History of the Order

 

 

by Sister Kathleen O'Neill
Mississippi Abbey, Dubuque, Iowa, USA

 

Bibliography - Persons

II.g. Other figures

Brouette, E & ?. Dictionnaire des auteurs cisterciens. Rochefort, 1975-1979. La documentation cistercienne, vol 16 t.1.

Marilier, J. "Catalogue des Abbés de Cîteaux pour le XIIe Siècle: Addition et rectification à la 'Gallia Christiana'," Jailly-les-Moulins 1947. Printed in Cistencienser Chronik 55 (1948) 1-11.

 

Martyrs

 

Doberan: 1179 (mentioned in Citeaux 37, 299-300)

Alcobaça: 1195.

Yañez Neira, Damián, OCSO. "VIII centenario de los mártires de Alcobaça: 1195-1995," Cist 47 (1995) 557-576.

 

Anonymous

#Treatise on the Spirit and the Soul, tr Erasmo Leiva & Sr Benedicta Ward SLG, in Three Treatises on Man: a Cistercian Anthropology, ed & intro Bernard McGinn, CF-24. 1977.

Jesu dulcis memoria, probably by an English Cistercian late 12th c; reminiscent of Bernard & Aelred. Ed PL 184, 1317-20.

 

School of Clairvaux in general

Gastaldelli, "Amore e contemplazione in testi inediti Clarevallensi," Salesianum 33 (1976) 43-70.

Leclercq, "Sermons de l'école de S Bernard dans un ms d'Hauterive," Analecta SOC 11 (1955) 3-26.

 

Adam of Dore b.Hereford, England, 2nd half of 12th c; abbot of Dore c.1200.

Works

Contra Speculum Giraldi, a defense of monasticism against attack by Bishop Sylvester Girald.

Poems. Unedited.

Secondary Sources

#Canivez, J M. "Adam de Dore," DS 1, 197.

 

Alan of Lille, Doctor universalis. b.Lille c.1115; taught at Paris & Montpellier; entered Citeaux near end of life, as lay brother; d.1202/3.

Works

(#)Compendiosa in Cantica Canticorum ad laudem Deiparae Virginis elucidatio (PL 210, 51-110). Confirms the Immaculate Conception of Mary; cited 1854 in definition of the dogma.

#ET of excerpt (Prologue & chapter one) with intro in Eros and Allegory: Medieval Exegesis of the Song of Songs by Denys Turner (CS-156, 1995) , 291-307.

(#)Summa de Arte predicatora. #ET: The Art of Preaching. Tr, intro Gillian R Evans. CF-23, 1981.

Opusculum de sex alis Cherubim, in quo succincta et sana continetur doctrina da Compunctione, Confessione, Satisfactione, Dilectione Dei et proximi; etc. (PL 210, 265-80)

Liber poenitentialis sive methodus digne administrandi et suscipiendi sacramentum poenitentiae (PL 210, 279-304 has partial text; complete text at Cist abbey of Lilienfeld.

Liber de planctu naturae, Enchiridion de natura rerum or Tractatus contra Sodomiae vitium. In prose and verse. Edited in 1494.

Anticlaudianus, sive de officio viri boni et perfecti.

Doctrinale minus or Liber parabolarum (PL 210, 579-594).

Doctrinale altum (PL 210, 617-684)

sermons

D'Alverny, M-Th. Alain de Lille, Textes inédites, avec introduction sur sa vie et ses oeuvres. Paris 1965. Paper on the historical data in this book published in another anthology. Rvw CD, CSQ 7 (1972), see pp [103-4] fro Alverny's dates.

Secondary Sources

#Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, ed. F.L.Cross & E.A.Livingstone (3rd ed, Oxford UP, 1997), 32.

#Canivez, J M. "Alain de Lille (Alanus Insulensis), DS 1, 270-272.

(#)Evans, G R. Alan of Lille: The Frontiers of Theology in the Later Twelfth Century. Cambridge, Cambridge U Press, 1983. #Rvw P A Cusack, CSQ 25 (1990) [372-373].

Glorieux, P. "Alain de Lille, le moine et l'abbaye du Bec," Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 39 (1972) 51-62. Rvw MS, CSQ 10 (1975) [216].

#Old, Hughes Oliphant. The Reading and Preaching of the Scriptures in the Worship of the Christian Church. Vol 3, The Medieval Church (Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 1999), 329-334.

 

Alcher of Clairvaux, Monk of Clairvaux c.1150-75.

Works

?De spiritu et anima? Alcher's authorship increasingly placed in doubt.

?De diligendo Deo, probably by same author.

Secondary Sources

#Canivez, J M. "Alcher," DS 1, 294-5.

Raciti, G. "L'autore del De spiritu et anima," Rivista di filosofia neoscolastica 53 (1961) 385-401

Norpoth, L. Der pseudo-augustinische Traktat De spiritu et anima, dissert. de 1924, Munich, 1971.

 

Amadeus of Clermont, lord of Hauterive d.1150; c.1119 entered Bonnevaux with 16 others.

Primary Sources

Dimier, A. OCSO. Un grand seigneur dauphinois, humble moine cistercien. La vie du Vèn. Amédée d'Hauterives, moine de Bonnevaux (+ v.1150) par un moine de Bonnevaux, témoin oculaire. Intro, tr & notes. Imprimerie Paillet, Bourgoin-Jallien, 1968. 56 pp. Rvw CD, CSQ 7 (1972) [119-20].

 

Amadeus of Lausanne  1110-1159. Son of Amadeus of Hauterive. 1125 entered Clairvaux; 1139, abbot of Hautecombe (Savoy); 1144 bishop of Lausanne.

