Alexandre-Franšois DEBAIN (1809-1877) was the first to realize the
conception of a reed organ like we can see nowadays.
Recently I make the acquisition of an instrument with serial 27994 witch was built near 1874.
The console was intact but the bellows were porous and there was noise with the mechanism of the pedals.
I restore these parts and after many hours of work the result was quite satisfactory.
Being also a passionate of pipe organ and an user of the program Hauptwerk V 1.22 created by Martin Dyde, I decide to sample this beautiful reed organ for the community of Hauptwerk users;
Here is a list of the registers I have sampled.
The layout of the keyboard contains 61 keys.
The left side contains 29 keys the right side contains 32 keys.
|COR ANGLAIS 8||(1)||FL█TE 8||(1)|
|BOURDON 16||(2)||CLARINETTE 16||(2)|
|CLAIRON 4||(3)||FIFRE 4||(3)|
|BASSON 8||(4)||HAUTBOIS 8||(4)|
|AIGU 2||(5)||MUSETTE 16||(5)|
|EOLIEN 2||(6)||CELESTE 16||(6)|
|DOLCE 8||(8)||GRAVE 32||(7)|
|SAXOPHONE 4||(3P)||SOPRANO 4||(3P)|
|VIOLONCELLE 4||(3+5)||CORNEMUSE 16||(3+5)|
|VOIX HUMAINE 8||(3+6)|
The registers in black are present in most standard reed organ and the numbers 1->4 are conventional
The registers in brown are a free choice of the reed organ builder.
The registers in green are original combinations in DEBAIN harmonium and have no news reeds
So, there is really 7 full stops of 61 reeds in the key frame.
I have created 3.organ definition files for this harmonium.
1- The original instrument.
2- Original instrument + octaves couplers (This addition was frequent in later reed organ)
3- Simulation of a (2 keyboards and Pedal ) harmonium.
The wind pressure is constant for all the three, so you can play on any of
them as on an organ.
James Pressler has created an .ODF with 10 generals and 2 enclosures for this console Jpharmonium2MP.organ
Thanks to Dieter Thomson who have written an article about the harmonium Debain in his German review Orgelbits: www.orgelbits.de/debain.html