The flight Training section contains information related to FAR 61 & 91. Any information on this site is superseeded by any national or international legislation concerned or any aircraft manufactures specifications and/or Airworthiness Directives. For the actual flight training and testing the FAA uses the Practical Test Standard (PTS).
Applicability
Eligibility Requirements
Aeronautical knowledge
Flight Proficiency
Aeronautical experience
Additional aircraft category and class ratings
Privileges
Airplane Category Rating
Rotorcraft category and helicopter class rating
Powererd-lift category rating

To obtain the Airline Transport Pilot Certificate for powerd aircraft you need a minimum of 1500 hours total time (1200 hours in case of a helicopter rating), including 250 hours of Pilot in Command time, 500 hours of cross-country flight time, 100 hours of night flight time and 75 hours of instrument flight time. To take the check-ride you need to be signed off by an authorized flight instructor. A First Class Medical minimum is required (FAA designated medical examiner) and you need to pass the written test and take the check-ride with a FAA designated pilot examiner. The groundschool, flight training and test can be done both in the USA or abroad, depending the availability of examiners.


Suggested reading
Prerequisites
Tasks
Completion Standards
14 CFR Part 1
Definitions and abbreviations Current medical (Class II minimum), licence, logbook, hood, E6-B, current aeronautical charts, Form 8710, Logbook sign off by a CFI , CFI Reference material, appropriate certified airplane.

Practical Test Prerequisites: Airline Transport Pilot
An applicant for the original issuance of an airline transport pilot
certificate is required (prior to the practical test) by 14 CFR Part 61 to:
1. have passed the appropriate airline transport pilot knowledge test within 24 months before the date of the practical test;
2. have the aeronautical experience prescribed in 14 CFR Part 61, that apply to the aircraft category and class rating;
3. have a minimum of a third-class medical certificate, if a medical certificate is required;
4. be at least 23 years of age; and
5. be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English language. If there is a doubt, use AC 60-28, English Language Skill Standards.
NOTE: The 24-month limitation does not apply if the applicant:
1. is employed as a flight crewmember by a certificate holder under 14 CFR parts 121, 125, or 135 at the time of the practical test and has satisfactorily accomplished that operator's approved-
a. Pilot in command aircraft qualification training program that is appropriate to the certificate and rating sought; and
b. Qualification training requirements appropriate to the certificate and ratings sought; or
2. is employed as a flight crewmember in scheduled U.S. military air transport operations at the time of the practical test, and has accomplished the pilot in command aircraft qualification training program that is appropriate to the certificate and rating sought.
Practical Test Prerequisites: Aircraft Type Rating
An applicant for a type rating in an airplane is required by 14 CFR Part 61 to have:
1. the applicable experience;
2. a minimum of a third-class medical certificate, if a medical certificate is required;
3. the appropriate category and class rating, or accomplish the appropriate TASKS in the private/commercial pilot PTS's, which are not in this PTS;
4. received and logged ground training from an authorized ground or flight instructor and flight training from an authorized flight instructor, on the AREAS OF OPERATION in this practical test standard that apply to the aircraft type rating sought; and
5. received a logbook endorsement from the instructor who conducted the training, certifying that the applicant completed all the training on the AREAS OF OPERATION in this practical test standard that apply to the aircraft type
rating sought. If the applicant is an employee of a part 121 or part 135 certificate holder, the applicant may present a training record that shows the satisfactory completion of that certificate holder's approved pilot in command training program for the aircraft type rating sought, instead of the requirements of 4 and 5 above. An applicant who holds the private pilot or limited commercial pilot certificate is required to have passed the appropriate instrument rating knowledge test since the beginning of the 24th month before the practical test is taken if the test is for the concurrent issuance of an instrument rating and an aircraft type rating. If an applicant is taking a practical test for the issuance of a private or commercial pilot certificate with an airplane rating, in an aircraft that requires a type rating, private pilot practical test standards or commercial pilot practical test standards, as appropriate to the certificate, should be used in conjunction with this PTS. Also, the current instrument rating practical test standard should be used in conjunction with this PTS if the applicant is concurrently taking a practical test for the issuance of an instrument rating and a type
rating. The TASKS that are in the private pilot, commercial pilot, or instrument rating PTS (and not in this PTS) must be accomplished.
Seaplane Class Rating
If the applicant does not hold a commercial pilot certificate with a seaplane class rating and desires an airplane class rating of single-engine sea, or multiengine sea, the latest edition of FAA-S-8081-12, Commercial Pilot Practical Test Standards-Airplane, shall be used in conjunction with this practical test standard. Commercial pilot practical test standards, Section 3, Commercial Pilot Airplane Single-Engine Sea, shall be used with single-engine aircraft. Commercial pilot practical test standards, Section 4, Commercial Pilot Airplane Multiengine Sea, shall be used with multiengine aircraft. In addition to the TASKS in this practical test standard, the following TASKS from the commercial pilot practical test standards must be accomplished for an airplane class rating of single-engine sea or multiengine sea.
1. Water and Seaplane Characteristics.
2. Seaplane Bases, Maritime Rules, and Aids to Marine
Navigation.
3. Sailing.
4. Seaplane Base/Water Landing Site Markings and Lighting.
5. Glassy Water Takeoff and Climb.
6. Glassy Water Approach and Landing.
7. Rough Water Takeoff and Climb.
8. Rough Water Approach and Landing.
9. Confined-Area Takeoff and Climb.
10. Confined-Area Approach and Landing.
11. Anchoring.
12. Docking and Mooring.
13. Beaching.
14. Ramping.
In addition to the above TASKS, if the applicant does not have
commercial multiengine class rating, the following TASK from the
commercial pilot practical test standards must be accomplished for
an airplane class rating of multiengine sea:
Review of appilicable Part's, oral test and flight test The practical test is passed if, in the judgment of the examiner, the
applicant demonstrates satisfactory performance with regard to:
The ability of an applicant to safely perform the required TASKS is
based on:
1. performing the TASKS specified in the AREAS OF OPERATION for the certificate or rating sought within the
approved standards;
2. demonstrating mastery of the aircraft with the successful outcome of each TASK performed never seriously in doubt;
3. demonstrating satisfactory proficiency and competency within the approved standards and single-pilot competence if the aircraft is type certificated for single-pilot operations.
4. demonstrating sound judgment and crew resource management.
 