Works

(#)8 homelies in honor of the Virgin Mary. Bavaud, G, J Deshusses & A Dumas, Huits homélies mariales, SC-72, Paris, Cerf, 1960.

                        #ET Marie-Bernard Saïd & Grace Perigo, in Magnificat: Homilies in Praise of the Blessed Virgin Mary, CF-18, 1979.

Epistola ad filios suos ecclesiae Lausannensis

Primary Sources

Vita beati Amedei, domini Altae Ripae, Conradi Imperatoris pronepotis, et postea monachi Bonnaevallis, by a monk of Bonnevaux c.1160.

Secondary Sources

#Canivez, J M. "Amédée (Bienheureux)", DS 1, 469-71.

Dimier, A. Amédée de Lausanne, disciple de St Bernard. Saint-Wandrille, 1949

Dimier, A. "A propos des homélies d'Amédée de Lausanne," COCR 49 (1986) 19-27.

#Clair, R. "Saint Pierre II de Tarentaise et saint Amédée de Lausanne," Cîteaux 25 (1974) 287-98.

 

Andrew

Secondary Sources

#Canivez, J-M. “André,” DS-1 550.

Works

A single preserved letter, published by Tissier.

 

Baldwin of Ford  d. 1190. Abbot of Ford. 1180 elected bishop of Worcester; 1184, archbishop of Canterbury. Papal legate in England. Died in Tyre (Syria) during Crusade.

Works

Balduini de Forda Opera. Corpus Christianorum, Continuatio Mediaeualis XCIX. Turnhout, Brepols.

#Sermones De Commendatione Fidei. Ed David Bell. 1991. Rvw H Costello, Citeaux 45 (1994) 187-9. Rvw Jean Holman CSQ 28 (1993) [30-31].

#Ibid., Instrumenta Lexicologica Latina. Series A - Formae. Gives a complete alphabetical list of all the words; includes microfiches (of the text itself?)

#Baudouin de Ford. Traités 1-16, présentés et tr par R Thomas (Coll. Pain de Cîteaux 35-40). Chimay, 1973-75, Latin & French. Rvw B-J Samain, CSQ 12 (1977) [348-9].

#Spiritual Tractates: Vol One, Tractates I-VIII, tr from Pain de Citeaux 35-40 compared with PL, annot & intro, David N Bell, CF-38, 1986.

#Tractatus de sanctissimo sacramento Eucharistica

#Treatise on the Common Life, tr & intro C Waddell, Liturgy 11/1 (1977) 3-18.

#Deux traités inédits de Baoudouin de Ford, le 'De Oboedientia' et le 'De Sancta Cruce,' ed, annot & intro B-J Samain. Citeaux 38 (1988) 5-41.

#ET: The Sermons on Obedience and the Cross, tr Sr Jane Patricia Freeland & David N Bell; intro, annot D Bell. CSQ 29 (1994) 241-290. Rvw COCR 57 (1995) [612].

From Canivez (from Tissier):

De corpore et sanguine Domini, or De sacramento altaris or De sacramento ecclesiae.

Le sacrement de l'autel, ed & tr J Morson, E de Solms & J Leclercq, SC-93 & 94 (1963).

De commentatione fidei

De orthodoxis dogmatibus

De sectis haereticorum

De unitate charitatis

De amore

Sermones triginta tres

De commentationa virginitatis

De angeli nuntio

De cruce

Letters.

Secondary Sources

#Bell, David. "Baldwin of Ford and Twelfth-Century Theology," SMCH VII, 136-148.

#Bell, David. "The ascetic spirituality of Baldwin of Ford," Citeaux 31 (1980) 227-50.

#Bell, David. "Baldwin of Ford and the Sacrament of the Altar," SMCH XI, 217-242.

#Bell, D. ""Twelfth-Century Divination and a Passage in the De Commendatione fidei of Baldwin of Ford," Citeaux 44 (1993) 237-252.

#Canivez, J M, "Baudouin de Ford," DS 1, 1285-6.

#France, James. The Cistercians in Medieval Art, CS-170, 1998, pp 60-61.

Hallet, C. «Notes sur le vocabulaire de De Vita Coenobitica seu Communi de Baudouin de Ford,» ASOC 22 (1966) 272-8. Rvw HC Citeaux 21 (1970) 323.

Hallet, C. «La communion des personnes d’après Baudouin de Ford» in Revue d’Ascétique et de Mystique 42 (1966) 405-422. Brf rvw EM, Citeaux 22.2 (1971) 197.

Hallet, C. “El amor en la obra de Balduino de Ford. Studia Monastica 40 (1998) 281-90. Brf rvw COCR 61.4 (1999) [553-4].

Renna, Thomas. "The corpus of the works of Baldwin of Ford," Citeaux 35 (1985) 215-34.

 

Bernard de Ventadour or Ventadorn. d.?1195. Troubadour, later monk of Dalon.

“Bernard de Ventadour,” New Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th ed, Vol 2 p146.

 

Berno of Amelungsborn. Apostle of the Obotrites (fiche 45, p 4)

 

Berthold, Abbot of Loccum. Apostle of Livonia (fiche 45, p 4)

 

Burchard of Bellevaux or of Balerne  c.1100-1164. Abbot of Belerne, then of Bellevaux.

Works

Apologia de barbis, ed. R B C Huygens, CCM 62 (1985) 45-224.

Letter to Nicolas of Clairvaux, PL 196, 1605.

Subscription of Vita Prima Bernardi, PL 185, 266-8.

