Example haplotypes from I1* “y cluster”
(Named to distinguish it from the “x cluster” which was formerly called “Ix”. See http://users.skynet.be/lancaster/Ix.htm)
Last update: 2/01/2006
Interested? Contact Andrew.Lancaster “at” Skynet.be .
For more discussion of the I haplogroups in the human family tree, see http://www.northwestanalysis.net/
“-“ means the result is not available.
*Pale Yellow for 1 repeat less than the typical group value (group modal) chosen for comparison
*Bright Yellow for 2 repeats less than group modal.
*Bright green for more than 2 repeats less than modal.
*Pink for 1 repeat more than group modal.
*Magenta for 2 repeats more than group modal.
*Red for 3 repeats more than group modal.
*Purple for 4 or more repeats more than group modal.
Some initial observations:
*There are at least 4 distinct groups in the main identifiable cluster which was first found, perhaps surviving from early times when more such difficult-to-categorize “I” haplotypes were presumably common in whatever part of Europe their common ancestor lived. Note particularly: YCAII=19-21 or 19-19; DYS459=10-10 or 9-9. All 4 combinations are found. I also added the unusual Ashley in which is not necessarily connected to the rest.
*There are also some other individuals amongst those with DYS459=9-9 who are added in tentatively on the basis of the clustering work of John McEwan (see “I?” at http://www.geocities.com/mcewanjc/37strallhapejqnir1a.pdf ). These can perhaps be though of as distant relatives to the rest. See the results for Crowley, Hall, Chamberlain, Graber, Russell, Brewer and Sas. It should be kept in mind that by including them, a few of the modal values are changed. I have not included the Ashley at the bottom of the table in the modal calculations though.
*The group as a whole, as it appears in voluntary public databases so far, is Northern European (perhaps reflecting a bias in the ancestry of people who typically contribute to such databases). The 19-19 group looks British, and perhaps Scottish (particularly the sub-group of Livingston + Ritchie + Adamson + Lockhart). The 19-21 group, which seems generally more diverse, are perhaps Nordic in origin?
*The fact that there is no 19-20 (between 19-19 and 19-21) or 9-10 (between 9-9 and 10-10) found so far is interesting. Examples of 18-21 and 19-22 seem to be one step away from an ancestral 19-21.
*The general impression of the group as a whole is that it is closer to I1b, than I1c or I1a. But there have been 2 confirmations now (at least within the sub-cluster with YCAII=19-19) that this group does not share the P37.2 SNP mutation used to define I1b. So it seems to be a distant cousin of I1b (which is generally not common in Britain).
*In November 2005 we had news that this groups does not have M223, meaning it is not I1c. So these groups are I1*, meaning I1 of a type which is not in any of the main known branches. More SNP tests would be needed to confirm the status of the individuals most far from the modal of the group (such as those with DYS459=9-9 and YCAII=19,21 and one step neighbours).
*The YCAII=19,19 groups are all quite similar and are possibly have a much more recent common ancestor than the rest. They are also more geographically concentrated to Britain – seemingly more native populations in Scotland and Wales?
*Within the YCAII=19,21 group there is more diversity, but some grouplets also seem to exist. One interesting similarity in name is that Grawe looks like a Northern Germanic word for a Duke. However the DNA is not so similar. Mangum and Duke/Dukes are similar.
*Hopkins and Lee seem to share an ancestor, possibly English, whose DYS385 markers went from 12-14 to 14-14 compared to his ancestors. This could be “gene conversion” mutation with one part of this multi-part marker over-writing the other.
*The Adamson and Wallace DNA project participants included below have been able to use this webpage to see their likely Scottish origins – because they share surname and (rare) DNA signature with Sorenson project participants who have traced line further than them.
*The Stewart might be close to either the Wallaces or the Sutton. More markers would be needed to tell.
