, but I understand it was later generally spelled James Edmond Bradley. Matthew is described as a 37 year old butcher, born in Kirkby Stephen, England. The mother is described as Martha Jane Oakes, born Yass, and 28 years old. Their marriage is said to have been 29 June 1859 in Albury. Mrs Blake was present at the birth. The count of other children is 2 males and 3 females living, 2 males dead, the last number of course being impossible. He died 29 September 1912 in Tumberumba, registered 30 September 12936/1912, registered in Tumbarumba Shire, with both his parents still mentioned on the registration although he was 41, and they were both deceased. (Martha Jane's maiden name was given this time as Oakes.) A A Bradley, his brother was the informant of the death, also a resident of Tumbarumba. It mentions that James had married at age 25 to Emma Elizabeth Christian, and their children were Gladys 13, Alvia 11, Warren 6, Errol 4, Leith 2, and they had 2 male children who had died. The cause of death of Lobar preumonia and exhaustion, 10 days. The medical attendent was Henry S Maw, who had last seen him the day before he died. He was buried on the same day he died it seems, at the Church of England cemetery, Tumbarumba, presided over by Arthur Phillops as a Church of England burial. 
  7. George Matthew Bradley, ended up being baptised with a "Matthew" in his name instead of his older brother James, who took his "Edmund" instead, because George was born as Edmund George Bradley (5854/1873), and then baptised as Mathew George Bradley. Thanks to Dorne Saunders I have seen the birth registration and it agrees with the normal reports of his birth on 28 November 1872. The place is given as "Glove Bank Tumerbumba" Matthew is described as a 38 year old butcher, born Westmorland England. Martha Jane's maiden name is spelled Oakes, and is 29, born Yass. They are said to have married June 1859 in Albury New South Wales, and to have 3 male and 3 female children living, and also to have had 3 dead male children. Witness to the birth was William Lander. George Matthew Bradley is mentioned in his parents' death certificates as 20 in 1892 and 29 in 1901. George was the youngest at the big baptism, so after him we no longer have that help.
  8. Reginald Dixon Bradley, I know from no birth or baptism record, but he appears in his parents' death registrations as 18 in 1892 and 27 in 1901. So he was born about 1874. The family genealogists say he was born 14 June 1874.
  9. Rose Rebecca Bradley was born 5 September 1875 (registered 15 December in Albury, 10686/1875), at "Clover Bank, Tumberumba, NSW". Mrs McLachlan was present. Her father Matthew is described as a 42 year old grazier and butcher, born in Westmorland, England. The mother Martha Jane Oakes was 34, and born Yass. This is one of the births where their marriage is said to have been on the 29th of June 1859. The count of other children is 5 male and 3 females living. Rose died in "Tumberumba" 16 November 1875, the same year as she was born (4522/1875, registered 4 December in Albury), described as 10 weeks and 3 days old. Her parents were described as Matthew Bradley grazier and butcher, and Martha Jane Oakes. Matthew, residing at Clover Bank, was the informant. The cause of death was 7 days of dysentery. Medical attendant E Hawkins had seen her the day before, on the 15th. She was buried on the 17th in "Tumberumba". No minister or religion are recorded.
  10. Frances Louisa Bradley, my great great grandmother, was born 15 August 1877, and this registered as Louisa Fanny Bradley on 20 September in Albury (7001/1877). On her parents' death registrations her names had already reversed and she was 15 in 1892 and 23 in 1901. The birthplace is simply given as "Tumberumba NSW" (with that spelling). Her father Matthew is described as a 43 year old grazier born in Westmorland, and the correct marriage date is reported (27 June 1859 in Albury.) The mother is Martha Jane Oakes, 36 years old and born Yass. The count of other children is 5 male and 3 females living, 3 males and 1 female dead. Mrs McLachlan was present at the birth. The standardised idea that Francis is the boy's spelling seems not to have been stuck to yet in her lifetime, and she is often referred to also as Francis Louisa Bradley. Her nickname was Topsy.
  11. Arthur Henry Bradley was born in 30 June 1879, the younger of two twins, and this was registered at Albury 2 August (8161/1879). The birth registration says he was born at "Clover Bank Tumberumba" (sic). His father Matthew is described as a 45 year old grazier from Westmorland who had married 29 June 1859 in Albury. The mother "Martha Jane Oakes", was 36 and born in Yass. They had 5 male and 4 female living children, and 4 male and 1 female who had died. Present at the birth were Mrs Booth and Mrs McLachlan. Arthur lived only a bit longer than Ernest, dieing 11 October 1880 (registered 18 October, 5054/1880) at the age of 15 months and 13 days. The parents were given as Matthew Bradley grazier, and Martha Jane Oakes. The informant was the acting undertaker, John Pinhorn. The cause of death was 3 days of Croup. Medical attendant Geo Windrum last saw him on the day he died. He was buried on the 13th in "Tumberumba", but no minister or religion are recorded.
  12. Ernest Edward Bradley was born 29 June 1879 (registered 2 August, 8160/1879) and died 17 October 1879 (3900/1879, registered 25 October at Albury) at the age of "3 months and 1/2", both events taking place in "Tumberumba". He was the elder born of twins, along with Arthur. The other information on the birth registration is the same as for his twin brother. The cause of death was 5 days of dysentry, and no specific medical attendant is named. The informant was again the acting undertaker, John Pinhorn. The burial was 19 October in "Tumberumba", with no minister or religion recorded.
  13. Augustus Arthur Bradley, was born 1 November 1881, and registered under the same name he apparently kept all his life (9477/1881, registered 29 December at "the Hume", Albury). The place of birth is given as Pound Creek, in "Tumberumba" (sic.), and Matthew the father is described again as a grazier born in Westmorland, this time 47 years old, who had married in June 1859 in Albury to Martha Jane Oakes. Martha is now 38, and still describes as born in Yass. The count of other children is now 5 male and 5 female living, and 5 male and 1 female dead, little Arthur having passed away by now. Present at the birth was Mrs Booth. In his parents' death certificates he is 11 in 1892 and 19 in 1901. 
  14. Percy Bradley was born 9 May 1883 (10686/1883). Thanks to Dorne Saunders I have seen the birth registration. The birth was at "Clover Bank" and registration was at The Hume at Albury, 6th July 1883. The father Matthew was a 49 year old grazier at the time, born Westmorland England. He certifies as Matthew Bradley Father Borodale. Mrs Todd was also present at the birth. Martha Janes maiden named is spelled as Oaks, and she was now 40, born Yass. The registration also reports that there were 6 male and 4 female living siblings, but there had been 5 dead male children before Percy, which matches what was reported at George's birth, plus the twins. It also reports one female dead, which must be Rose. We do not have any information about the death of Percy Bradley, but he is not mentioned in the death certificates of his parents.
  15. Frances Bradley died 3 January 1884 (6031/1884) as an 8 year old infant boy, in Tumberumba. The parents are given as Matthew Bradley,  grazier, and Martha JaneOakes. He does not appear to have a birth certificate, and is not mentioned by name in the death certificates of the parents. The informant of the death was Thomas Bradley, brother, of "Tumberumba", and it was registered 21 January at The Hume at Albury. The cause of death was 4 days of gastric fever. The medical attendant A H Florence had last seen him the day before. He was buried the day of his death, and again no minister or religion is recorded.