Secondary Sources

#Chauvin, B. "Un disciple méconnu de saint Bernard: Burchard de Balerne, abbé de Balerne puis de Bellevaux (vers 1100 - 1164)

 

Christian of Aumone

Primary Sources

Vita Christiani Monachi. Ed J Leclercq, Analecta Bollandiana 71 (1953).

 

Conrad the Hermit

#Greenia, Conrad OCSO. "Blessed Conrad the Hermit," CSQ 4 (1969) 159-162 [Morimond].

 

David of Himmerod 1100-1179

Primary Sources

Vita B. Davidis Hemmenrodensis (written ca. 1204); text & intro, Ambrosius Schneider, O Cist, ASOC 11 (1955) 27-44.

Secondary Sources

#Hontoir, Camille. "Saint Bernard et l'Ordre de Citeaux," COCR 15 (1953) ??

 

Elias of Coxyde, d. 1203. abbot of Dunes

Works

Sermons

Secondary Sources

#Hontoir, C. “Élie des Dunes,” DS 4, 575-6.

 

Emeline, Bl ?

#Müller, Gregor. «Die selige Emeline,» CistChr 12 #141 (Nov 1900) 321-8. (We have photocopy).

 

Engelhard of Langheim

Griesser, Bruno. «Engelhard von Langheim und sein Exempelbuch für die Nonnen von Wechterswinkel,» Cistercienser Chronik 70 (1963) 55-73. Book dates from 1180's. (?Rvw Citeaux 39 (1988)?)

 

Elizabeth, 1st abbess of St Thomas an der Kyll, d. pre-1205.

Primary Sources

Admoniciones morales per visiones datae. Cf DS 13, 774-5.

Secondary Sources

#Rissel, Hiltrud. «Entdeckung einer Inkorporationsurkunde für ein frühes Frauenkloster im 12. Jahrhundert,» Citeaux 39 (1988) 43-62.

 

Eugene III, Bl d.1153 (Bernard Paganelli) Pope 1145-1153

#Newman, Martha G. The Boundaries of Chaity: Cistercian Culture and Ecclesiastical Reform, 1098-1180 (Stanford, Stanford UP, 1996), passim.

#Vregile, Bernard de. “Eugène III (bienheureux),” DS 4 1680-1682.

 

Fastred, abbot of Citeaux 1162-3

Works

Letter to an abbot of the Order, PL 182, 704-6

 

Folcuin of Sittichenbach d 1154

Works

3 homilies

Primary Sources

Anon. of Sittichenbach, Miracula sancti Volquini, ed F Winter, Diw Cistercienser des nord-östlichen Deutschlands t.1, Gotha, 1868, p368-95

Secondary Sources

#Standaert, Maur. “Folcuin,” DS 5, 631-633.

see ASOC 7 (1952) p 48; Citeaux 14 (1963) p168.

 

Galand of Reigny

Works

Parables

“Cerca la gioia guarda la croce,” Parables 13 and 31. Intro, Ital tr, notes Edoardo Arborio Mella. Magnano, Ed Qiqajon, 1998 (Teste dei padri della cheisa 31).

Proverbs

Petit livre de proverbes. Intro, crit text, FT, notes, index, J Châtillon, M Dumontier & A Grélois. SC-436. Paris, Cerf, 1998.Rvw COCR 61.4 (1999) [546].

Secondary Sources

#Berlioz, Jacques. "Le Parabolaire de Galand de Reigny. Notes sur une édition récent," Citeaux 45 (1994) 383-390.

#Standaert, Maur. “Galland de Reigny,” DS 6, 74-75.

 

Geoffrey of Auxerre (or of Clairvaux) Entered Clairvaux 1140; secretary to St B (see NMH). + after 1194 (acc to EM). Abbot of Clairvaux 1163; retired 1165 for political reasions. Later, abbot of Fossanova (Italy) and then of Hautecombe (Savoy).

Works

Gaufridi Scriptura: Errores Gilleberti Pictaviensis episcopi; Libellus contra capitula Gislebert episcopi Pictaviensis; and Gaufridi Epistola ad Albinum Cardinalem et Episcopum Albanensem. Pub in N M Häring, The Writings against Gilbert of Poitiers by Geoffroy of Auxerre (ASOC 22 (1966)).

Fragmenta Gaufridi (early redaction of the Vita Prima)

Fragment of bk III, 5,15 in N M Häring, The Writings against Gilbert of Poitiers by Geoffroy of Auxerre (ASOC 22 (1966)).

(#)Vita Prima Bernardi, books 3 & 5. PL 185, 301-68.

#ET: St Bernard of Clairvaux, trans Geoffrey Webb & Adrian Walker. Westminster MD, Newman Press, 1960.

Vita of Peter of Tarentaise

(#)Super Apocalypsim, crit ed F Gastaldelli. Rome, Edizioni di Storia a Letteratura 1970. Rvw EM Citeaux 22.2 (1971) 203-4.

            #ET On the Apocalypse. Tr J Gibbons CSSP. CF-42, 2000.

Gastaldelli, Ferruccio. Ricerche su Goffredo d’Auxerre (Bibliotheca ‘Veterum sapienta’ Series A, vol 12). Il compendio anonimo del ‘Super Apocalypsim’. Intro & crit ed. Rome, Pontificium institutum altioris latinitatis, 1970. Rvw EM Citeaux 22.2 (1971) 203-4. This is a shorter version of the ‘Super Apocalypsim».

Entretion de Simon-Pierre avec Jesus. Intro, text, FT & annot, Henri Rochais. Paris, Cerf, 1990 (SC-364) Rvw COCR 53 (1991) [126].