    * 3 3 1 3 3 3 4 3 4 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 G Y Y 4 6 5 5 C C 4 4 4 4 A C I 4 4 4 4 4 4
    H 9 9 9 9 8 8 2 8 3 8 9 8 8 5 5 5 5 5 4 3 4 4 6 6 6 6 6 A C C 5 0 7 7 D D 4 3 6 6 1 4 B 4 4 4 4 5 6
    a 3 0   1 5 5 6 8 9 9 2 9 9 8 9 9 5 4 7 7 8 9 4 4 4 4 0 T A A 6 7 6 0 Y Y 2 8 1 2 0   O 1 4 5 6 2 3
    p         a b       |   |     a b             a b c d   A                             7            
    l                   1   2 B                             H I I         a b                          
    o                                                       4 I I                                      
                                                              a b                                      
  max   14 24 16 12 14 15 11 13 15 13 11 30 18 20 10 10 12 11 26 15 22 31 12 16 17 19 10 11 19 21 18 14 19 19 37 37 12 10 13 12 15 25 12 16 13 11 12 10 22
  modal   13 23 15 11 12 14 11 13 12 12 11 29 17 18 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 11 15 16 17 9 10 19 19 17 14 17 17 35 35 12 10 12 12 13 23 11 15 12 11 11 10 21
  average   13 23 15 11 12 14 11 13 13 12 11 29 17 18 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 11 15 16 17 9 10 19 20 16 14 18 18 36 36 12 10 12 12 14 23 11 15 12 11 11 10 21
  min   13 23 14 10 12 14 11 12 12 12 11 28 16 15 9 9 11 11 24 15 20 28 10 15 16 16 9 10 19 19 14 14 17 17 34 34 11 10 11 12 12 22 11 14 11 11 10 10 21
  max-min   1 1 2 2 2 1 0 1 3 1 0 2 2 5 1 1 1 0 2 0 2 3 2 1 1 3 1 1 0 2 4 0 2 2 3 3 1 0 2 0 3 3 1 2 2 0 2 0 1
smgf Grawe, Pomerania   13 23 15 11 12 14 11 12 13 12 11 29 17 18 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 - - - - 10 10 19 21 16 - - - - - 12 10 13 12 13 25 11 15 12 11 10 10 -
smgf Loynes   13 23 14 11 12 14 11 13 12 12 11 29 17 18 10 10 12 11 25 15 21 28 - - - - 9 10 19 21 15 - - - - - 12 10 13 12 13 25 11 15 13 11 11 10 22
smgf Younker   - 23 15 11 12 14 11 13 12 12 11 30 18 - 10 10 - 11 25 15 21 - - - - - 10 10 19 21 15 - - - - - 12 10 - 12 13 24 11 - 13 11 11 - -
ysearch Lee TAPE6   13 23 15 11 14 14 11 13 13 12 11 29 17 15 10 10 12 11 25 15 21 31 11 15 16 16 9 10 19 21 14 14 18 19 34 34 11 10 - - - - - - - - - - -
smgf Hopkins, Canada   13 23 15 11 14 15 11 13 13 12 11 29 17 16 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 28 - - - - 9 10 19 21 15 - - - - - 12 10 13 12 12 24 11 14 11 11 12 10 -
smgf Lowes   13 23 15 12 12 14 11 13 13 12 11 29 17 17 10 10 12 11 25 15 21 29 - - - - 9 10 19 21 15 - - - - - 12 10 13 12 13 22 11 15 12 11 11 10 -
ysearch Mangum   13 23 15 11 12 14 11 13 14 13 11 30 17 17 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 30 12 16 16 17 9 10 19 21 16 14 19 18 35 35 12 10 - - - - - - - - - - -
ysearch Dukes QP2MS   13 23 15 11 12 14 11 13 14 13 11 30 17 17 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 12 16 16 17 9 10 19 21 16 14 19 18 35 35 12 10 - - - - - - - - - - -
ysearch Dukes KH4NZ   13 23 15 11 12 14 11 13 14 13 11 30 17 17 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 12 16 16 17 9 10 19 21 16 14 19 18 35 35 12 10 - - - - - - - - - - -
ysearch Duke VW7QM   13 23 15 10 12 14 11 13 14 13 11 30 17 17 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 30 12 16 16 18 9 10 19 21 16 14 19 17 35 35 11 10 - - - - - - - - - - -
smgf Dukes   13 23 15 11 12 14 11 13 14 13 11 29 16 17 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 - - - - 9 10 19 21 16 - - - - - 12 10 12 12 12 23 11 16 12 11 11 10 -
