History of the Order

 

by Sister Kathleen O'Neill
Mississippi Abbey, Dubuque, Iowa, USA

 

XXX. Liturgy and Sacraments

Primary Sources

Stephen Harding, Monitum on the Hymnal

 #Waddell, Chrysogonus OCSO, ed. The Twelfth-Century Cistercian Hymnal. CL-1, 1984, Vol II, p 12. Latin text only. Commentary in Vol I, 18-22.

#ET Basil Pennington, CSQ 4 (1969) 143-5.

Arnulph of Bohéries, Mirror of Monks, 2

#Bernard, Officium de Sancto Victore, SBO III, 495-508.

#Bernard, Ep 398; SBO 377-379.

            #ET in The Works of Bernard of Clairvaux, Vol I, Treatises I, CF-1, 1970.

#Bernard, Prologus in Antiphonarium, SBO III, 509-516.

#ET: Prologue to the Cistercian Antiphonary, tr & intro Chrysogonus Waddell, in The Works of Bernard of Clairvaux, Vol I, Treatises I, CF-1, 1970.

#Bernard, Sermones super Cantica 47.8

Baldwin of Ford,Tractatus de sanctissimo sacramento Eucharistica

Baldwin of Ford,  Le sacrement de l'autel, ed & tr J Morson, E de Solms & J Leclercq, SC-93 & 94 (1963).

Gertrude of Helfta

Gilbert of Orval, Versus de Eucharistia. Ed Canivez, Cist. Chronik, 1927, 36-38.

Guerric of Igny, Sermon 38.4

Guerric of Igny, Sermon “On Arousing Devotion during Psalmody”.

Guy of Cherlieu, Cantum quem Cisterciensis. PL 182, col 1121-1132. Treatise on chant which follows Bernard’s Prologue. First part is probably by Guy of Cherlieu; second part by either Guy of  Eu or Richard of Vauclair.

#Isaac of Stella, On the Canon of the Mass (Epistola...de Officio Missae), tr C Waddell, Liturgy 11/3 (1977), 63-76; intro C Waddell, pp 21-76.

(#)Isaac of Stella, First Sermon for the Third Sunday after the Epiphany. Deals with sacramental confession. See Sermons on the Christian Year, Vol I, Sermon 11.

Stephen of Sawley, On the Recitation of the Divine Office.

William of St Thierry, De sacramento altaris. PL 180, 345-366.

#Un antiphonaire cistercien pour le temporal: XIIe siècle. Facsimile edition of Paris , Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Nouvelles acquisitions latines 1411. Intro, table & index, Claire Maître. Poitiers, Mécénat Musical, 1998.

Exordium Magnum chapter “On the Danger of Negligence in Psalmody,” Dist.5 C.16.

Die Hohenfurther Liderhandschrift (H42) von 1410. Facsimile edition. Introductory material by L Vacha, F Schäfer and G Massenkeil, pub. H Rothe. Cologne/Vienna, Böhlau-Verlag, 1984. Rvw Citeaux 39 (1988) 389-90. A "semi-liturgical manuscript" from Czechoslovakia.

Gebete aus St Thomas: Geistliche texte aus einer mittelalterlichen Zisterzienserinnenabtei des Trierer Landes, tr & collected by A Heinz.  St Thomas an der Kyll, Bishöflichen Priesterhaus St Thomas, 1980. Rvw Citeaux 33 (1982) 239-40.

#The Profession Rite of Port-Royal

#Reflections on the Profession Rite of Port-Royal. Both from the Constitutions du Monastère de Port-Royal du S. Sacrement. 1665 ed. Intro & tr C Wadell, Liturgy 12/1 (1978) 37-87.

Rituale Cisterciense iuxta statuta Capituli Generalis sive O.Cist. sive OOCSO, necnon Decreta sive generalia sive particularia Sacrae Congregationis de Cultu Divio et disciplina sacramentorum post concilium Vaticanum II. (Ediditio typica). Langwaden, Bernardus-Verlag. (Rvw COCR 61.4 (1999) [527].) Includes:

                        Proprium Cisterciense (1972/3): liturgical calendar

                        Institutio generalis (1974) for liturgy of the Hours

                        Missal, Mass lectionary, ordo for sacramental confession and anointing of sick (1974/5)

Bragança, Joaquim O. Processional-tropário de Alcobaça. Lisbon, Instituto Gregoriano de Lisboa, 1984. 93 p; fascimile. Early 14th c 5-line notation. *Rvw Citeaux 37 (1986) 318-9.

