(Original)

Fact Sheet

Bureau of Intelligence and Research

Washington, DC

March 26, 2004

Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty

See also:

Independent States in the World (192 = 191 UN members + Taiwan)

How's That Place Spelled? (GEOnet)

State Department Country Background Notes

! New change, since previous list

Short-form name Long-form name Sovereignty FIPS Code
(see note 1)
Capital
197 American Samoa Territory of
American Samoa
United States AQ Pago Pago
! Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area (see note 15)
198 Anguilla (no long-form name) United Kingdom AV The Valley
195 Antarctica (no long-form name) None
(see note 2)
AY None
199 Aruba (no long-form name) Netherlands AA Oranjestad
247 Ashmore and Cartier Islands Territory of Ashmore
and Cartier Islands
Australia AT Administered
from Canberra
236 Baker Island (no long-form name) United States FQ Administered from Washington, D.C.
200 Bermuda (no long-form name) United Kingdom BD Hamilton
201 Bouvet Island (no long-form name) Norway BV Admin. from Oslo
202 British Indian
Ocean Territory
(see note 3)
British Indian
Ocean Territory
United Kingdom IO None
203 Cayman Islands (no long-form name) United Kingdom CJ George Town
204 Christmas Island Territory of
Christmas Island
Australia KT The Settlement
(Flying Fish Cove)
262 Clipperton Island (no long-form name) France IP Administered from
French Polynesia
205 Cocos
(Keeling) Islands
Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands Australia CK West Island
206 Cook Islands (no long-form name) New Zealand CW Avarua
248 Coral Sea Islands Coral Sea
Islands Territory
Australia CR Administered
from Canberra
! Dhekelia Sovereign Base Area (see note 15)
207 Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Colony of the
Falkland Islands
United
Kingdom
(see note 4)
FK Stanley
208 Faroe Islands (no long-form name) Denmark FO Tórshavn
209 French Guiana
(see note 5)
       
210 French Polynesia Territory of
French Polynesia
France FP Papeete
211 French
Southern and
Antarctic Lands
(see note 6)
Territory of the
French Southern
and Antarctic Lands
France FS Administered
from Paris
212 Gibraltar (no long-form name) United Kingdom GI Gibraltar
213 Greenland (no long-form name) Denmark GL Nuuk (Godthåb)
214 Guadeloupe
(see note 5)
       
215 Guam Territory of Guam United States GQ Hagatna
241 Guernsey
(see note 7)
Bailiwick of Guernsey British Crown Dependency GK Saint Peter Port
216 Heard Island and McDonald Islands Territory of
Heard Island
and McDonald Islands
Australia HM Administered
from Canberra
217 Hong Kong Hong Kong Special Administrative Region China
(see note 8)
HK None
249 Howland Island (no long-form name) United States HQ Administered from Washington, D.C.
264 Jan Mayen (no long-form name) Norway JN Administered
from Oslo
(see note 9)
250 Jarvis Island (no long-form name) United States DQ Administered from Washington, D.C.
242 Jersey Bailiwick of Jersey British Crown Dependency JE Saint Helier
251 Johnston Atoll (no long-form name) United States JQ Administered from Washington, D.C.
252 Kingman Reef (no long-form name) United States KQ Administered from Washington, D.C.
218 Macau Macau Special Administrative Region China
(see note 10)
MC Macau
243 Man, Isle of (no long-form name) British
Crown Dependency
IM Douglas
219 Martinique
(see note 5)
       
220 Mayotte Territorial Collectivity of Mayotte France MF Mamoudzou
253 Midway Islands (no long-form name) United States MQ Administered from Washington, D.C.
221 Montserrat (no long-form name) United Kingdom MH Plymouth
254 Navassa Island (no long-form name) United States BQ Administered from Washington, D.C.
222 Netherlands Antilles
(see note 11)
(no long-form name) Netherlands NT Willemstad
223 New Caledonia Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies France NC Nouméa
224 Niue (no long-form name) New Zealand NE Alofi
225 Norfolk Island Territory of
Norfolk Island
Australia NF Kingston
226 Northern
Mariana Islands
Commonwealth
of the Northern
Mariana Islands
United States CQ Saipan
255 Palmyra Atoll (no long-form name) United States LQ Administered from Washington, D.C.
263 Paracel Islands (no long-form name) undetermined (see note 12) PF None
227 Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn,
Henderson, Ducie,
and Oeno Islands
United Kingdom PC Adamstown
228 Puerto Rico Commonwealth
of Puerto Rico
United States RQ San Juan
229 Reunion
(see note 5)
       