Expositio in Cantica Canticorum, ed F Gastaldelli, Vol 2, Rome, 1974.

Sermons

#"Tre Sermoni di Goffredo di Auxerre su San Benedetto," ed F Gastaldelli. Citeaux 31 (1980); intro pp 193-206; text pp 207-225. "In natali sancti Benedicti de antiphona 'Iste sanctus'";  "Item sermo alius in natali eiusdem";  "Item in eadem die de verbis Filii Syrac".

El Marial inedito de Gaufredo de Auxerre,(+ ca 1178), ed J Canal, in Ephemerides Mariologicae 19 (1969) 217-277. Texts of 6 sermons on the Assumption & 6 on the Nativity; does not include other Marian sermons. Based on Troyes ms 503. #Brf rvw EM, Citeaux 22.2 (1971) 195-6.

Secondary Sources

#English: see intro to On the Apocalypse (supra).

Gastaldelli, F. «Una sconosciuta redazione latina della ‘Chanson du Chévalier au Cygne’ nel ‘Commento all’ Apocallise’ di Goffredo d’Auserre (118701188),» Aevum 42 (1968) 491-501. Showing Helinand’s dependence on Geoffrey.

Gastaldelli, F. "Ricerche per l'Edizione dei 'Sermones' di Goffredo d'Auxerre. Il manoscritte 'Troyes 503'." Salesianum 35 (1973) 649-666. Rvw GG CSQ 12 (1977) [348].

#Gastaldelli, F. "Regola, spiritualità e crisi dell'ordine cisterciense in tre sermoni di Gofredo di Auxerre su San Benedetto," Citeaux 31 (1980) 193-225.

Häring, N M. The Writings against Gilbert of Poitiers by Geoffroy of Auxerre, ASOC 22 (1966). Includes 1) bio; 2) study of ms trad on subject of title; 3) works (see above).

Häring, N M. «Texts Concerning Gilbert of Poitiers» in Archives d’Histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Age 37 (1970) 169-203. Brf rvw Citeaux 22.2 (1971) 196. First 2 «texts» are by Geoffroy.

Leclercq, J. "Le témoignage de Geoffroy...sur la vie cistercienne," Analecta monastica II, coll. Studia anselmiana 31 (1953) 174-202.

#Mikkers, E. “Robert de Molesmes,” DS 13, 748. Short but crucial bibliography.

#Newman, Martha G. The Boundaries of Chaity: Cistercian Culture and Ecclesiastical Reform, 1098-1180 (Stanford, Stanford UP, 1996), passim.

#Standaert, Maur.  “Geoffroy d’Auxerre,” DS 6, 226-29

 

Geoffrey of Admont (century?)

Works

Goffredo di Admont, I tempi di Dio. Omelie 19 e 20.  Intro, IT, notes, Edoardo Arborio Mella. Magnano, Ed Qiqajon, 1998, 36 pp.

 

Gervais of Louth-Park ca 1150

Works

Testamentum, ed H Talbot, ASOC 7 (1951) 32-45.

 

Gil of Cassayo

Yañes Neiro, Damián OCSO. "San Gil de Cassayo, monje y anacoreta," Yermo 7 (1969) 189-237. Rvw CSQ 9 91974) [105].

 

Gilbert of Hoyland  d.1172

Works

Treatises; commentary on the Song: PL 184

Encuentro con Dios. Comentario al Cantar..., coll. Padres Cistercienses 11, Azul, 1984 (intro E Mikkers, p 1-55)

#Sermons on the Song..., tr J Braceland (with fragment of commentary on Mt, some sermons, & incipits of series of sermons he attributes to G), CF-14, 20, 26 & 34 (1978-81). Based on the edition of Mabillon. Vols II & III rvw CD, COCR 45 (1983) [285].

#Sermons sur le Cantique des Cantiques, intro, French tr & notes, Pierre-Yves Emery. 2 vols, Pain de Citeaux #6-7. Oka, Quebec, Abbaye Notre-Dame-du-Lac, 1994-5. Vol 2 rvw COCR 59 (1997) [137].

#The Works of Gilbert of Hoyland IV: Treatises, Epistles and Sermons, with a Letter of Roger of Byland: The Milk of Babes; and an Edition and Translation of the Works of Master Gilbert, Abbot, from MS Bodley 87, the Bodleian Library, tr, appendix L Braceland. CF-38, 1981. 7 treatises, 1 sermon, 4 epistles of Gilbert.

Secondary Sources

#Braceland, Lawrence C, SJ, "Introduction" to Sermons Vol I, 3-40. Good biographical info.

Costello, H. "Gilbert of Hoyland," Cîteaux 27 (1976) 109-21.

#Dutton, Marsha. “The Works of Gilbert of Hoyland: Manuscripts and Printed Editions,” CSQ 35.2 (2000) 161-186.

#Dutton, M. “The Medici Connection: Gilbert of Hoyland’s Sermons on the Song of Songs in Renaissance Italy,” Citeaux 52 (2001) 93-120.

Holman, Jean. "La joie monastique chez Gilbert..." COCR 48 (1986) 279-96.

Talbot, C H. "Roger of Byland, Gilbert...and the Lac parvulorum," Studia monastica 22 (1980) 83-88.

#Vuong-Dinh-Lan, Jean. “Gilbert de Hoyland,” DS 6, 371-74

 

Gilbert of Orval

Works

Versus de Eucharistia. Ed Canivez, Cist. Chronik, 1927, 36-38.