#Frisque, Xavier OCSO. «La parole chantée saint Bernard: Une lecture de sa lettre à l’abbé de Montiéramey,» COCR 57 (1995) 191-218. NB - this letter is not in Bruno Scott James. Article includes Latin text from SBOpera, & FT. See Waddell, «Saint Bernard, chant cistercien...» under Secondary Sources.

#Maître, Claire. Un antiphonaire cistercien pour le temporal, XIIe siècle, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, nouvelles acquisitions latines 1411. Intro, tables & index. Poitiers, 1998 (Mécénat Musical Société Générale). Brf rvw COCR 60 (1998.4) [370].

Mikkers, E. "Un traite inédit d'Étienne de Salley sur la psalmodie" Cîteaux 23 (1972) 245-88. Rvw MS, CSQ 10 (1975) [216-7].

#Pennington, Basil. "Three Early Documents" CSQ 4 (1969) 142-158.

De Vogüé, Adalbert. “Origine et structure de l’office bénédictin,” COCR 29 (1967) 195-9.

#Waddell, Chrysogonus OCSO. «Six Hymns from the Ceremonial des religievses de la Congregation de Sainct Bernard, Ordre de Cisteavx,» Liturgy 14/1 (1980) 77-99. The tunes are by some of our 17th c Bernardine sisters (traditional texts).

Waddell, C, ed. The Twelfth-Century Cistercian Hymnal. CL-1, 1984. Vol I, Intro & commentary; Vol II, Ed. Rvw AE Davidson, CSQ 20 (1985) [772-3].

Waddell, C, ed. The Old French Paraclete Ordinary and the Paraclete Breviary. Kentucky, Gethsemani Abbey, 1983 (CL 3-7). Rvw Citeaux 39 (1988) 382-3.

1. Introduction and Commentary.

2. Edition.

3A. Edition: Calendar and Temporal Cycle

3B. Edition: The Sanctoral Cycle

3C. Edition: Common of Saints, Varia, Indices

Waddell, C, ed. Hymn Collections from the Paraclete. Kentucky, Gethscemani Abbey. Rvw Citeaux 40 (1989) 507-8.

1. Introduction and commentary. CL-8, 1989

2. Edition. CL-9, 1987.

Waddell, C, ed. The Summer-Season Molesme Breviary. Kentucky, Gethsemani Abbey, 1985 (CL 10-13). Rvw Citeaux 39 (1988) 383-4

1. Introduction and Commentary

2A. Edition: The Temporal Cycle

2B. Edition: The Sanctoral Cycle

2C. Edition: Common of Saints and Indices

#Waddell, C. "Eucharistic Meditations on the Psalms by the Lady Abbess of Monchy, Madame Anne-Louise de Crevant-d'Humieres," Liturgy 10/3 (1976), 27-80. Includes bio, ET of texts.

#Waddell, C. "Notes On the Mass Prayers: From the Spiritual Exercises of an Eighteenth Century Trappist," intro & ET Liturgy 11/3 (1977) 77-96. Primary text is, "The Spirit of the Church at Each Part of the Sacrifice of the Mass" by Fr Jean-Climaque.

Secondary Sources

#fiche 18, "The Intellectual Concerns of Early Cistercians: The Liturgy; The Bible"

#fiche 21, "Liturgical Endeavors"

#fiche 37, "Liturgical Prayer"

#fiche 54, "Liturgical Perfection"

#fiche 77, "The Worship of God and Veneration of His Saints"

#fiche 88, "Revisions of the Liturgy" [17th c]

#fiche 115, "The Liturgy" [19th c]

#A Sister of Stapehill, "Traces of Liturgical Dance in Cistercian Rites," Hallel 1/7 (Aug 73) 28-34.

#Amiet, Robert & Pascal Collomb. "Manuscrits liturgiques médiévaux inédits conservés à l'abbaye de Tamié (Savoie): Inventaire et présentation," Citeaux 46 (1995) 259-287.

