The panthograph (pocket 5)
Since the creation
of the corkscrew, we soon get interested in pocket models. It is true
that the “T” corkscrew was not very practical, because it
was cumbersome and dangerous to keep in a pocket. Two problems had to
To avoid injuries caused by a non-protected worm.
The size had to be reduced, without diminishing its effectiveness.
first models (XVII century) were equipped with a protecting sleeve (see
picture) and had a ring that offers a one-finger grip.
you imagine drawing a cork, well tight in a bottleneck, with only one
finger … it’s almost impossible. This type of small size
corkscrew was then mainly designed to remove the cork of medicine or
the ring will be designed to receive the protecting sleeve as a handle.
Thanks to this modification, the pulling strength is retrieved.
the XVIII century, in England, an extraordinary ingenious and esthetical
corkscrew was designed. The “peg and worm” (see picture)
was so surprising that in 1973, the Wine Review published by Christie’s
described this corkscrew as: “A travel corkscrew made of steel,
of which the handle is shaped as a metal shaft that is inserted in the
center of the screw”.
at the end of the XVIII century, the folding corkscrew appeared, authorizing
the worm to be removed. The principle is quite simple: a ring, used
as the handle was equipped with a pivoting worm that could easily be
folded inside it. The so-called bow corkscrew (see picture) is more
common than the peg & worm.
1855, Lund patented a barrel corkscrew that was protecting the worm
and the shaft. In order to use the corkscrew, both parts of the barrel
had first to be unscrewed, and than screwed again to fix the worm (see
the end of the XIX century, Williamson created some variants to this
model ea: the bottle (see picture) and the bullet (see picture).
1891 in Germany, Hollweg realized the “pantograph” of which
the folded handle is protecting the worm. More known are the “Ladie’s
Legs”, made of celluloid, by Graef and Schmidt.
also mention the bottle wearing the advertisement of a great champagne
producer “Moët et Chandon” designed by the French G.C.
Pouzet (see picture).
1910, the American Williamson Rockwell Clough patented a corkscrew made
of a simple steel wire. The patent was essentially concerning the protecting
sleeve that was made of wood or steel (see picture).
is only a summary of some creations, but lots of others exist …
it’s up to you to discover them.