 

Gilbert of Stanford  fl.ca.1200 (Cistercian or Benedictine)

Works

Writings on the Song

Secondary Sources

Leclercq, J. "Le commentaire de Gilbert de Stanford..." Analecta monastica I, coll.Studia Anselmiana 20 (1948) 205-30.

 

Godfrey of La Roche ?1090-1164 First abbot of Fontenay; prior of Clairvaux; Bishop of Langres

#Newman, Martha G. The Boundaries of Chaity: Cistercian Culture and Ecclesiastical Reform, 1098-1180 (Stanford, Stanford UP, 1996), passim.

 

Guerin of Aulps, monk of Molesmes, one of founders of Aulps (1097), abbot of Aulps (affiliated with Citeaux 1136), bishop of Sion 1138, d ca 1140.

Secondary Sources

Jugon, Clovis. Saint Guérin, abbé d’Aulps, évêque de Sion. Ed Perret-Gentil, Geneva, 1970. Rvw AD, Citeaux 21 (1970) 333-4.

 

Hamon of Savigny

Secondary Sources

Pigeon, Michel. "Beauté, Lumière et Couleurs dans la 'Vita' du bienheureux Hamon, moine de Savigny" [+ 1173], COCR 50 (1988) 249-55.

 

Henry of Marcy, Bl. or of Albano or of Hautecombe. d.1189. 1176: abbot of Clairvaux; 1179: cardinal bishop of Albano

Works

De peregrinante civitate Die, PL 204, 251-402

Secondary Sources

fiche 45, p 4.

#Newman, Martha G. The Boundaries of Chaity: Cistercian Culture and Ecclesiastical Reform, 1098-1180 (Stanford, Stanford UP, 1996), passim.

#Raciti, Gaetano. “Henri de Marcy,” DS 7, 225-27.

#Renna, Thomas. "The Idea of the City...," Cîteaux 35 (1984) 55-72.

 

Henry Murdac. d.1153.

Secondary Sources

#France, James. The Cistercians in Medieval Art, CS-170, 1998, pp 50-53.

 

Herbert of Clairvaux (?12th c?)

Works

De Miraculis

Secondary Sources

#Casey, Michael. "Herbert of Clairvaux's Book of Wonderful Happenings," CSQ 15 (1990) 37-40.

 

Herbert of Mores  d.1180 (DS says, before 1198). Monk of Clairvaux, abbot of Mores, then sec’y to Henry of Marcy at Clairvaux, then archbishop of Sassari (in Sardinia)

Works

Liber miraculorum et visionum, 1178.

Secondary Sources

#Raciti, Gaetano. “Herbert de Mores,” DS 7, 268-270.

 

Hermann of Reun, d ca.1180 (Austria)

Works

Sermones festivales, ed E Mikkers, J Theuws, R Demeulenaere, Corpus Christianorum Continuatio Medievalis  64 (1986) (Turnhout, Brepols, 1986). Liturgical cycle of 108 sermons. Rvw, & more info in accompanying microfiches etc, L Cunningham, CSQ 23 (1988) [185-6]. Rvw Citeaux 38 (1987) 371-3.

Secondary Sources

#Mikkers, Edmund. “Hermann de Reun,” DS 7, 298.

 

Hugh of Barzelle. One of a group of hermits who in 1138 united with the abbey of Landais; the same year, he participated in the foundation of Barzelle.

Works

De cohabitatione fratrum

Secondary Sources

#Delvaux, Jean-Marie. “Hugues de Barzelle,” DS 7, 873.

#Mikkers, E. “Robert de Molesmes,” DS 13, 747.

 

Hugh of Bonneval

Primary Sources

Vita

Secondary Sources

Dimier, A. S. Hughues de Bonneval, Tamié, 1941.

 

Hugh of Mâcon, 1st abbot of Pontigny, d.1151

Works

Sermons for liturgical feasts

Secondary Sources

#Groves, Nicholas. "Exegesis and Christology in the Sermons of Hugh of Pontigny," SMCH IV 269-292.

#Newman, Martha G. The Boundaries of Chaity: Cistercian Culture and Ecclesiastical Reform, 1098-1180 (Stanford, Stanford UP, 1996), passim.

#Raciti, Gaetano. “Hugues de Macon,” DS 7, 886-89.

 

Hugh Francigena, monk of Silvanès.

Works

Tractatus de conversione Pontii de Laracio et exordii Salvaniensis monasterii vera narratio (see Pons of Leras)

Secondary Sources

#Raciti, Gaetano. “Hugues de Silvanès,” DS 7, 939.

 

Idung of Prufening

Works

#A Dialogue between two Monks in Cistercians and Cluniacs: The Case for Citeaux. Tr Jeremiah F O'Sullivan, CF-33, 1972.

#An Argument on four Questions in Cistercians and Cluniacs: The Case for Citeaux. Tr Jeremiah F O'Sullivan, CF-33, 1972.

Secondary Sources

#Hontoir, Camille. ”Dialogus inter Cluniacensem Monachum et Cisterciensem,” DS 3, 851-853.

Huygens, RBC. "La moine Idung et ses deux ouvrages 'Argumentum spuer quattuor questionibus' et 'Dialogogus duorum monachorum'." Studi medievali 13 (1972) fasc 1, 291-470. Rvw MS, CSA 12 (1977) [346-7].

 

John the Hermit d.1180

#Bredero, Adriaan. “Jean l’ermite,” DS 8, 486-7.

 

Longulus (or Longuel)  late 12th c

Works

commentary on the prophets

Secondary Sources

#Standaert, Maur. “Lonugulus,” DS-9 992-993.

