TUVINIAN ARAT REPUBLIC
Compiled by Yuri Yashnev, edited by Hendrik Meersschaert
Acknowledgment : this picture is from an article in the Russian military magazine "Armoury", #12, 2000.
Short Historical Note
The Tuvinian Arat Republic (Arat = steppe shepherd) was an independent state (a
satellite of USSR like the Mongolian People's Republic) which gained its independence in
1921 and officially joined to USSR in 1944. Its territory lies just between the former
USSR and the Mongolian People's Republic. It's also called, for short, Tuva.
Tuvinian volunteers took part in WW2 after 23/05/1943. Tuvinian tank crews, trained in the USSR, were sent to front. One of them became a Hero of USSR. Tuva sent other regular troops too : a Tuvinian Infantry Regiment and a Tuvinian cavalry squadron, etc. Especially the Tuvinian cavalrymen proved to be good soldiers and were awarded many a Soviet award. The Tuvinian squadron was part of the 31 Guards' cavalry regiment as its 4th squadron.
1. A. Kutsenko, Y. Smirnov. Orders of Soviet Republics. 1996
2. V. Durov, Y.Fatyanov. Medal for Combat Merit of Tuva. "Armoury", #12, 2000.
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