The flight Training section contains information related to FAR 61 & 91. Any information on this site is superseeded by any national or international legislation concerned or any aircraft manufactures specifications and/or Airworthiness Directives. For the actual flight training and testing the FAA uses the Practical Test Standard (PTS).
Eligibility Requirements
Aeronautical knowledge
Flight Proficiency
Aeronautical experience
Recent flight experience
Instrument proficiency check

To obtain the Instrument Rating for powerd aircraft you need to hold at least a current private pilot certificate with an airplane, helicopter or powered-lift rating, appropriate to the instrument rating sought. A total instrument time of 40 hours and at least 15 hours of flight training with a FAA certified instrument flight instructor is required . A Third Class Medical minimum is required (FAA designated medical examiner) and you need to pass the written test and take the check-ride with a FAA designated pilot examiner. The groundschool, flight training and test can be done both in the USA or abroad, depending the availability of examiners.

Suggested reading
Prerequisites
Tasks
Completion Standards
14 CFR Part 1
Definitions and abbreviations Current medical (Class II minimum), licence, logbook, hood, E6-B, current aeronautical charts, Form 8710, Logbook sign off by a CFI , CFI Reference material, appropriate certified airplane.

An applicant for an instrument rating practical test is required by 14 CFR part 61 to:
1. hold at least a current private pilot certificate with an aircraft rating appropriate to the instrument rating sought;
2. pass the appropriate instrument rating knowledge test since the beginning of the 24th month before the month in which the practical test is taken;
3. obtain the applicable instruction and aeronautical experience prescribed for the instrument rating sought;
4. hold at least a current third-class medical certificate;
5. be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English language. If there is a doubt, use AC 60-28, English Language Skill Standards;
6. obtain a written statement from an authorized flight instructor certifying that the applicant has been given flight instruction in preparation for the practical test within 60 days preceding the date of application. The statement shall also state that the instructor finds the applicant competent to pass the practical test and that the applicant has satisfactory knowledge of the subject area(s) in which a deficiency was indicated by the airman knowledge test report.

Aircraft and Equipment Required for the Practical Test
The instrument rating applicant is required by 14 CFR part 61.45 to provide an airworthy, certificated aircraft for use during the practical test. Its operating limitations must not prohibit the TASKS required on the practical test. Flight instruments are those required for controlling the aircraft without outside references. The required radio equipment is that which is necessary for communications with air traffic control (ATC), and for the performance of two of the following nonprecision approaches: (VOR, NDB, GPS, LOC, LDA, SDF) and one precision approach: (glide slope, localizer, marker beacon, and approach lights). To obtain an instrument rating with multiengine privileges, an applicant must demonstrate competency in a multiengine airplane not limited to center thrust. The multiengine airplane that is used to obtain unlimited multiengine privileges must have a V MC speed established by the manufacturer, and produce an asymmetrical thrust configuration with the loss of one or more engines. If an instrument flight test is conducted in a multiengine airplane limited to center thrust, a limitation shall be placed on the applicant's certificate: (INSTRUMENT RATING, AIRPLANE MULTIENGINE, LIMITED TO CENTER THRUST).
Use of FAA-Approved Flight Simulator or Flight Training Device
An airman applicant for instrument rating certification is authorized to use an FAA-qualified and approved flight simulator or flight training device, to complete certain flight TASK requirements listed in this practical test standard. When flight TASKS are accomplished in an aircraft, certain TASK elements may be accomplished through "simulated" actions in the interest of safety and practicality, but when accomplished in a flight simulator or flight training device, these same actions would not be "simulated." For example, when in an aircraft, a simulated engine fire may be addressed by retarding the throttle to idle, simulating the shutdown of the engine, simulating the discharge of the fire suppression agent, if applicable, simulating the disconnect of associated electrical, hydraulic, and pneumatics systems, etc. However, when the same emergency condition is addressed in a flight simulator or flight training device, all TASK elements must be accomplished as would be expected under actual circumstances. Similarly, safety of flight precautions taken in the aircraft for the accomplishment of a specific maneuver or procedure (such as limiting altitude in an approach to stall or setting maximum airspeed for an engine failure expected to result in a rejected takeoff) need not be taken when a flight simulator or flight training device is used. It is important to understand that whether accomplished in an aircraft, flight simulator or flight training device, all TASKS and elements for each maneuver or procedure shall have the same performance standards applied equally for determination of overall satisfactory performance.
The applicant must demonstrate all of the instrument approach procedures required by 14 CFR part 61. At least one instrument approach procedure must be demonstrated in an airplane, helicopter, or powered lift as appropriate. At least one precision and one nonprecision approach not selected for actual flight demonstration may be performed in flight simulators or flight training devices that meet the requirements of appendix 1 of this practical test standard.

Review of Part 61 & 91, oral test and flight test PTS, temporarly Pilot Instructor Certificate issued by the examiner.

Satisfactory performance to meet the requirements for certification is
based on the applicant's ability to safely:
1. perform the approved AREAS OF OPERATION for the certificate or rating sought within the approved standards;
2. demonstrate mastery of the aircraft with the successful outcome of each TASK performed never seriously in doubt;
3. demonstrate satisfactory proficiency and competency within the approved standards;
4. demonstrate sound judgment and ADM; and
5. demonstrate single-pilot competence if the aircraft is type certificated for single-pilot operations.
14 CFR Part 61 Certification: Pilots and Flight Instructors
14 CFR Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules
14 CFR Part 95 IFR Altitudes
14 CFR Part 97 Standard Instrument Approach Procedures
NTSB Part 830 Notification and Reporting of Aircraft
Accidents and Incidents
AC 00-2-13 Advisory Circular Checklist
AC 00-6A Aviation Weather
AC 00-45E Aviation Weather Services
AC 61-23C Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge
AC 61-65D Certification: Pilots and Flight Instructors
AC 61-67B Stall and Spin Awareness Training
AC 61-84B Role of Preflight Preparation
AC 61-98A Currency and Additional Qualification
Requirements for Certificated Pilots
AC 90-48C Pilots' Role in Collision Avoidance
AC 90-94 Guidelines for Using Global Positioning
Systems
FAA-H-8083-9 Aviation Instructor's Handbook
FAA-H-8083-15 Instrument Flying Handbook
FAA-S-8081-4 Instrument Rating Practical Test Standards
AIM Aeronautical Information Manual
IAP's Instrument Approach Procedures
DP's Departure Procedures
STAR's Standard Terminal Arrivals
AFD Airport/Facility Directory
NOTAM's Notices to Airmen
Other Enroute Low Altitude Charts
Other Appropriate Aircraft Flight Manuals