 

S Martin Cid d.1152. Founder & 1st abbot of Valparaiso.

Secondary Sources

Zaragoza Pacual, E, OSB. S Martin Dic, Fundador y primer abad del Monasterio Cisterciense de Valparaiso. Zamora, Ed Monte Casino, 1980. 48pp.  Brf rvw Citeaux 33 (1982) 238.

 

Maurice, St 1114-1191. According to the Harpercollins Encyclopedia of Catholicism (ed R P McBrien, New York, HarperCollins, 1995, 843), he was a Benedictine abbot who became a Cistercian and was elected abbot soon after his profession. Oct 13.

 

Nicolas of Clairvaux  or of Montieramey d.1178. Entered Clairvaux c.1152

Works

various letters and sermons, some of uncertain authenticity. PL 196, 1593-1654.

Secondary Sources

Benton, J, "An abusive Letter of N of Clairvaux," Mediaeval Studies 33 (1971) 365-70.

#Benton, J. “Nicolas de Clairvaux,” DS-11 (1982) 255-259.

Hermans, V. Spiritualité monastique (Rome, 1954) 225-229.

#Pigeon, Michel. "Le sermon de Nicolas de Clairvaux pour le 29 septembre," COCR 53 (1991) 321-9.

#Sabersky, Dorette. "The Style of Nicholas of Clairvaux's Letters," SMCH XI, 195-215.

 

Nicolas, cantor of Igny

poems, including "Quant li solleiz converset en leon," a 2-part trope for the Assumption, derived from Cist responsory; one of oldest extand lyric poems in French.

 

Nicolas Maniacoria. Deacon of San Damaso (Rome); Benedictine at Tre Fontane; TF became Cistercian 1144-45, in his last years.

Works

treatises on Scripture (concerned with establishing the text)

Suffraganeus bibliothecae (intro to the Bible)

Libellus de corruptione et correptione psalmorum et aliarum quarundam scripturarum

Poem on the popes. Das Papstgedicht des Nicalaus Maniacutias, ed H Schmidinger, Mitteilungen des Instituts für Oesterreichische Geschichtsschreibung, t. 72, 1964, 63-73.

Secondary Sources

Dictionnaire des auteurs cisterciens, 523-4.

 

Noel of Theuley

Works

correspondence with William of Auberive, unedited. Rome, Bibl Naz, ms 120.

Secondary Sources

Leclercq, J. "Manuscrits cisterciens dans les bibliothèquesd'Italie," ASOC 6 (1949) 105.

 

Odo of Morimond  d.1161. Abbot of Beaupré, then of Morimond (1160). Friend of Bernard.

Works

Planctus in morte S Bernardi. Cf G Hüffer, Vorstudien zu einer Darstellung des Lebens und Wirkens des Hl. Bernhard..., Münster, 1866; text p 13-16.

Analecta numerorum et rerum in theographyam (II): Traités du XIIe siècle sur la symbolique des nombres. H Lange, ed. Copenhagen, 1989. Rvw Citeaux 40 (1989) 508-9.

Numerous sermons

Secondary Sources

#Mikkers, E. “Odon de Morimond,” DS 11, 624-27

 

Odo of Ourscamp or of Soissons d.1172

Works

Questiones, ed. J B Pitra in his Analecta novissima Spicilegii Solesmensis, altera continuatio, 2 (1883) 3-147.

Letters; 8 on monastic life, in J Leclercq, "Lettres d'Odon d'Ourscamp...," Anclecta monastica III, coll. Studia anselmiana 37, 145-57.

17 sermons; some published J Longère, Cîteaux 30 (1980) 163-80; P de Santis, Aevum 56 (1982) 221-44.

Paola De Santis, "Un sermone di Oddone di Soissons nel ms Bruxells, BR, 10147-58," Aevum 56 (1982) 221-244. The first of the 17 sermons, as preserved in a different ms. Text & notes. Brief rvw GG, COCR 47 (1985) [559].

#Longère, J. "Un sermon d'Odon de Soissons (1172): Quaerite dominum dum inveniri potest (Is 55,6)," Citeaux 31 (1980) 163-80.

Secondary Sources

Evans, G R. "The place of Odo...'Quaestiones'...," RTAM 49 (1982) 121-40.

#Longère, J. “Odon de Soissons,” DS 11, 628-31.

 

Otto of Freising  d.1159

Works

Historia de duabus civitatibus

Gesta Friderici Imperatoris (with Rahewin, co-author), MG SrerGerm, ed G Waitz-von Simson.

ET The Deeds of Frederick Barbarossa in C C Mierow, tr & intro, The Deeds of Frederick Barbarossa and his continuator Rahewin, Toronto, 1994.

GT Die Taten Friedrichs oder richtiger Cronica, tr A Schmidt, pub Fr J Schmale. Berlin, Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, 1965. Xi + 760 pp. Rvw EM, Citeaux 21 (1970) 192-3.

Commentary on Ps 23, PL 189, 1398.

Secondary Sources

#France, James. The Cistercians in Medieval Art, CS-170, 1998, pp 57-60.

Goetz, Hans-Werner. Das Geschichtsbild Ottos von Freising. Ein Beitrag zur historischen Vorstellungswelt und zur Geschichte des 12. Jahrhunderts./ (Beihefte zum Archiv für Kulturgeschichte 19) Cologne/Vienna, Böhlau, 1984. #Rvw T Renna (in English), Citeaux 38 (1987) 139-40.

Grabe, N. "Die Zweistaatenlehre bei Otto von Freising und Augustin. Ein Vergleich." Cistercienser Chronik 80 (1973) 34-70. Rvw MS, CSQ 12 (1977) [347].

