The flight Training section contains information related to FAR 61 & 91. Any information on this site is superseeded by any national or international legislation concerned or any aircraft manufactures specifications and/or Airworthiness Directives. For the actual flight training and testing the FAA uses the Practical Test Standard (PTS).
Eligibility Requirements
Aeronautical knowledge
Flight Proficiency
Aeronautical experience
Exceptions to night flying requirements
Privileges and limitations

To obtain the Commercial Pilot Certificate for powerd aircraft you need a minimum of 250 hours total time, including 20 hours of flight training with a FAA certified flight instructor. A Second Class Medical minimum is required (FAA designated medical examiner) and you need to pass the written test and take the check-ride with a FAA designated pilot examiner. The groundschool, flight training and test can be done both in the USA or abroad, depending the availability of examiners.

Suggested reading
Completion Standards
14 CFR Part 43
Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, Rebuilding and Alteration

Current medical (Class II minimum), licence, logbook, hood, E6-B, current aeronautical charts, Form 8710, Logbook sign off by a CFI , CFI Reference material, appropriate certified airplane.

An applicant for the Commercial Pilot-Airplane Practical Test is
required by 14 CFR part 61 to:
1. be at least 18 years of age;
2. be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English language. If there is a doubt, use AC 60-28,English Language Skill Standards;
3. possess a private pilot certificate with an airplane rating, if a commercial pilot certificate with an airplane rating is sought, or meet the flight experience required for a private pilot certificate (airplane rating) and pass the private airplane knowledge and practical test;
4. possess an instrument rating (airplane) or the following limitation shall be placed on the commercial pilot certificate: "Carrying passengers in airplanes for hire is prohibited at night or on cross-country flights of more than 50 nautical miles;"
5. have passed the appropriate commercial pilot knowledge test since the beginning of the 24th month before the month in which he or she takes the practical test;
6. have satisfactorily accomplished the required training and obtained the aeronautical experience prescribed;
7. possess at least a current third class medical certificate;
8. have an endorsement from an authorized instructor certifying that the applicant has received and logged training time within 60 days preceding the date of application in preparation for the practical test, and is prepared for the practical test; and
9. also have an endorsement certifying that the applicant has demonstrated satisfactory knowledge of the subject areas in which the applicant was deficient on the airman knowledge test.

Aircraft and Equipment Required for the Practical Test
The commercial pilot-airplane applicant is required by 14 CFR section 61.45, to provide an airworthy, certificated airplane for use during the practical test. This section further requires that the aircraft must:
1. be of U.S., foreign or military registry of the same category,class, and type, if applicable, for the certificate and/or rating for which the applicant is applying;
2. have fully functioning dual controls, except as provided for in 14 CFR section 61.45(c) and (e);
3. be capable of performing all AREAS OF OPERATION appropriate to the rating sought and have no operating limitations which prohibit its use in any of the AREAS OF OPERATION required for the practical test; and
4. be a complex airplane furnished by the applicant, unless the applicant currently holds a commercial pilot certificate with a single-engine or multiengine class rating as appropriate, for the performance of takeoffs, landings, and appropriate emergency procedures. A complex landplane is one having retractable landing gear, flaps, and controllable propeller or turbine-powered. A complex seaplane is one having flaps and controllable propeller.
Use of FAA-Approved Flight Simulator or Flight Training Device
An airman applicant for commercial pilot-airplane certification may be authorized to use an FAA-qualified and approved flight simulator or flight training device, to complete certain flight TASK requirements listed in this practical test standard.

Review of appilicable Part's, oral test and flight test Satisfactory performance to meet the requirements for certification is based on the applicant's ability to safely:
1. perform the TASKs specified in the AREAS OF OPERATION for the certificate or rating sought within the approved standards;
2. demonstrate mastery of the aircraft with the successful outcome of each TASK performed never seriously in doubt;
3. demonstrate satisfactory proficiency and competency within the approved standards;
4. demonstrate sound judgment; and
5. demonstrate single-pilot competence if the aircraft is type
certificated for single-pilot operations.

14 CFR Part 61 Certification: Pilots and Flight Instructors
14 CFR Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules
AC 00-6A Aviation Weather
AC 00-45E Aviation Weather Services
AC 61-23C
Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge
AC 61-65D Certification: Pilots and Flight Instructors
AC 61-67B Stall and Spin Awareness Training
AC 61-84B Role of Preflight Preparation
AC 90-48C Pilot's Role in Collision Avoidance
AC 90-66A Seaplane Safety for FAR Part 91 Operators
AC 91-69A Seaplane Safety for FAR Part 91 Operators
FAA-H-8083-1 Aircraft Weight and Balance Handbook
FAA-H-8083-3 Airplane Flying Handbook
FAA-H-8083-15 Instrument Flying Handbook
AIM Aeronautical Information Manual
AFD Airport/Facility Directory
FDC NOTAM National Flight Data Center Notices to Airmen
POH Pilot Operating Handbook
AFM FAA-Approved Flight Manual
Other Navigation Charts
Other Seaplane Supplement