#Bell, David. "Baldwin of Ford and the Sacrament of the Altar," SMCH XI, 217-242.

Callerot, Françoise OCSO. «La sacramentalité chez saint Bernard,» Liturgie 77 (1991) 150-180. Rvw COCR 53 (1991) [116-7].

Canal, J. «Entorno a la antifona ‘Salve Regina». Puntualizando,» Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 33 (1966) 342-355. Defends the Cistercian origin of the Salve.

#Cawley, M. "Death Notices: Their Neglected Potential," Liturgy 22/1 (1988) 17-64. Good historical survey.

#Cawley, M. “The Psalms on the Deathbed at la Trappe,” CSQ 35.3 (2000) 297-316.

#Damangeot, M-F. “Un missel cistercien conservé au Musée Notre-Dame de Paris,” Citeaux 49 (1998) 363-9.

#Dubois, Marie-Gerard OCSO. "Orientation in Prayer," Liturgy 2/2 (1967) 36-47.

#Dubois, M-G. "The Cistercian Liturgical Renewal In France," Liturgy 23/3 (1989) 3-30. On post-conciliar reform (20th c).

#*Dubois, M-G. " The Cistercian Liturgy," Liturgy 26/2 (1992) 3-22. Historical overview from 12th to 20th century.

#Dubois, M-G. "Initiation monastique. Histoire des rites,» Liturgie 98 (1996) 202-227. Rvw COCR 59 (1997) [182-3]. #ET: «Monastic Initiation: A History of the Rites," Liturgy 30/3 (1996) 59-76.

#Faure, Sr M-P. “La Vierge dans l’hymnodie cistercienne contemporaine” in La Vierge dans la tradition cistercienne (Paris, Mediaspaul, 1999) 307-334.

#Fiey, Lucas. "Biblical Readings in the Cistercian Order Before the Liturgical Breakthrough," tr Fr Marcello, Liturgy 5/1 (1971) 49-53. Gives breakdown of the books read at Vigils mid-20th c.

#France, James. «God’s Work - Opus Dei» in The Cistercians in Medieval Art (CS-170, 1998) 169-190.

Frech, W, SOC. "Das Beichtrecht in Zisterzienserorden nach dan ältesten Gesetzessammlungen und dan Statuten des General Kapitels (1098-1786) ASOC 20 (1964) 3-48 (on confession). Rvw PC, CSQ 2 (1967) [62-3].

#Freeland, Sr Jane Patricia CSJB. "A Fifteenth Century Cistercian Processional," SMCH III, 344-351.

#Freeman, Brendan OCSO. "The Origins of Christmas and Epiphany," Liturgy 8/1 (1974) 3-28.

Gindele, C, OSB. “Der Mönchschor und seine Gebetsrichtung nach Osten,” Studien u. Mitteilungen z. Gexchichte des Benediktiner-Ordens…76 (1965) 22-35. Brf rvw COCR 30.3 (1968) [194].

Girardin, B. "Eucharistie et vie consacrée: le moyen âge," Parole et Pain (1964) # 3&4, 184-202; 243-265. Rvw NG, CSQ 2 (1967) [58].

#Griesser, Bruno. "The Breviary of Saint Stephen: Readings and Pericopes: Part I," tr B Lackner, Liturgy 8/2 (1974) 37-44. Part II seems not to have appeared.

Hahn, F. The Worship of the Early Church, tr J Reumann. Philadelphia, Fortress, 1973. Brf rvw Hallel 2/2, 108.

#Hammer, G. "Das Zisterziensergraduale D 19 aus Altenberg," Citeaux 32 (1981), 115-27. A 16th c book.

#Heiming, Odilo OSB. "On the Monastic Office from Cassian to Columbanus,"

Part I: Liturgy 20/3 (1986) 3-39

Part II: Liturgy 21/1 (1987) 19-50

Part III: Liturgy 21/3 (1987) 71-79.

#Hlaváčková, J Hana. "A Thirteenth-Century Antiphonary from Sedlec Abbey," Citeaux 47 (1996) 301-11.

Hontoir, C. "La devotion au saint sacrement chez les premier cisterciens," in Studia Eucharistica (Antwerp, 1946).

