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ORVAL'S ABBEY - Plunder and Destruction.


The hilly and widely afforested part of the country, charming site owes its fame to Orval's abbey. This abbey, all over the world famous, nested in the hollow of a valley was based in 1070, by Benedictines come from Calabria. She(it) became Cistercian in 1131. In 17-th century she(it) was connected with the order of the Trappist monks. During the centuries she(it) known for numerous adventures; wars, fires, plunders. The last destruction was that of the revolutionaries, on June 23, 1793. Ruins were often searched to find a hypothetical treasure. To date, ruins are always visible. One commemorated the 200-th anniversary(birthday) of the destruction of this impressive religious architectural set(group) to which becomes attached the legend of the Countess Mathilde de Toscane XVIe - XVII-th century, which having lost its wedding ring him(it,her) lives to put back(hand) to the source by a trout. She would have exclaimed: " it is a valley of gold " where from Orval.

Since the beginning of the revolution of 1789, the abbey close to the French border, in four leagues of MontmÈdy, seemed indicated(appointed) to the first knocks of the revolutionary armies. There was to it several causes:

1 ƒ The reputation of wealth which enjoyed this abbey and which gave birth to fantastic legends lighting(switching on) appetites and popular imaginations and a distant echo in a Paul Feval's moving novel , night errors " of which one can find dedicated to the History of the famous treasure hidden from Orval.

2 ƒ The name of this convent as possible refuge for the royal family in its flight(leak) called, also, an exemplary punishment.

3 ƒ Finally the assemblings of emigrated and of Austrian bodies which were held in it frequently by making(doing) an intermediate stage among MontmÈdy, Florenville, Virton and Arlon who worried by his(her) nearness the Agreement in the military point of view and took the appearance of a military exercise place intended to serve as home(foyer) of plot and strategic base for a moment of invasion.

It is acquired today that Orval's abbey was not the purpose of journey of Louis XVI, she(it) had been indicated(appointed) and proposed as place of refuge in the hypothesis where the royal family would have been forced to abandon France. After the arrest of King to Varennes, the Marquees de BouillÈ, believing the missed part(party) and its compromised situation runs away the same day from Orval, with his(her) son, chief warrant officer of the hussars and aid - de - camp of Vauglas and Soteux and several also compromised generals, of Kinglin, Heyman and Orflize, junior officers and German soldiers remained faithful to its fortune.

The first expedition against Orval had taken place on June 13, 1792 by a detachment of the army of Fayette then in Sedan, the story is there in a letter which was intended for Marie - Antoinette, found in his(her) secretary, on August 10 and published by the Universal Instructor(monitor) of next August 17.

Charles Pilard, in some one of its recollections of an old man Sedanais is more explicit and made(done) by Orval's plunder a full of imagery and very alive picture(table):

So dies this aristocrats' nest, of emigrated into conspirators, as example of reprisals Jean-Pierre Mangin in " the generals Meusiens of the revolution and the Empire " speaks to us about Louis - Henri LOISON: