the JMH site
Museum of Jewish Moroccan Art
On the one hand, it was exposed to the influence of many successive civilizations: Romans, Vandals, Berbers, Arabs, Spanish, Portuguese, and finally French.
On the other hand, the influence of the surroundings has played an important role: cities or villages, country side, mountains or deserts.
In general, a distinction is made between two important categories of Moroccan Jews: the natives (toshavim) and the expatriates from Spain and Portugal after 1492 (megurashim).
Notwithstanding the lapse of time, each of such two groups has been able to keep its traditions and some of its specificities, more particularly in the areas of language, clothing, cooking, and music.
Since the 50's, Moroccan Jews have emigrated to other countries, mainly in Israel, France, Canada, the USA, and South America.
They have been well integrated in such countries but have nevertheless maintained a very high sense of belonging to the Moroccan community, this being evidenced among others by many happenings of all sorts and by going back to their country of origin for pilgrimages.
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Date of last update: 13 Apr 2002 WebSite by: Medius Lynx