Top 50 most remarkable Red Stars


The Coldfield Observatory

 
The Red Stars in order of Right Ascension
The Red Stars in the constellations
The descriptions
 

This Top 50 list gives you the easiest and most remarkable red stars of the night sky, quickly found in your telescope. This is not, like many other lists, an extract from a database filtering the brightest red stars. It is a summary of 50 deep orange stars easily found, and easily spotted as a contrasting reddish color next to the normally white stars.

Some deep orange stars are so bright, they even are nicely colored in binoculars. Some fainter stars are almost reddish points in a nice surrounding milky way dense field with many stars. And why not a couple of red stars in such dense field, like X and BF SGE. Also some of these reddish stars like TX PSC can be occulted by our Moon, always a stunning event as well.

All 50 reddish stars from this list are observed by the author, equiped by a 6 inch f8 Newtonian reflector. The magnification used never exceeded 80 times. All these red stars are not below the declination of -16.

Deep orange colored stars are pretty nice objects, bright in foreground, or even hidden in background between many white lights. As you will see, mostly these orange colored stars are all variable stars, no wonder all following names resemble the known names of variables, some well known like R Leo. And the very cool carbon stars show a real deep red color.

There is a color index called B-V for all stars. It's the magnitude difference between the photographed star in two wavelenghts, mostly B and V, so white is equal to zero, while stars towards red have the greatest values of some magnitudes.

There is no doubt, colored photographs can bring all different colors of stars ahead, but the reddish amazing point with his own kind of brightness in a group of white twinkling points, feels more like a spectacle in your eyepiece.

 
  The 50 Red Stars from 00h 00m to 23h 59m R.A. :
Name R.A. Dec.  
 
ST CAS 00h17.6 +50.3  
VX AND 00h19.9 +44.7  
AQ AND 00h27.6 +35.6  
Z PSC 01h16.1 +25.8  
WW CAS 01h33.5 +57.8  
V ARI 02h15.0 +12.2  
Y PER 03h27.7 +44.2  
U CAM 03h41.8 +62.6  
ST CAM 04h51.2 +68.1  
R LEP 04h59.6 -14.8  
W ORI 05h05.4 +01.2  
Y TAU 05h45.7 +20.7  
TU GEM 06h10.9 +26.0  
UU AUR 06h36.5 +38.5  
BG MON 06h56.4 +07.1  
RV MON 06h58.4 +06.1  
W CMA 07h08.0 -11.9  
Y LYN 07h28.2 +46.0  
X CNC 08h55.4 +17.2  
T CNC 08h56.7 +19.8  
RT UMA 09h18.4 +51.4  
R Leo 09h47.6 +11.4  
U HYA 10h37.6 -13.4  
VY UMA 10h45.0 +67.4  
SS VIR 12h25.3 +00.7  
Y CVN 12h45.1 +45.4  
RY DRA 12h56.4 +66.0  
RX Boo 14h24.2 +25.7  
V CRB 15h49.5 +39.5  
V OPH 16h26.7 -12.4  
T LYR 18h32.3 +37.0  
RX SCT 18h37.0 -07.6  
HK LYR 18h42.8 +37.0  
DR SER 18h47.4 +05.5  
S SCT 18h50.3 -07.9  
T SCT 18h55.4 -08.1  
UV AQL 18h58.6 +14.4  
V AQL 19h04.4 -05.7  
UX DRA 19h21.6 +76.6  
AQ SGR 19h34.3 -16.4  
HD 189256 19h57.2 +44.3  
BF SGE + X SGE 20h02.4 ; 20h05.1 +21.0 ; +20.6  
RS CYG 20h13.4 +38.7  
U CYG 20h19.7 +47.9  
S CEP 21h35.2 +78.6  
BD VUL 20h37.3 +26.5  
RV CYG 21h43.3 +38.0  
mu CEP 21h43.5 +58.8  
RX PEG 21h56.4 +22.8  
TX PSC 23h46.4 +03.5  
 
  The 50 Red Stars in the constellations :
   
Cassiopeia
  ST CAS
  WW CAS
Andromeda
  VX AND
  AQ AND
Pisces
  Z PSC
  TX PSC
Aries
  V ARI
Perseus
  Y PER
Camelopardalis
  U CAM
  ST CAM
Lepus
  R LEP
Orion
  W ORI
Taurus
  Y TAU
Gemini
  TU GEM
Auriga
  UU AUR
Monoceros
  BG MON
  RV MON
Canis Major
  W CMA
Lynx
  Y LYN
Cancer
  X CNC
  T CNC
Ursa Major
  RT UMA
  VY UMA
Leo
  R Leo
Hydra
  U HYA
Virgo
  SS VIR
Canes Venatici
  Y CVN
Draco
  RY DRA
  UX DRA
Bootes
  RX BOO
Corona Borealis
  V CRB
Ophiuchus
  V OPH
Lyra
  T LYR
  HK LYR
Serpens
  DR SER
Scutum
  RX SCT
  S SCT
  T SCT
Aquila
  UV AQL
  V AQL
Sagittarius
  AQ SGR
Sagitta
  BF SGE
  X SGE
Cygnus
  RS CYG
  U CYG
  RV CYG
  HD 189256
Cepheus
  S CEP
  mu CEP
Vulpecula
  BD VUL
Pegasus
  RX PEG
 
 
 

 
 
  Descriptions
 
Here are the details of the 50 preferred Red Stars to look for. It contains the position and a short description with things to know.
 