230 Saint Helena
(see note 13)
(no long-form name) United Kingdom SH Jamestown
231 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial
Collectivity of Saint
Pierre and Miquelon
France SB Saint-Pierre
232 South Georgia
and the South Sandwich Islands
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands United
Kingdom
(see note 4)
SX None
265 Spratly Islands (no long-form name) undetermined (see note 14) PG None
233 Svalbard (no long-form name) Norway SV Longyearbyen
234 Tokelau (no long-form name) New Zealand TL None
235 Turks and
Caicos Islands
(no long-form name) United Kingdom TK Grand Turk
238 Virgin Islands, U.S. United States
Virgin Islands
United States VQ Charlotte Amalie
237 Virgin Islands, British (no long-form name) United Kingdom VI Road Town
256 Wake Island (no long-form name) United States WQ Administered from Washington, D.C.
239 Wallis and Futuna Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands France WF Matâ'utu
240 Western Sahara (no long-form name) undetermined WI None

NOTES

Note 1: Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4 codes.

Note 2: Antarctica consists of the territory south of 60 degrees south latitude. This area includes claims by Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, and the United Kingdom, the legal status of which remains in suspense under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty of 1959. The United States recognizes no claims to Antarctica.

Note 3: Chagos Archipelago (including Diego Garcia).

Note 4: U.K. Overseas Territory (also claimed by Argentina).

Note 5: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Reunion are departments (first-order administrative units) of France, and are therefore not dependencies or areas of special sovereignty. They are included in this list only for the convenience of the user. The Department of Guadeloupe includes the nearby islands of Marie-Galante, La Desirade, and Iles des Saintes, as well as Saint Barthelemy and the northern three-fifths of Saint Martin (the rest of which belongs to Netherlands Antilles). The islands of Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, and Tromelin Island are administered from Reunion; all these islands are claimed by Madagascar, and Tromelin Island is claimed by Mauritius.

Note 6: "French Southern and Antarctic Lands" includes Île Amsterdam, Île Saint-Paul, Îles Crozet, and Îles Kerguelen in the southern Indian Ocean, along with the French-claimed sector of Antarctica, "Terre Adélie." The United States does not recognize the French claim to "Terre Adélie" (see note 2).

Note 7: The Bailiwick of Guernsey includes the islands of Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and nearby smaller islands.

Note 8: Under a Sino-British declaration of September 1984, Hong Kong reverted to Chinese control on July 1, 1997. It is now a semi-autonomous entity that exists pursuant to international agreement and maintains its own government apart from the People's Republic of China.

Note 9: Administered from Oslo, Norway, through a governor resident in Longyearbyen, Svalbard.

Note 10: Under the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau signed in 1987, Macau reverted to Chinese control on December 20, 1999. It is now a semi-autonomous entity that exists pursuant to international agreement and maintains its own government apart from the People's Republic of China.

Note 11: Netherlands Antilles comprises two groupings of islands: Curaçao and Bonaire are located off the coast of Venezuela; Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten (the Dutch two-fifths of the island of Saint Martin) lie 800 km to the north.

Note 12: South China Sea islands occupied by China but claimed by Vietnam.

Note 13: The territory of Saint Helena includes the Island group of Tristan da Cunha; Saint Helena also administers Ascension Island.

Note 14: South China Sea islands claimed in entirety by China and Vietnam and in part by the Philippines and Malaysia; each of these states occupies some part of the islands.

Note 15: U.K. military bases on the island of Cyprus.

Note 16: The joint force headquarters under the Commander of the British Forces, Cyprus administers both sovereign base areas from Episkopi.

Source: Office of The Geographer and Global Issues, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, U.S. Department of State, Washington, DC.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

193 Palestine

196 Aland

244-245-246 England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland

257-261 French Miscelaneous