#Grill, P L. "Der Cistercienserbischof Otto fon Freising und das benediktinische Mönchtum," Citeaux 31 (1980) 105-118.

Haid, R. Studies in Cistercienser Chronik, 44-45 (1932-33).

Kirchner-Feyerabend, Cornelia. Otto von Freising als Diözesan- und Reichsbischof. Frankfurt am Main; Bern; New Yrok; Paris, Verlag Peter Lang, 1990. Rev Citeaux 41 (1990) 513-4.

#Lobrichon, G. “Otton de Freising,” DS 11, 1063-66

Müller, M, SVD. Beiträge zur Theologie Ottos von Freising. St Gabriel Verlag, Mödling bei Wien, 1965. Rvw EM, CSQ 3 (1968) [138-9].

#Renna, Thomas. "The Idea of the City in Otto of Freising and Henry of Albano," Citeaux 35 (1984) 55-72.

Schürmann, Brigitte. Die Rezeption der Werke Ottos von Freising im 15. and frühen 16. Jahrhundert. Stuttgart, Franz Steiner Verlag, 1986. Rvw Citeaux 39 (1988) 392-4.

#Smalley, Beryl. Historians in the Middle Ages. London, Thames and Hudson, 1974, pp 100-105. Plates 48 & 49 (p 94) are illustrations from 12th century ms of the History of the Two Cities.

#Wieruszowski, B. "Otto of Freising," NCE 10, 821-822.

Some mention of Otto in Karl F Morrison, History As a Visual Art In the Twelfth-Century Renaissance. Princeton NJ, Princeton U Press, 1990.

 

Peter of Roye, monk of Clairvaux

Works

Letters

Secondary Sources

#Mikkers, E. “Pierre de Roye,” DS 12, 1664-5

 

Peter II of Tarentaise  d.1174

Primary Sources

Vita by Geoffrey of Auxerre, written at behest of General Chapter

Secondary Sources

#Clair, R. "Saint Pierre II de Tarentaise et saint Amédée de Lausanne," Cîteaux 25 (1974) 287-98.

#Dimier, A. «Un miracle peu connu de Saint Pierre de Tarentaise,» Citeaux 22.3-4 (1971) 321-4.

#Duparc, P. «Les arbitrages de Saint Pierre de Tarentaise,» Citeaux 25 (1974) 299-308.

#Martin, Bruno-Jean. Histoire des Moines de Tamié et de quelques autres (3rd ed St Etienne, Action Graphique, 1991) pp 11-17 & passim.

#Merton, Thomas. “Saint Peter of Tarentaise: First Abbot of Tamié, Archbishop of Tarentaise (now Moutiers), France,” ed. Patrick Hart. CSQ 36.3 (2001) 337-347.

#Pennington, Basil. "St Peter II of Tarentaise (+1174)" CSQ 9 (1974) 340-347. Reprinted in Pennington, The Last of the Fathers: The Cistercian Fathers of the Twelfth Century (Still River MA, St Bede’s, 1983) 272-280.

#Riguet, Henry. Printemps en Chrétienté: L'Aventure Spirituel de Saint Pierre de Tarentaise. Abbaye de Tamié, 1967. Rvw EP, COCR 30.3 (1968) [217-8; ET in CSQ 4 (1969) [238].

#Roger, P. «Huitième centenaire de la mort de saint Pierre de Terentaise (1174-1974),» Citeaux 25 (1974) 318-9. Report on celebrations and conferences given.

 

Philip of l'Aumône

Works

sequence, on the death of Thomas a Becket

Secondary Sources

#Mikkers, E. “Philippe de l’Aumône,” DS 12, 1288-1289.

 

Pons of Leras

Primary Sources

Hugh Francigena, Tractatus de conversione Pontii de Laracio et exordii Salvaniensis monasterii vera narratio

Secondary Sources

#Kienzle, B M. "Pons of Leras: A Twelfth-Century Cistercian," Citeaux 40 (1989) 215-25.

 

Quentin Crasius, monk of Chalis, d ca 1151

lost book of elegies & other songs

 

 

Ralph of Coggeshall

Works

?Distinctiones monasticae. Fragments published by Pitra, Spicilegium Solesmense, vol 2 & 4.

Secondary Sources

Morin, G. "Le cistercien Ralph de Coggeshall et l'auteur des 'Distinctiones...'," RBén 51 (1953) 348-77.

Griesser, B. "Maria in den 'Distinctiones...' eines englischen Cisterciensers," Cister.Chronik 66 (1955) 1-15.

 

Roger of Byland or of Ford

Works

Poem on the Virgin Mary. Ed  CH Talbot, COCR 6 (1939-40) 44-54.

#Poem on the Virgin Mary. Crit.ed. A G Rigg, Citeaux 40 (1989) 200-213.

(#) Lac parvulorum. "A Letter of Roger, Abbot of Byland," intro & Latin text ed C H Talbot, ASOC 7 (1951) 218-231. #ET: "The Milk of Babes, a letter from Roger of Byland," tr of the above by Lawrence C Braceland SJ, in The Works of Gilbert of Hoyland IV, CF-34, 1981.

Secondary Sources

Talbot, C H. "The Verses of Roger of Ford on Our Lady," COCR 6 (1939) 44-54. Lists his works.

Talbot, C H, "Roger of Byland, Gilbert of Hoyland and the 'Lac parvulorum'," Studia Monastica 22 (1980) 83-88.