To make it yourself even more convenient, all Red Stars are rated with a number of stars:
 
***** These are the finest reddish stars of the night sky. Mostly the well known due to brightness and considerably red color, perhaps the deepest cool carbon stars, but for certain easily found.
**** Very nice red stars, sometimes a little effort to spot them, or standing in an attractive star field. But once found, they show a contrasting reddish color next to the others.
*** These red stars are not so famous, maybe just orange bright, or not easily spotted inside the arrangement of white stars, but still a pretty reddish light can be glimpsed.
 
A less rating does not tell the red star isn't worth spotting it. It still reached the Top 50, remember!
 
             
1 ST CAS
 
  RA: 00h 17.6 Dec.: +50.3   Cas
   
  Orange-red point in a rather poor star field, but with several nice doubles. It lies in the region SW from the 'W' pattern of Cassiopeia.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
2 VX AND
 
  RA: 00h 19.9 Dec.: +44.7   And
   
  Only five degrees NW of the galaxy M31. This star clearly shows a very red color. Try also AQ And, five degrees SW of M31.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
3 AQ AND
 
  RA: 00h 27.6 Dec.: +35.6   And
   
  Only five degrees SW of the galaxy M31. It reveals a nicely reddish star. Try also VX And, five degrees NW of M31.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
4 Z PSC
 
  RA: 01h 16.1 Dec.: +25.8   Psc
   
  Fairly bright dark-orange star. It sits in the northern fish, so just beneath Beta And. TX PSC is also a nice attempt in the southern fish.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
5 WW CAS
 
  RA: 01h 33.5 Dec.: +57.8   Cas
   
  A little effort is needed to trap this one, but finally a light-reddish starpoint is found. It rests beneath Delta Cas.
 
    Rate: ***
 
 
             
6 V ARI
 
  RA: 02h 15.0 Dec.: +12.2   Ari
   
  Beautiful orange star as the second star in a zigzag pattern of four stars. An obvious hint of light-orange. It stands right between the heads of the Whale and the Ram.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
7 Y PER
 
  RA: 03h 27.7 Dec.: +44.2   Per
   
  A little orange starlight. It sits in the middle of Perseus, so between Beta and Delta. North of it lies a suspicious triangle of stars.
 
    Rate: ***
 
 
             
8 U CAM
 
  RA: 03h 41.8 Dec.: +62.6   Cam
   
  An easily found red light. In the area above Alpha Per and east of Cassiopeia. It stands not far west from the known Kemble's cascade and open cluster NGC 1502 with double lucida.
 
    Rate: ***
 
 
             
9 ST CAM
 
  RA: 04h 51.2 Dec.: +68.1   Cam
   
  In the empty field of Camelopardalis, but when it is found, an orange-reddish star is seen as last one in an arc of three stars.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
10 R LEP
 
  RA: 04h 59.6 Dec.: -14.8   Lep
   
  It stands several degrees SW of Rigel of Orion. Not a deep declination, and beautifully bright and red. It's the eastern light of a row of three stars. It is also called Hind's Crimson Star. A cool carbon star which varies between mag. 6 and 11 in a period of 14 months. Discovered in 1845 by John R. Hind.
 
    Rate: *****
 
 
             
11 W ORI
 
  RA: 05h 05.4 Dec.: +01.2   Ori
   
  At the right of the belt of Orion, at the lowest point of his shield. Bright small light, obviously red colored.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
12 Y TAU
 
  RA: 05h 45.7 Dec.: +20.7   Tau
   
  Its position is close to Zeta Tau, the star where also M1 is near. It resolves a deep orange star in a nice rich star field. West of it a fine double can be glimpsed.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
13 TU GEM
 
  RA: 06h 10.9 Dec.: +26.0   Gem
   
  A reddish orange starpoint, as the NW-most star of a 'Y' shape. It lies just above the huge open cluster of M35.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
14 UU AUR
 
  RA: 06h 36.5 Dec.: +38.5   Aur
   
  An inconspicuous bright orange star. It is positioned in the field left of the pentagon of the Charioteer.
 
