Multi-lever:

 
   
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Multi lever

These corkscrews are also called “concertina, extensible or accordion” because they refer to the concertina vestibule of the music instrument. Today, this type of corkscrew is often called “Zig-Zag”, due to the name of a very popular French corkscrew that has this brand written on the handle (see picture). Jules Bart from Saint-Clément (France) patented this famous corkscrew in Switzerland in 1919. This corkscrew is still manufactured today.

Let’s go back to the discovery of the multi-lever system: It is in 1884 (the 25th of September) that Arthur Marschall Weir took up the first patent in England. The most common version, realized by the manufacture Heeley & Sons, is using straight levers of the same length (see picture). A rarer model is made of two serials of levers (with undulated sides), linked together by the means of a bobbin shaped wooden handle.

Just to give you an idea, some 130 patents were delivered between 1867 and 1907.

In 1902, Henri D. Armstrong created a corkscrew named “The Irresistible” of which levers are of different length (see picture).

Frenchmen particularly appreciated this type of mechanism and realized many models. Although it is impossible to enumerate all of them in this website, let’s only quote the following ones: the “Débouchtout”, the “Zig-Zag” (see picture), the “Tric-Trac” (see picture), the “Ixe”, the “Parfait”, the “Kis Ply” (see picture), the “Tirax”, the “Kidebouche” (see picture), the “Polichinelle” (see picture”, the “Souplex” (see picture), the “Perfect”, and a lot more …

 

 
   
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