#Jordan, W D. "An Introductory Description and Commentary Concerning the Identification of Four Twelfth Century Musico-Liturgical Manuscripts from the Cistercian Monastery of Las Huelgas, Burgos," Citeaux 44 (1993) 152-236.

Koch, K. "Das Kalender des Stephan-Breviers," Cistercienser Chronik 57 (1950) 85-96.

#Lackner, Bede. "The Liturgy of Early Cîteaux," SMCH I, 1-34. Superb bibliography & use of multiple primary sources.

#Lafont, Ghislain. L"Eucharistie dans la vie monastique," COCR 44 (1982) 3-25.

Leclercq, J. "Saint Bernard Ecrivain d'aprés l'Office de Saint Victor," Rev Bén 74 (1967).

Leclercq, J. "Prière incessente: A propos de la 'laus perennis' du Moyen Âge," La Maison-Dieu 64 (1960) 90-101. Same material [identical?] found as "La 'psalmodie prolixe' de Cluny," a chapter in La liturgie et les paradoxes chrétiens, Paris, 1963.

#Leclercq, J. "Profession According to the Rule of St Benedict," Rule and Life: A Symposium, ed M Basil Pennington (CS-12, 1971) 117-150.

#Lemaitre, Jean-Loup. “Le Martyrologe cistercien publié à Paris en 1689 par Jean Petit,” Citeaux 50 (1999) 135-85.

Lynch, Joseph H. "Baptismal Sponsorship and Monks and Nuns 500-1000," ABR 31 (1930) 108-129. Rvw COCR 44 (1982) [61].

#Maître, Claire. “Les antiennes cisterciennes des Nocturnes pour la fête de l’Assomption” in La Vierge dans la tradition cistercienne (Paris, Mediaspaul, 1999) 137-157.

#Molette, Charles. “Simples réflexions à propos de quelques chants marials de Laudes chez les trappistes” in La Vierge dans la tradition cistercienne (Paris, Mediaspaul, 1999) 299-306.

#Nicholson, David OSB. Liturgical Music in Cistercian Monasticism: A Post-Vatican II Survey. Mt Angel Abbey, 1988.

#Ó Maidín, Vincent. "Irish Hymnology," Liturgy 6/3 (1972) 47-60. ETs of Irish hymn texts, mainly early medieval, & notes & intro.

*#Old, Hughes Oliphant. The Reading and Preaching of the Scriptures in the Worship of the Christian Church. Vol 3, The Medieval Church (Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 1999). Gives the Byzantine lectionary (pp 67-72), the Gallican Lectionary (81-95), the Mozarabic Lectionary (101-109), entire chapter “The Shaping of the Roman Lectionary” 143-184; the Carolingian lectionary (193-197)

#Oury, Guy OSB. "The Desert Fathers and the Mass and Eucharist," Liturgy 15/2 (1981) 3-12.

Penco, G. “La preghiera a forma di croce,” VM 21 (1967) no.90, 131-136. Brf rvw COCR 30.3 (1968) [195].

Penco, G. “Il ritorno al Paradiso,” VM 21 (1967) no.89, 81-86. Brf rvw COCR 30.3 (1968) [195].

#Pennington, Basil. "St Bernard On Composing Liturgical Texts," Liturgy 4/1 (1970) 18-20. 2 pp are ET of a letter of Bernard.

Pigeon, M. "Serlon de Savigny et l'Eucharistie," Citeaux 30 (1979) 267-71. Brf rvw COCR 45 (1983) [279].

#Pigeon, Michel. «1897. Un missel pour les convers,» COCR 59 (1997.2) 152-163.

#Porcile Santiso, Maria Teresa. "Saint Gertrude and the Liturgy,: Liturgy 26/3 (1992) 53-84.

Regnault, Lucien. “Fête et fêtes chez les moines d’Égypte au Ive siècle,” Acta Orientalia  Belgica 10 (1995-96) 19-24.

(#)Rondeau (?), Nivard OCSO. "De la spécificité de notre Liturgie Cistercienne," Liturgie 1 (1966) 1-8. #ET Liturgy 2/1 (1967) 1-7.

(#)Rondeau, Nivard OCSO. "The Paschal Character of Sunday in the Cistercian Office," tr Gabriel Zay OCSO, Liturgy 2/2 (1967) 1-19.