14 CFR Part 61 Certification: Pilots and Flight Instructors
14 CFR Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules
SFAR 58 Advanced Qualification Program
FAA-H-8083-3 Airplane Flying Handbook
AC 00-6A Aviation Weather
AC 00-45E Aviation Weather Services
AC 60-22 Aeronautical Decision Making
AC 60-28 English Language Skill Standards
AC 61-27C Instrument Flying Handbook
AC 61-84B Role of Preflight Preparation
AC 120-28D Criteria for Approval of Category III Landing
Weather Minima
AC 120-29 Criteria for Approving Category I and
Category II Landing Minima for part 121
Operators
AC 120-40B Airplane Simulator Qualification
AC 120-45A Airplane Flight Training Device Qualification
AC 120-46 Use of Advanced Training Devices
AC 120-51C Crew Resource Management Training
AC 120-53 Crew Qualification and Pilot Type Rating
Requirements for Transport Category
Aircraft Operated Under part 121
AC 120-54 Advanced Qualification Program
AC 120-62 Takeoff Safety Training Aid
FSB Reports Flight Standardization Board Reports
AFM FAA-Approved Airplane Flight Manual
AIM Aeronautical Information Manual
  Other Pertinent Pilot's Operating Handbooks and
Flight Manuals
  En Route Low and High Altitude Charts
  Profile Descent Charts
DP Departure Procedures
STAR/FMSP Standard Terminal Arrival/Flight Management
  Systems Procedures
AFD Airport/Facility Directory
FDC NOTAM National Flight Data Center Notices to Airmen
IAP Instrument Approach Procedure Charts