    Rate: ***
 
 
             
15 BG MON
 
  RA: 06h 56.4 Dec.: +07.1   Mon
   
  A little reddish pink point of light. Three tiny stars in a nice line at west is also shown. The position is in the region west of the Little Dog. Also RV Mon is not far from here.
 
    Rate: ***
 
 
             
16 RV MON
 
  RA: 06h 58.4 Dec.: +06.1   Per
   
  Moderately bright and red with a touch of pink. The field is scattered with many straight lines of faint stars. The position is in the region west of the Little Dog. Also BG Mon is not far from here.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
17 W CMA
 
  RA: 07h 08.0 Dec.: -11.9   CMa
   
  Slightly bright orange star. Sits in a dense piece of the star field. Its location is just NE of the bright Sirius.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
18 Y LYN
 
  RA: 07h 28.2 Dec.: +46.0   Lyn
   
  Several bright stars closely settled in this view, one of them nicely yellowish, and Y Lyn itself is a marvelous deep-orange star. It stands midways the Lynx, in the area highly above Castor and Pollux.
 
    Rate: *****
 
 
             
19 X CNC
 
  RA: 08h 55.4 Dec.: +17.2   Cnc
   
  Its location is SE of Praesepe cluster M44. Fairly bright orange star. In this rather empty field stand closely four almost equally bright stars. Look also for T CNC, just E of Praesepe.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
20 T CNC
 
  RA: 08h 56.7 Dec.: +19.8   Cnc
   
  Its location is E of Praesepe cluster M44. Obvious nice red dot surrounded by many white lights. Look also for X CNC, just SE of Praesepe.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
21 RT UMA
 
  RA: 09h 18.4 Dec.: +51.4   Uma
   
  It shows up in the front claws of the Great Bear. An almost hidden tiny star just looks not white. More attention reveals pink-red. A pleasing wide double lies eastwards.
 
    Rate: ***
 
 
             
22 R Leo
 
  RA: 09h 47.6 Dec.: +11.4   Leo
   
  The well known variable west of Regulus is the best example of an attractive red giant. Its gorgeous color appears deeply reddish pink. Its brightness changes between magnitude 4 and 11 in ten months.
 
    Rate: *****
 
 
             
23 U HYA
 
  RA: 10h 37.6 Dec.: -13.4   Hya
   
  One of the best known carbon stars. It sits just above the middle part of the long Water Snake, so east of Alpha Hya. A deep catch, but immediately a considerably red and bright star is noticed.
 
    Rate: *****
 
 
             
24 VY UMA
 
  RA: 10h 45.0 Dec.: +67.4   Uma
   
  A pretty bright deep-orange star. Together with a curious line of three little stars at NE. It can be found NW of Alpha UMa.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
25 SS VIR
 
  RA: 12h 25.3 Dec.: +00.7   Vir
   
  It is positioned NW of the known challenge of double Porrima in Virgo. A nicely deep orange-red color is prominent.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
26 Y CVN
 
  RA: 12h 45.1 Dec.: +45.4   CVn
   
  Beneath the tail of the Great Bear is his location. An obvious deep-orange star in a very poor star area. It carries the name La Superba thanks to the astronomer Secchi. A giant cool carbon star is it as well.
 
    Rate: *****
 
 
             
27 RY DRA
 
  RA: 12h 56.4 Dec.: +66.0   Dra
   
  Another known cool carbon star quickly seen and resolving a red color. It lies in the Dragon's tail, so between the Great and Little Bear.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
28 RX BOO
 
  RA: 14h 24.2 Dec.: +25.7   Boo
   
  An easy hunt and a pretty nice deep-orange star, which is moderately bright. It is situated above the main star of Arcturus.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
29 V CRB
 
  RA: 15h 49.5 Dec.: +39.5   CrB
   
  Just inside the top border of Corona Borealis, so far above the Crown. A lovely tiny light, slightly faint, and deeply orange colored.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
30 V OPH
 
  RA: 16h 26.7 Dec.: -12.4   Oph
   
  A fairly bright star and a fine orange color can be glimpsed. It sits SW of the middle star Zeta of the three lower stars of the Serpent Bearer.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
31 T LYR
 
  RA: 18h 32.3 Dec.: +37.0   Lyr
   
  An inconspicuous star displays an orange tint, almost red. In a field with many stars. It rests SW of Wega, and HK Lyr with same declination stands 2 degrees to the left, SE of Wega.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
32 RX SCT
 
  RA: 18h 37.0 Dec.: -07.6   Sct
   
  It is spotted NE of Alpha Sct. A surprising empty field in Scutum is noticed. Here stands a little orange dot.
 
    Rate: ***
 
 
             
33 HK LYR
 
  RA: 18h 42.8 Dec.: +37.0   Lyr
   
  Beautiful sight. A chain of stars resembles a question mark, and its final end is this marvelous orange-red light. At N also lies a bright double star. It rests SE of Wega, and T Lyr with same declination stands 2 degrees to the right, SW of Wega.
 