(#)Rondeau, Nivarc. "Sicut Psallit Ecclesia Romana, or The Sources of the Office in the Rule of Saint Benedict," #ET Liturgy 7/1 (1973) 17-24.

Rougé, Matthieu. Doctrine et expérience de l’eucharistie chez Guillaume de Saint-Thierry. Paris, Beauchesne, 1999.

Rvw: Burton, P-A. “Doctrine et expérience de l’eucharistie chez Guillaume de Saint-Thierry: Un compte rendu,” Citeaux 51.1-2 (2000) 149-155.

Salmon, Dom P. "L'office aux XIe et XIIe siècles: l'office monastique" in L'office divin au moyen âge (Paris, Cerf, 1967) 104-23. Brief rvw PC, CSQ 3 (1968) [124].

Schneider, Fulgence OCSO. L'Ancienne Messe Cistercienne. Tilbourg, Holland, 1929.

#Smith, William. "A Fifteenth Century Psalter for Tarrant Abbey" CSQ 16 (1981) 46-55.

#Taft, Robert SJ. The Liturgy of the Hours in East and West," Collegeville, Liturgical Press, 1986. Rvw D K Liturgy 21/3 (1987) 81-83.

Thivièrge, Benoît, OCSO. Le Rituel Cistercien de Profession Monastique: Un Commentaire Historique, Théologique et Liturgique du Rituel Cistercien de Profession Monastique et des Formulaires de Bénédiction du Moine et de la Coule. Rome, Sant'Anselmo, 1992. Rvw CSQ 30 (1995) [72-4].

#Thomas, Robert OCSO. "Cistercian Teachers and the Divine Office According To the Rule of Saint Benedict,: Liturgy 26/2 (1992) 45-54.

Tirot, P. ‘Ordo Missae’ monastique: Cluny, Citeaux, La Chartreuse, Bibliotheca Ephemerides Liturgicae, Subsidia, n 21. Rome, 1981, 118 pp. Originally published in 2 articaules in Ephemerides Liturgicae (95, 1981, pp 44-120; 220-251). Rvw Citeaux 33 (1982) 235.

#Veilleux, A. "The Cistercian Rite: Myth or Reality/" Liturgy 5/2 (1971) 95-100.

Verdeyen, P. "Parole et sacrament chez Guillaume de Saint Thierry" in Fides Sacramenti - Sacramentum Fidei (Assen, Van Gorcum, 1981) 193-203. Rvw GG, COCR 44 (1982) [152-3].

#Vernet, Placide OCSO. "Processions According to the Rituale Cisterciense," Liturgy 2/2 (1967) 48-66.

#Vernet, Placide. "In Vigilia Dominicae ad Vesperas: The Beginning of Sunday and Monastic Tradition," Liturgy 20/3 (1986) 3-39.

#Vernet, P. "The Celebration of the Rogations: a Brief Historical Survey," Liturgy 28/2 (1994) 3-25.

Vernet, P. “Liturgie et vie des convers cisterciens. Les documents d’une tradition-institution,” Liturgie 108 (1999) 11-42. Brf rvw COCR 61.3 (1999) [521].

Vosicky, Bernhard Johan. In Liebe heilen: De Begriffe ‘sacramentum’ und ‘mysterium’ in den Werken Bernhards von Clairvaux. Heiligenkreuz, 1987. Rvw Citeaux 39 (1988) 188-190.

#Waddell, Chrysogonus OCSO. "The Pre-Cistercian Background of Cîteaux and the Cistercian Liturgy," SMCH X, 109-132.

#Waddell, C. “The Quest for the Liturgy of Early Cîteaux: A Progress Report,” Liturgy 31/2-3 (1998) 43-66.

#Waddell, C. "The Place and Meaning of the Work of God in Twelfth-Century Cistercian Life" CSQ 23 (1988) 25-44. Good general info on daily life, for both monk & lay brother.

#Wadell, C. "The Early Cistercian Experience of Liturgy" in Rule and Life: An Interdisciplinary Symposium, ed M BAsil Pennington OCSO (CS-12, 1971) 77-116. Has a lot on the influence of RB; section on lay brothers

#*Waddell, C. "From the Sins of My Youth: An Essay With the Title 'An Aspect of the Chant Reform Called "Bernardine"'," Liturgy 6/1 (1972) 81-95.