 

Serlo of Savigny  d.1158. Resigned as abbot of Savigny to become monk at Clairvaux.

Works

#Serlo of Savigny and Serlo of Wilton: Seven Unpublished Works, ed. & tr. Lawrence Braceland, SJ. CF-48, 1988. Rvw Jean Holman, CSQ 25 (1991) [370-372]. Rvw Citeaux 39 (1988) 194-5.

34 sermons edited by Tissier. Bibliotheca Patrum Cist. 6, 107-30.

Secondary Sources

Pigeon, M. "Serlon de Savigny et l'Eucharistie," Citeaux 30 (1979) 267-71. Brf rvw COCR 45 (1983) [279].

#Standaert, M. “Serlon de Savigny,” DS 13, 661-666.

 

Serlo of Wilton or of Fountains d 1181 as abbot of l"Aumône

Works

Serlon de Wilton: Poèmes latins, ed Jan Öberg, Stockholm, 1965. Includes a historical poem of the Battle of the Standard, fought 1138 between David ! of Scotland & Stephen of England.

Selections of "Serlonian Verse," ed Peter Dronke, in Medieval Latin and the Rise of the European Love Lyric, 2, 2nd ed (Oxford 1968) 493-512.

#Serlo of Savigny and Serlo of Wilton: Seven Unpublished Works, ed. & tr. Lawrence Braceland, SJ. CF-48, 1988. Rvw Jean Holman, CSQ 25 (1991) [370-372]. Rvw Citeaux 39 (1988) 194-5.

Secondary Sources

Öberg, J. «Einige Bemerkungen zu den Gedichten Serlos von Wilton» in Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch 6 (1970) 98-108. Rvw Citeaux 22.2 (1971) 196-7.

 

Stephen, founder of Obazine 1085-1159.

Primary Sources

Vita, ed E Baluze (1683)

Vita, ed. M Aubrin, Clermont-Ferrand, 1970. Rvw AD Citeaux 21 (1970) 334.

Secondary Sources

Lekai, L J. NCE 13, 701a.

 

Thibaud of Marly  d.1190. Lord of Morly, d. monk of Le Val

Works

Les vers moraux de Thibaud..., Cîteaux 19 (1968) 68-93. Describe his monastic conversion.

Les vers de Thibaud de Marly, poème didactique du XIIe siècle, ed Herbert King Stone, Paris, 1932.

 

Thomas the Cistercian or of Vaucelles or Clairvaux or Perseigne  d.1190

Works

Commentary on the Song, PL 206, 17-862

#ET of excerpt (Book One, sections 1-5) with intro in Eros and Allegory: Medieval Exegesis of the Song of Songs by Denys Turner (CS-156, 1995) , 309-15.

?various sermons & homelies (see DS 13, 751)

Secondary Sources

Bell, D N. "The commentary on the Song of Songs of Thomas the Cistercian and his conception of God," Cîteaux 28 (1977) 5-25. Rvw COCR 45 (1983) [187-8].

Bell, D N. "Love and Charity in the Commentary on the Song of Songs of Thomas the Cistercian," Cîteaux 28 (1977), 249-67. Rvw COCR 45 (1983) [187-8].

Bell, D N. "Contemplation and the Vision of God in the Commentary on the Song of Songs of Thomas the Cistercian," Cîteaux 29 (1978) 107-27. Rvw COCR 45 (1983) [187-8].

Leclercq, J. "Les deux compilations de Thomas de Perseigne," Medieval Studies 10 (1948) 204-9.

#Standaert, Maur. “Thomas le Cistercien,” DS 15, 796-800.

 

Walter Daniel  d.1170

Works

(#)Vita Aelredi. ET: The Life of Aelred of Rievaulx, tr & annot F M Powicke, intro Marsha Dutton, CF-57, 1994 (translation originally published Thomas Nelson & Sons 1950).

Collection of sentences

104 sermons (first 29 are missing)

Secondary Sources

Powicke, Sir Maurice, intro to The Life of Ailred of Rievaulx by Walter Daniel. Oxford, Clarendon, 1987.

Talbot, C H. "The 'Centum Sententiae' of Walter Daniel," Sacris Erudiri 11 (1960) 266-83.

 

William of Auberive

Secondary Sources

Lange, H. "Les données mathématiques des traités du 12e siècle sur la symbolique des nombres," appendix 2, "Guillaume d'Auberive" in Cahiers de l'Institut du moyen âge grec et latin de l'Univ. de Copenhague, 32 (1979) 87-116.

#Standaert, Maur. “Guillaume d’Auberive,” DS 6, 1181-2.

 

William of Bourges (the 3rd canonized saint in the Order)

Primary Sources

Vita by a monk of Chaalis.

Secondary Sources

#France, James. The Cistercians in Medieval Art, CS-170, 1998, pp 62-64.

#Bondéelle-Souchier, Anne. “Un manuscrit méconnu de la vie de Guillaume de Bourges, abbé cistercien, puis archevêque de Bourges (+1209)” in L’Ordre cistercian et le Berry (Conseil général du Cher, Bourges, 15-16 Mai 1998) 89-94.

 

William of Saxa (12th c)

#Yañez Neira, Damian. "Catalogo de monjes santos desconocidos (I: S.XII-S.XVI), Citeaux 38 (1987) pp 88-90.

 

Yterus of Waschey  late 12th c

Works

poem of 215 verses on duties of monastic life

Secondary Sources

Leclercq, J. "Textes et monuments cisterciens dans diverses bibliothèques, V Les divertissements poétiques d'Itier de Wassy," with ed of text, Analcecta S O Cist 12 (1955) 296-304.