ysearch Duke 8W6WK I 13 23 15 11 12 14 11 13 14 13 11 29 16 17 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 12 16 16 17 9 10 19 21 16 14 19 18 35 35 12 10 - - - - - - - - - - -
smgf Johansen   13 23 15 10 12 14 11 13 14 13 11 29 16 19 10 10 11 11 24 15 21 30 - - - - 9 10 19 21 15 - - - - - 12 10 13 12 15 22 11 15 12 11 11 - -
smgf Larson   13 23 15 11 12 14 11 13 14 13 11 29 16 18 10 10 11 11 26 15 21 29 - - - - 10 10 19 21 15 - - - - - 12 10 13 12 14 24 11 14 13 11 11 10 -
smgf Mansfield   13 23 15 11 12 15 11 13 15 12 11 29 17 18 10 10 11 11 26 15 22 29 - - - - 9 10 19 21 15 - - - - - 12 10 13 12 14 24 11 15 12 11 12 - -
7BXDQ Crowley   13 22 14 9 14 17 11 11 13 12 12 30 18 15 9 9 11 11 24 16 19 35 15 15 17 17 10 11 18 21 17 12 17 19 33 36 11 10                      
MS2RX Hall   13 22 14 9 14 17 11 11 12 12 12 30 18 15 9 9 11 11 24 16 19 35 15 15 17 17 10 11 18 21 17 12 17 19 35 35 11 10                      
JJAB4 Chamberlain E1 13 22 17 10 15 16 11 12 12 12 12 30 18 15 9 9 11 11 23 16 19 33 15 16 16 17 10 11 18 21 16 12 18 19 32 35 11 10                      
ysearch Graber, Germany ZN6WS   12 24 14 10 15 17 11 16 12 13 14 29 16 17 8 9 11 11 26 14 20 28 13 14 16 17 10 9 19 22 17 14 18 19 32 36 12 12                      
ysearch Russell, Staffs 7R9U9   13 23 15 10 16 17 11 14 10 13 12 29 16 16 7 9 11 11 24 14 20 28 15 15 16 16 11 10 19 21 13 17 18 20 33 35 12 10                      
ysearch Brewer, BCHP4   15 23 15 10 16 16 11 13 12 13 12 28 15 17 9 9 11 11 23 14 20 27 14 15 16 17 11 10 19 21 15 15 18 19 36 38 12 10                      
ysearch Baum EK7NX   13 23 15 10 12 14 11 13 14 12 11 29 17 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 30 10 16 17 17 10 10 19 21 15 14 18 19 35 35 12 10 - - - - - - - - - - -
smgf Sutton   13 23 16 11 12 15 11 13 12 12 11 29 17 20 10 10 11 11 26 15 21 28 - - - - 9 10 19 19 15 - - - - - 12 10 13 12 13 24 11 14 12 11 11 10 21
smgf Ritchie   13 23 15 11 12 14 11 13 12 12 11 29 17 18 10 10 11 11 26 15 21 29 - - - - 9 10 19 19 17 - - - - - 12 10 12 12 13 24 11 15 11 11 11 - 21
Livingston project S. Livingston   13 23 15 10 12 14 11 13 13 12 11 29 17 19 10 10 11 11 26 15 21 28 11 15 16 17 9 10 19 19 16 14 17 17 36 36 12 10 - - - - - - - - - - -
Livingston project B. Livingston   13 23 15 10 12 14 11 13 13 12 11 29 17 19 10 10 11 11 26 15 21 29 11 15 16 17 9 10 19 19 16 14 17 17 36 36 12 10 11 12 13 23 11 - - - - - -
Livingston project R. Livingston I1* 13 23 15 10 12 14 11 13 13 12 11 29 17 19 10 10 11 11 26 15 21 29 11 15 16 17 9 10 19 19 16 14 17 17 37 37 12 10 11 12 13 23 11 15 12 11 11 10 21
Livingston project T. Livingston   13 23 15 10 12 14 11 13 13 12 11 29 17 19 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 11 15 16 17 9 10 19 19 16 14 18 17 36 36 12 10 - - - - - - - - - - -
smgf Adamson, Carnock, Fife   13 23 15 10 12 14 11 13 13 12 11 29 17 18 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 - - - - 9 10 19 19 17 - - - - - 12 10 12 12 13 23 11 15 12 11 11 10 21
smgf Adamson, Alabama   13 23 15 10 12 14 11 13 14 12 11 29 17 18 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 - - - - 9 10 19 19 17 - - - - - 12 10 12 12 13 22 11 15 12 11 11 10 21
Adamson project Adamson, Maryland   13 24 15 10 12 14 11 13 13 12 11 29 17 18 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 11 15 16 17                                              