#Waddell, C. "The Origin and Early Evolution of the Cistercian Antiphonary: Reflections on Two Cistercian Chant Reforms" in M Basil Pennington [ed.] The Cistercian Spirit: A Symposium: In Memory of Thomas Merton (CS-3, 1970) 190-223. Rather technical.

Waddell, C. The Twelfth Century Cistercian Hymnal. I Introduction and Commentary; II Edition. Cistercian Liturgy Series, 1 & 2, Gethsamani Abbey 1984. Rvw A Louf, COCR 47 (1985) 255-257.

#Waddell, C. "Rancé and Cistercian Chant," Liturgy 26/2 (1992) 55-78.

#Waddell, C. "The Mass Prayers for the Blessings of Monks: A Second Look," Liturgy 2/1 (1967) 13-27.

#Waddell, C. "The Profession of Nuns at Port-Royal," Liturgy 12 (1978) 37-87. Rvw C Friedlander, COCR 44 (1982) [165-6]

#Waddell, C. "The Prayers and Antiphons of Our Lady before the Canonical Office," Liturgy 1/1 (1966) 24-44.

#Waddell, C. "The Oldest Marian Antiphon-Text," Liturgy 20/3 (1986) 41-60. On the Sub tuum praesidium, with musical examples.

#Waddell, C. “Mary in the Twelfth-Century Cistercian Liturgy,” Liturgy 31/2-3 (1998) 21-31.

#Waddell, C. "Blessed Hermann and the Alma Redemptoris Mater," Liturgy 27/2-3 (1993) 85-95 [Hermanus Contractus].

#Waddell, C. "The Twelfth-Century Cistercian Office For Evangelists," Liturgy 26/1 (1992) 37-120.

#Waddell, C. “Feasts of Saint Benedict in the Twelfth-Century and Twentieth-Century Cistercian Calendars,” Liturgy 31/1 (1998) 27-44.

#Waddell, C. "Saint Bernard's Mary Madgalene Office," Liturgy 23/3 (1989) 31-61.

#Waddell, C. "Saint Bernard and the Advent Hymn Conditor Alme Siderum," Liturgy 22/2 (1988) 77-102.

#Waddell, C. "A Monk's Christmas Carol: Christmas at Marmoutier and at Citeaux: 24-25 December, 1113," Liturgy 23/1 (1989) 47-103.

#Waddell, C. "Notes on the Early Cistercian Blessing of Candles and Candlemas Procession," Liturgy 25/1 (1991) 43-86.

#Waddell, C. "Questions Concerning the Palm Sunday Liturgy," Liturgy 2/1 (1967) 28-66.

#Waddell, C. "A Note on the Cross in the Palm Sunday Procession," Liturgy 2/2 (1967) 20-24.

#Waddell, C. "The Vidi Aquam and the Easter Morning Procession: Pages from the Prayerbook of a Fifteenth-Century Cistercian Nun," Liturgy 21/3 (1987) 3-56.

#Waddell, C. "Notes on Three Cistercian Devotional Texts: The Consecration to the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus, The Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, and The Renewal of Profession," Liturgy 3/2 (1968) 3-10.

#Waddell, C. "A Few Notes On the Preparation of Communion Hosts in the Cistercian Tradition," Liturgy 10/1 (1976) 77-96.

Waddell, C. «Saint Bernard, chant cistercien et liturgie,» Liturgie 79 (1991) 276-291. On same letter as Frisque (see Primary Sources).

#Waddell, C. «Peter Abelard’s Letter 10 and Cistercian Liturgical Reform,» SMCH II 75-86.

#Waddell, C. “La Vierge Marie dans la liturgie cistercienne au XIIe siècle” in La Vierge dans la tradition cistercienne (Paris, Mediaspaul, 1999) 123-136.

Weinrich, Lorenz. «Musik des 12n Jahrhunderts: Zisterzienser-Liturgie,» no further reference.

Woolfenden, Graham. «The Use of the Psalter by Early Monastic Communities,» Studia Patristica 26 (Oxford 1991; Louvain, Peeters, 1993) 88-94. Rvw COCR 57 (1995) [523].