    Rate: *****
 
 
             
34 DR SER
 
  RA: 18h 47.4 Dec.: +05.5   Ser
   
  It can be found completely in the tail of the Snake, so rather west of Delta Aql. A tiny reddish orange star is resolved, in a curious area containing groups of bright stars.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
35 S SCT
 
  RA: 18h 50.3 Dec.: -07.9   Sct
   
  A triangle of stars is remarkable, and one corner of it is this clearly orange colored star. It lies just south of the marvelous known open cluster M11. T Sct can be searched a great degree at east.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
36 T SCT
 
  RA: 18h 55.4 Dec.: -08.1   Sct
   
  You can easily miss it, but a small pink spot is your goal. It lies just SE of the marvelous known open cluster M11. S Sct can be searched a great degree at west.
 
    Rate: ***
 
 
             
37 UV AQL
 
  RA: 18h 58.6 Dec.: +14.4   Aql
   
  Near the tip of the eastern wing of Aquila. A slightly faint star, showing an orange tint. In a fine rich field where small groups of stars are sprinkled.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
38 V AQL
 
  RA: 19h 04.4 Dec.: -05.7   Aql
   
  Its location is closely SW of the lowest Aquila star Lambda. At the end of an arc starting with a bright one, stands this pretty orangish red light.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
39 UX DRA
 
  RA: 19h 21.6 Dec.: +76.6   Dra
   
  Equatorial telescopes need an effort for this fine orange star close to the northern celestial pole. It is part of a quadrangle, also a funny small triangle of stars is a companion.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
40 AQ SGR
 
  RA: 19h 34.3 Dec.: -16.4   Sgr
   
  Its location is in the upperleft corner of the constellation, so not very deep. You finally spot a pretty moderately bright deep orange star.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
41 HD 189256
 
  RA: 19h 57.2 Dec.: +44.3   Cyg
   
  It stands east of the left wing tip Delta Cyg. A small triangle, and one corner is spotted as an orangish pink tiny light.
 
    Rate: ***
 
 
             
42 BF SGE + X SGE
 
  RA: 20h02.4;20h05.1 Dec.: +21.0;+20.6   Sge
   
  Both reddish stars lie just NE of the tip of the Arrow. The slightly fainter BF Sge lies only 40' NW of the other X Sge. For BF Sge the reddish orange color can be glimpsed without doubt. And it looks to be part of a fine row of tiny stars. Also X Sge is merely a little dot, hidden inside many other faint stars, but the orange color is noticed as well.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
43 RS CYG
 
  RA: 20h 13.4 Dec.: +38.7   Cyg
   
  It rests SW of middle Gamma Cyg. This is a plenty filled star field with many bright ones. It is an orangish star forming a wide double with a companion.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
44 U CYG
 
  RA: 20h 19.7 Dec.: +47.9   Cyg
   
  In the field NW of Deneb. Inside a display scattered with finest stars, this looks really like a double star. Two equally bright stars, one of them definitely orange. Next to it also sits a pretty small double.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
45 S CEP
 
  RA: 21h 35.2 Dec.: +78.6   Cep
   
  The second variable of Cepheus S Cep, sits west of the top of the house shaped constellation. It displays a really obvious reddish star.
 
    Rate: *****
 
 
             
46 BD VUL
 
  RA: 20h 37.3 Dec.: +26.5   Vul
   
  The view shows an area sprinkled with many faint stars. Next to a bright star, waits this reddish pink little dot. Its location is rather beneath the right wing tip of the Swan.
 
    Rate: ***
 
 
             
47 RV CYG
 
  RA: 21h 43.3 Dec.: +38.0   Cyg
   
  At the leftmost part of Cygnus, so almost in the lower part of Lacerta. A group of stars look like a bean, inside it a prominent gorgeous orange-red star.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
48 mu CEP
 
  RA: 21h 43.5 Dec.: +58.8   Cep
   
  It glitters below the midpoint of the two lowest stars of the house shaped constellation. You can't miss the pure reddish color of this bright star. Herschel called this red supergiant his Garnet Star.
 
    Rate: *****
 
 
             
49 RX PEG
 
  RA: 21h 56.4 Dec.: +22.8   Peg
   
  A moderately faint star, but an obvious orange red color. Easily found far right of the Pegasus square, just below the front legs of the horse.
 
    Rate: ****
 
 
             
50 TX PSC
 
  RA: 23h 46.4 Dec.: +03.5   Psc
   
  A splendid deep-orange bright star. It sits in the southern fish, so just beneath the square of Pegasus. Z PSC is also a nice attempt in the northern fish.
 
    Rate: *****