ysearch Lockhart, CQVDM I1* 13 23 15 11 12 14 11 13 13 12 11 29 17 18 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 11 16 16 17 9 10 19 19 18 - - - - - 12 10 12 12 14 23 11 15 12 11 11 10 21
smgf Jeffers   13 23 15 11 12 14 11 13 12 12 11 29 17 18 10 10 11 11 25 15 22 29 - - - - 9 10 19 19 17 - - - - - 12 10 12 12 14 23 11 15 12 11 11 - 21
ysearch Young FYH2P   13 23 15 11 12 14 11 13 12 12 11 28 16 17 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 11 16 16 19                                              
smgf Bennion, Wales (>Taylorsville)   13 23 15 10 12 15 11 13 12 12 11 29 17 18 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 - - - - 9 10 19 19 17 - - - - - 12 10 12 12 15 23 12 15 13 11 11 10 21
smgf Bennion, West Jordan   13 23 15 11 12 15 11 13 13 12 11 29 17 19 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 - - - - 9 10 19 19 17 - - - - - 12 10 12 12 15 23 12 15 13 11 11 10 -
smgf Bennion (John b 1851), Taylorsv.   14 23 14 11 12 15 11 13 13 12 11 29 17 19 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 - - - - 9 10 19 19 17 - - - - - 12 10 12 12 14 22 12 15 13 11 11 10 21
smgf Bennion (Archie b 1875), Taylorsv.   13 23 15 11 12 15 11 13 13 13 11 29 16 18 10 10 11 11 25 15 21 29 - - - - 9 11 19 19 17 - - - - - 12 10 12 12 15 23 12 15 13 11 11 10 21
ysearch Win(g)field, England 4K5UC   13 23 16 11 12 14 11 13 12 12 11 28 16 - - - 11 11 25 15 - - - - - - 9 11 19 19 - - - - - - - 10 11 12 13 22 11 - - - - - -
correspondence Stewart, Scotland   13 23 16 11 12 15 11 13 12 12 11 29 17                                                                        
ysearch Wallace G65KV   13 23 16 11 12 15 11 13 12 12 11 29 17 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 30 11 15 16 17 9 10 19 19 17 14 17 17 36 36 12 10 - - - - - - - - - - -
ysearch Wallace MQR7S   13 23 16 11 12 15 11 13 12 12 11 29 17 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 30 11 15 16 17 9 10 19 19 17 14 17 17 36 36 12 10 - - - - - - - - - - -
ysearch Wallace YAV7V   13 23 16 11 12 15 11 13 12 12 11 29 17 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 30 11 15 16 17 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
smgf Wallace, Scotland   13 23 16 11 12 15 11 13 12 12 11 29 17 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 20 30 - - - - 9 10 19 19 17 - - - - - 12 10 12 12 14 22 11 15 12 11 11 10 21
smgf Wallace, Scotland   13 23 16 11 12 15 11 13 12 12 11 29 17 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 20 30 - - - - 9 10 19 19 17 - - - - - 12 10 12 12 14 22 11 15 12 11 11 10 21
ysearch Clark, Scotland   13 23 16 11 12 15 11 13 12 12 11 29 17 17 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 30 11 15 16 17 9 10 19 19 17 14 17 17 36 36 12 10 - - - - - - - - - - -
smgf Edwards   13 24 16 11 12 15 11 13 12 12 11 29 17 18 9 9 11 11 25 15 21 31 - - - - 9 10 19 19 17 - - - - - 12 10 12 12 14 23 11 15 12 11 11 10 21
KSN49 Sas, Belgium   11 22 14 10 13 18 11 12 13 12 14 29 17 15 9 9 11 12 23 15 19 29 14 14 16 16 10 11 19 19 16 14 17 13 34 35 12 11                      
                                                                                                       
Ashley project Ashley   13 23 15 10 12 16 11 15 13 13 11 29 16 18 8 8 11 11 26 14 18 29 11 14 14 15 10 9 21 21 14 10 17 19 34 36 12 10